SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

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Definitive Proxy Statement
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Soliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.

(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
 
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PRELIMINARY PROXY STATEMENT – SUBJECT TO COMPLETION
 
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.
NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
To Be Held On March __, 2014
To Our Shareholders:
 
We will hold our annual meeting of the shareholders of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on March __, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (PT) at the offices of the Company at 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503. As further described in the accompanying Proxy Statement, at this meeting we will consider and act upon:
 
(1)
The election of the seven directors named in the accompanying proxy statement to our Board of Directors to serve for a term of one year or until their successors are duly elected and qualified;
 
 
(2)
The ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accountants for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014;
 
 
(3)
The approval of an increase in the number of authorized shares of our common stock;
 
 
(4)
The approval of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan;
 
 
(5)
The approval of our 2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan;
 
 
(6)
The approval, on a non-binding advisory basis, of the compensation of our named executive officers (say on pay); and
 
 
(7)
The transaction of such other business as may come properly before the meeting or any meetings held upon adjournment or postponement of the meeting.
 
Our Board of Directors has fixed the close of business on January 30, 2014 as the record date for the determination of shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting or any meetings held upon adjournment or postponement of the meeting. Only record holders of our common stock at the close of business on that day will be entitled to vote. A copy of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2013 and the Form 10-K/A we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 29, 2013 are enclosed with this notice, but are not part of the proxy soliciting material.
We invite you to attend the meeting and vote in person. If you cannot attend, to assure that you are represented at the meeting, please sign and return the enclosed proxy card as promptly as possible in the enclosed postage prepaid envelope. If you attend the meeting, you may vote in person, even if you previously returned a signed proxy.

Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be Held on March __, 2014.


Our proxy statement and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2013 and the Form 10-K/A we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 29, 2013 are available at http://www.cstproxy.com/motorcarparts/2014.
 
 
 
By order of the Board of Directors
 
 
Michael M. Umansky,
Secretary
Torrance, California
February ___, 2014

PRELIMINARY PROXY STATEMENT – SUBJECT TO COMPLETION
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

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MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.
2929 California Street
Torrance, California 90503

PRELIMINARY PROXY STATEMENT – SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

GENERAL INFORMATION

We are sending you this proxy statement on or about February ___, 2014 in connection with the solicitation of proxies by our Board of Directors. The proxies are for use at our annual meeting of shareholders, which we will hold at 10:00 a.m. (PT) on March __, 2014, at the offices of the Company at 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503. The proxies will remain valid for use at any meetings held upon adjournment or postponement of that meeting. The record date for the meeting is the close of business on January 30, 2014. All holders of record of our common stock at the close of business on the record date are entitled to notice of the meeting and to vote at the meeting and any meetings held upon adjournment or postponement of that meeting. Our principal executive offices are located at 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503, and our telephone number is (310) 212-7910.

A proxy form is enclosed. Whether or not you plan to attend the meeting in person, please date, sign and return the enclosed proxy as promptly as possible, in the postage prepaid envelope provided, to ensure that your shares will be voted at the meeting. If you are a shareholder of record, you may revoke your proxies at any time prior to the voting at the meeting by submitting a later dated proxy, giving timely written notice of revocation to our secretary or attending the meeting and voting in person. If you are a holder in street name, you may revoke your proxy by following the specific voting directions provided to you by your bank, broker or other intermediary to change or revoke any instructions you have already provided to your bank, broker or other intermediary.

Unless you instruct otherwise in the proxy, any proxy, if not revoked, will be voted at the meeting:
 
for our Board of Directors’ slate of nominees;

to ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accountants for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014;

for the approval of an increase in the number of authorized shares of our common stock;

for the approval of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan;

for the approval of our 2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan;

for the approval on a non-binding advisory basis of the compensation of our named executive officers; and

as recommended by our Board of Directors with regard to all other matters, in its discretion.

Our only voting securities are the outstanding shares of our common stock. At the record date, we had 14,945,545 shares of common stock outstanding and approximately 28 shareholders of record. If the shareholders of record present in person or represented by their proxies at the meeting hold at least a majority of our outstanding shares of common stock, a quorum will exist for the transaction of business at the meeting. Shareholders of record who abstain from voting, including brokers holding their customers’ shares who cause abstentions to be recorded, are counted as present for quorum purposes.
For each share of common stock you hold on the record date, you are entitled to one vote on each of the matters that we will consider at this meeting. You are not entitled to cumulate your votes. Brokers holding shares of record for their customers generally are not entitled to vote on certain matters unless their customers give them specific voting instructions. If the broker does not receive specific instructions, the broker will note this on the proxy form or otherwise advise us that it lacks voting authority. The votes that the brokers would have cast if their customers had given them specific instructions are commonly called “broker non-votes.” Broker non-votes will be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present, but will not be counted or deemed to be present or represented for the purpose of determining whether shareholders have approved a matter.

With respect to the election of our director nominees, the seven candidates who receive the highest number of affirmative votes will be elected. Votes against a candidate and votes withheld from voting for a candidate will have no effect on the election.

The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the meeting by the holders of shares entitled to vote is required to approve Proposal No. 2 (ratification of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accountants for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014), Proposal No. 3 (the approval of an increase in the number of authorized shares of our common stock), Proposal No. 4 (the approval of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan) and Proposal No. 5 (the approval of our 2014 Non-Employee Directors Incentive Award Plan). The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the meeting by the holders of shares entitled to vote is required to approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, Proposal No. 6 (advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers).  An abstention from voting on these matters will be treated as “present” for quorum purposes. However, since an abstention is not treated as a “vote” for or against these matters, it will have no effect on the outcome of the vote. Broker non-votes will not be counted and will have no effect on the outcome of the voting for these matters.

We will pay for the cost of preparing, assembling, printing and mailing this proxy statement and the accompanying form of proxy to our shareholders, as well as the cost of soliciting proxies relating to the meeting. We have requested banks and brokers to solicit their customers who beneficially own our common stock in nominee name. We will reimburse these banks and brokers for their reasonable out-of-pocket expenses regarding these solicitations. Our officers, directors and employees may supplement this solicitation of proxies by telephone and personal solicitation. We will pay no additional compensation to our officers, directors and employees for these activities. We have engaged MacKenzie Partners, Inc. as our proxy solicitor to solicit proxies for us, at an anticipated cost of approximately $25,000.  In addition to the use of the mails, solicitation may be made by our proxy solicitor or our employees personally or by telephone, facsimile or electronic transmission.

PROPOSAL NO. 1
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS

We are asking our shareholders to elect seven members to serve on our Board of Directors for a one-year term of office or until their respective successors are elected and qualified. Our Board of Directors has nominated the seven individuals named below for election as directors. Each nominee has agreed to serve as a director if elected.

Each of our nominees, Selwyn Joffe, Mel Marks, Scott Adelson, Rudolph Borneo, Philip Gay, Duane Miller and Jeffrey Mirvis, is currently serving as a director. Our directors will hold office until the next annual meeting of shareholders, or until their successors are elected and qualified. All of our current Board of Directors members were elected at the last shareholders meeting.

The persons named as proxies in the accompanying form of proxy have advised us that at the meeting they will vote for the election of the nominees named below, unless a contrary direction is indicated. If any of these nominees becomes unavailable for election to our Board of Directors for any reason, the persons named as proxies have discretionary authority to vote for one or more alternative nominees designated by our Board of Directors.

No arrangement or understanding exists between any nominee and any other person or persons pursuant to which any nominee was or is to be selected as a director.
The Board of Directors recommends that shareholders vote FOR each of the nominees named below.

Information Concerning our Board of Directors and our Nominees to our Board of Directors

The nominees for election to our Board of Directors, their ages and present positions with the Company, are as follows:

Name
Age
Position with the Company
Selwyn Joffe
56
Chairman of the Board of Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer
Mel Marks
86
Director and Consultant
Scott J. Adelson
53
Director
Rudolph J. Borneo
72
Director, Chairman of the Compensation Committee and member of the Audit, Ethics and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees
Philip Gay
56
Director, Chairman of the Audit Committee and Ethics Committee, and member of the Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees
Duane Miller
66
Director, member of the Audit, Compensation, Ethics and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees
Jeffrey Mirvis
50
Director, member of the Audit, Compensation Committees

Selwyn Joffe has been our Chairman of the Board of Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer since February 2003. He has been a director of our Company since 1994 and Chairman since November 1999. From 1995 until his election to his present positions, he served as a consultant to us. Prior to February 2003, Mr. Joffe was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Protea Group, Inc. a company specializing in consulting and acquisition services. From September 2000 to December 2001, Mr. Joffe served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Netlock Technologies, a company that specializes in securing network communications. In 1997, Mr. Joffe co-founded Palace Entertainment, Inc., a roll-up of amusement parks and served as its President and Chief Operating Officer until August 2000. Prior to the founding of Palace Entertainment, Inc., Mr. Joffe was the President and Chief Executive Officer of Wolfgang Puck Food Company from 1989 to 1996. Mr. Joffe is a graduate of Emory University with degrees in both Business and Law and is a member of the bar of the State of Georgia as well as a Certified Public Accountant. As our most senior executive, Mr. Joffe provides the Board of Directors with insight into our business operations, management and strategic opportunities. His history with our Company and industry experience have led the Board of Directors to conclude that he should serve as a director of our Company.

Mel Marks founded our Company in 1968. Mr. Marks served as our Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer from that time until July 1999. Prior to founding our Company, Mr. Marks was employed for over 20 years by Beck/Arnley-Worldparts, a division of Echlin, Inc. (one of the largest importers and distributors of parts for imported cars), where he served as Vice President. Mr. Marks has continued to serve as a consultant and director to us since July 1999. Mr. Marks’s 46-year history with our Company in addition to his wealth of industry knowledge and experience have led the Board of Directors to conclude that he should serve as a director of our Company.

Scott J. Adelson joined our Board of Directors on April 11, 2008. Mr. Adelson is also a director and member of the compensation committee of QAD Inc., a public software company, since April 2006. Mr. Adelson is a Senior Managing Director and Global Co-Head of Corporate Finance for Houlihan Lokey, a leading international investment bank. During his 25 plus years with the firm, Mr. Adelson has helped advise hundreds of companies on a diverse and in-depth variety of corporate finance issues, including mergers and acquisitions. Mr. Adelson has written extensively on a number of corporate finance and securities valuation subjects. He is an active member of Board of Directors of various privately-held middle-market businesses as well as several recognized non-profit organizations, such as the USC Entrepreneur Program. Mr. Adelson holds a bachelor degree from the University of Southern California and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Chicago, Graduate School of Business. Mr. Adelson’s broad business skills and experience, leadership expertise, knowledge of complex global business and financial matters have led the Board of Directors to conclude that he should serve as a director of our Company.
Rudolph J. Borneo joined our Board of Directors on November 30, 2004. Mr. Borneo retired from R.H. Macy’s, Inc. on March 31, 2009. At the time of his retirement, his position was Vice Chairman and Director of Stores of Macy’s West, a division of R.H. Macy’s, Inc. Mr. Borneo served as President of Macy’s California from 1989 to 1992 and President of R.H. Macy’s West from 1992 until his appointment as Vice Chairman and Director of Stores in February 1995. In addition, Mr. Borneo is currently Board Chairman of Smoke Eaters Hot Wings Inc., a privately-held company.  He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in business administration from Monmouth University.  Mr. Borneo is the Chairman of our Compensation Committee and a member of our Audit, Ethics and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees. Mr. Borneo’s extensive experience in management of employees, organizational management, general business and retail knowledge and financial literacy have led the Board of Directors to conclude that he should serve as a director of our Company.

Philip Gay joined our Board of Directors on November 30, 2004. He chairs our Audit and Ethics Committees and is a member of our Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees. Mr. Gay currently serves as Managing Director of Triple Enterprises, a business advisory service firm that assists mid-cap sized companies with financing, mergers and acquisitions and strategic financing, which he had previously managed from March 2000 until June 2004. From June 2004 until June 2010, Mr. Gay served as President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director of Grill Concepts, Inc., a company that operates a chain of upscale casual restaurants throughout the United States. From March 2000 to November 2001, Mr. Gay served as an independent consultant with El Paso Energy from time to time and assisted El Paso Energy with its efforts to reduce overall operating and manufacturing overhead costs. Previously he has served as chief financial officer for California Pizza Kitchen (1987 to 1994) and Wolfgang Puck Food Company (1994 to 1996), and he has held various Chief Operating Officer and Chief Executive Officer positions at Color Me Mine and Diversified Food Group from 1996 to 2000. Mr. Gay is also a retired Certified Public Accountant, a former audit manager at Laventhol and Horwath and a graduate of the London School of Economics. Mr. Gay’s leadership experience, general business knowledge, financial literacy and expertise, accounting skills and competency and overall financial acumen have led the Board of Directors to conclude that he should serve as a director of our Company.

Duane Miller joined our Board of Directors on June 5, 2008. Mr. Miller is currently employed by the Genesee County Regional Chamber of Commerce as Executive Vice President. Prior to joining the Genesee County Regional Chamber of Commerce, he was employed by the City of Flint, Michigan, as the Director of Government Operations, from February 2009 to August 2009. Mr. Miller retired from General Motors Corporation in April 2008 after 37 years of service. At the time of his retirement, Mr. Miller served as executive director, GM Service and Parts Operations (“SPO”) Field Operations where he was responsible for all SPO field activities, running GM Parts (OE), AC Delco (after-market) and GM Accessories business channels, as well as SPO’s Global Independent Aftermarket. Mr. Miller served on the Board of Directors of OEConnection, an automotive ecommerce organization focused on applying technology to provide supply chain solutions and analysis. He currently serves on the Boards of Directors of McLaren Regional Medical Center in Flint, Michigan and Prima Civitas Foundation, headquartered in Lansing, Michigan. His experience also includes serving on the Boards of Directors of the Urban League of Flint, Michigan, the Boys and Girls Club of Flint, Michigan and the Flint/Genesee County Convention and Visitor’s Bureau. Mr. Miller earned a Bachelor of Science degree in marketing from Western Michigan University, and attended the Executive Development Program at the University of California Berkeley, Haas School of Business. Mr. Miller is a member of our Audit, Compensation, Ethics and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees. Mr. Miller’s significant experience with the automotive parts industry, combined with his organizational, management and business understanding, have led the Board of Directors to conclude that he should serve as a director of our Company.

Jeffrey Mirvis   joined our Board of Directors on February 3, 2009. Mr. Mirvis is currently the Chief Executive Officer of MGT Industries, Inc. (“MGT”), a privately-held apparel company based in Los Angeles. As Chief Executive Officer of MGT, Mr. Mirvis successfully moved all production and sourcing to Asia. During his twelve-year tenure as chief executive, Mr. Mirvis has gained valuable knowledge of manufacturing in Asia. Prior to joining MGT in 1990, Mr. Mirvis served as a commercial loan officer at Union Bank of California following his completion of the Union Bank of California’s Commercial Lending Program. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from the University of California at Santa Barbara. He has been as a board member of Wildwood School in Los Angeles and the Jewish Federation in Los Angeles. Mr. Mirvis is a member of our Audit and Compensation Committees. Mr. Mirvis’ international business experience, operational and production expertise, leadership experience and organizational management have led the Board of Directors to conclude he should serve as a director of our Company.
Code of Ethics

Our Board of Directors formally approved the creation of our Ethics Committee on May 8, 2003 and adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, which applies to all our officers, directors and employees. The Ethics Committee is currently comprised of Philip Gay, who serves as Chairman, Rudolph Borneo and Duane Miller. The Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and a copy is posted on our website at www.motorcarparts.com.  We intend to disclose future amendments to certain provisions of the code, or waivers of such provisions granted to executive officers and directors, on our website within four business days following the date of such amendment or waivers. We will provide a copy of the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics to any person without charge, upon request addressed to the Corporate Secretary at Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., 2929 California Street, Torrance, CA 90503.

Information about Our Non-Director Executive Officers and Significant Employees

Our executive officers (other than executive officers who are also members of our Board of Directors) and significant employees, their ages and present positions with our Company, are as follows:

Name
Age
Position with the Company
Kevin Daly
54
Chief Accounting Officer
Steve Kratz
59
Chief Operating Officer
David Lee
44
Chief Financial Officer
Michael Umansky
72
Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel

Our executive officers are appointed by and serve at the discretion of our Board of Directors. A brief description of the business experience of each of our executive officers other than executive officers who are also members of our Board of Directors and significant employees is set forth below.

Our executive officers are appointed by and serve at the discretion of our Board of Directors. A brief description of the business experience of each of our executive officers other than executive officers who are also members of our Board of Directors and significant employees is set forth below.

Kevin Daly has been our Chief Accounting Officer since February 2008.  Prior to this, Mr. Daly served as our Vice President, Controller since he joined us in January 2006. From May 2000 until he joined our Company, Mr. Daly served as Corporate Controller for Leiner Health Products Inc., a private label manufacturer of vitamins and over-the-counter pharmaceutical products based in Carson, California. From November 1994 until May 2000, Mr. Daly held various director level finance positions at Dexter Corporation. From November 1988 until October 1994, he held various positions in the finance and controller’s departments of FMC Corporation, based in Chicago, Illinois. From June 1985 to November 1988, Mr. Daly served as Controller of Bio-logic Systems Corp. Mr. Daly is a Certified Public Accountant and worked in the firm of Laventhol & Horwath from 1981 to 1985. Mr. Daly has a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from the University of Illinois and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Chicago, Booth Graduate School of Business.

Steve Kratz has been our Chief Operating Officer since May 2007. Prior to this, Mr. Kratz served as our Vice President-QA/Engineering since 2001. Mr. Kratz joined our Company in April 1988. Before joining us, Mr. Kratz was the General Manager of GKN Products Company, a division of Beck/Arnley-Worldparts. In addition to serving as our Chief Operating Officer, Mr. Kratz heads our quality assurance, research and development, engineering and information technology departments.
David Lee has been our Chief Financial Officer since February 2008. Prior to this, Mr. Lee served as our Vice President of Finance and Strategic Planning since January 2006, focusing primarily on financial management and strategic planning. Mr. Lee joined us in February 2005 as a Director of Finance and Strategic Planning. His primary responsibilities as Chief Financial Officer are treasury, budgeting and financial management. From August 2002 until he joined us in 2005, he served as corporate controller of Palace Entertainment, Inc., an amusement and water park organization. Prior to this, Mr. Lee held various corporate controller and finance positions for several domestic companies and served in the audit department of Deloitte LLP (formerly known as Deloitte & Touche LLP). Mr. Lee is a Certified Public Accountant. Mr. Lee earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from the University of California, San Diego, and a Masters in Business Administration degree from the University of California Los Angeles Anderson School of Management.

Michael Umansky has been our Vice President and General Counsel since January 2004 and is responsible for all legal matters. His responsibilities also include the oversight of Human Resources. His additional appointment as Secretary became effective September 1, 2005. Mr. Umansky was a partner of Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP, and the founding and managing partner of its Los Angeles office from 1975 until 1997 and was Of Counsel to that firm from 1998 to July 2001. Immediately prior to joining our Company, Mr. Umansky was in the private practice of law, and during 2002 and 2003, he provided legal services to us. From February 2000 until March 2001, Mr. Umansky was Vice President, Administration and Legal, of Hiho Technologies, Inc., a venture capital financed producer of workforce management software. Mr. Umansky is admitted to practice law in California and New York and is a graduate of The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and Harvard Law School.

There are no family relationships among our directors or named executive officers. There are no material proceedings to which any of our directors or executive officers or any of their associates, is a party adverse to us or any of our subsidiaries, or has a material interest adverse to us or any of our subsidiaries. To our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers has been convicted in a criminal proceeding during the last ten years (excluding traffic violations or similar misdemeanors), and none of our directors or executive officers was a party to any judicial or administrative proceeding during the last ten years (except for any matters that were dismissed without sanction or settlement) that resulted in a judgment, decree or final order enjoining the person from future violations of, or prohibiting activities subject to, federal or state securities laws, or a finding of any violation of federal or state securities laws.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires our directors and executive officers, and persons who own more than ten percent of our common stock, to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of our common stock and other equity securities. Based solely on our review of copies of such forms received by us, or written representations from reporting persons that no such forms were required for those persons, we believe that our insiders complied with all applicable Section 16(a) filing requirements during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013 with the following exceptions: Mr. Mirvis filed a report due on March 8, 2013 on February 4, 2014; Mr. Gay filed a report due on December 2, 2013 on February 7, 2014; Mr. Marks filed a report due on February 22, 2013 on February 27, 2013; and Mr. Gay filed a report due on December 2, 2013 on February 7, 2014.

Executive Compensation

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

The following discussion and analysis of compensation arrangements of our named executive officers for fiscal 2013 should be read together with the compensation tables and related disclosures set forth below. This discussion contains certain forward-looking statements that are based on our current plans, considerations, expectations and determinations regarding future compensation programs. Actual compensation programs that we adopt in the future may differ materially from currently planned programs as summarized in this discussion.

Executive Compensation Summary.

Our named executive officers are:  Selwyn Joffe, Chairman of the Board of Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer; Kevin Daly, Chief Accounting Officer; Steve Kratz, Chief Operating Officer; David Lee, Chief Financial Officer; Doug Schooner, Vice President, Manufacturing; and Michael Umansky, Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel.  The retention of experienced, highly-capable and dedicated executives is crucial to the long-term success of our Company. To achieve the goal of recruiting, retaining and motivating our executives, our Compensation Committee has developed an overall executive compensation program that rewards these employees for their contributions to our Company.
The primary objectives of our practices with respect to executive compensation are to:

· Provide appropriate incentives to our executive officers to implement our strategic business objectives and achieve the desired company performance;

· Reward our executive officers for their contribution to our success in building long-term shareholder value; and

· Provide compensation that will attract and retain superior talent and reward performance.

Compensation Components.

With our compensation objectives in mind, our executive officer compensation program consists of five primary elements: (1) base salary; (2) an annual bonus; (3) long-term incentive compensation in the form of stock options; (4) non-qualified deferred compensation arrangements; and (5) coverage under our broad-based employee benefit plans, such as our group health and 401(k) plans, and executive perquisites.

Base Salary. Base salary is the “fixed” component of our executive compensation intended to meet the objective of attracting and retaining the executive officers of superior talent that are necessary to manage and lead our Company.

Annual Bonus. We utilize annual bonuses that are designed to provide incentives to motivate the achievement of strategic business objectives, desired company performance and individual performance goals.

Equity Award Program. Equity awards are a part of our overall executive compensation program because we believe that our long-term performance will be enhanced through the use of equity awards that reward our executives for maximizing shareholder value over time. We have historically elected to use stock options that vest over time as the primary long-term equity incentive vehicle to promote retention of our key executives. Although we have not adopted formal stock ownership guidelines, our named directors and executive officers currently hold a significant portion of our fully-diluted common stock, substantially through the ownership of stock options. In determining the number of stock options and/or shares of restricted stock to be granted to executives, we historically have taken into account the individual’s position, scope of responsibility, ability to affect profits and shareholder value and the value of the stock options in relation to other elements of the individual executive’s total compensation. In fiscal 2011, we adopted our 2010 Incentive Award Plan, and we amended this plan in fiscal 2013 to increase the number of shares of our common stock available for grant under the plan to 1,750,000.  This amendment was approved by our stockholders at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on March 28, 2013. Our Compensation Committee issued the first equity-related grants under the 2010 Incentive Award Plan during fiscal 2013.

Deferred Compensation Benefits. We offer a non-qualified deferred compensation plan to selected executive officers which provides unfunded, non-tax qualified deferred compensation benefits. We believe this program helps promote the retention of our senior executives. Participants may elect to contribute a portion of their compensation to the plan, and we make matching contributions of 25% of each participant’s elective contributions to the plan up to 6% of the participant’s compensation for the year. Contributions for fiscal 2013 and year-end account balances for those executive officers can be found in the Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation table.

Other Benefits. We provide to our executive officers medical benefits that are generally available to our other employees. Executives are also eligible to participate in our other broad-based employee benefit plans, such as our long and short-term disability, life insurance and 401(k) plans. Historically, the value of executive perquisites, as determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC related to executive compensation, has not exceeded 10% of the base salary of any of our executives.

Determination of Compensation.

The Compensation Committee is responsible for establishing, developing and maintaining our executive compensation program. The role of the Compensation Committee is to oversee our compensation and benefits plans and policies, administer our equity incentive plans and review and approve all compensation decisions relating to all executive officers and directors. In order for the Compensation Committee to perform its function, the following process for determining executive compensation decisions has been followed.  In addition to the process outlined below, the Compensation Committee also may grant bonuses based on criteria developed independently of the process described below (any such bonuses are referred to as “Non-OGSM Bonuses”).
Determining Goals. Prior to the beginning of each fiscal year, senior executives and department heads consult with each other and establish the Objective Goals Strategies and Measures (the “OGSM”) for our Company. The OGSM sets forth performance goals for each department of our Company and certain employees for the upcoming fiscal year. The OGSM provides a basis for developing a base financial operating plan for the upcoming fiscal year. The base financial operating plan, which is developed in conjunction with the OGSM process, is reviewed and approved by our Board of Directors.

On a quarterly basis, the Board of Directors reviews the actual financial performance of our Company against the goals set forth in the base financial operating plan. In addition, the members of the Board of Directors receive interim reports detailing the actual financial performance of our Company compared to the base financial operating plan.

Determining Executive Compensation.

Our method of determining compensation varies based on the Compensation Committee’s discretionary and subjective determination of what is appropriate at the time. In determining specific components of compensation, the Compensation Committee considers individual performance, level of responsibility, skills and experience, and/or other compensation awards or arrangements.

Base Salaries.  Our general policy for setting base salaries of our named executive officers is to only increase such salaries in the case of promotions or significant increases to an officer’s duties and responsibilities. Such increases to base salaries are reviewed by the Compensation Committee on a case-by-case basis. There were no salary increases in fiscal 2013 except for an increase in Mr. Umansky’s salary from $406,000 to $506,000, which took effect on April 1, 2012, and was based on an increase in his role and responsibilities.  The salaries reflected in our Summary Compensation Table reflect increases that took effect on February 1, 2012 except for the increase in of Mr. Umansky’s salary.

Cash Bonuses.  At the end of the fiscal year, department heads assess their progress against the base financial operating plan and evaluate their results. These self-assessments are presented to the Chief Executive Officer who then undertakes his own evaluation of the executives’ performance. This involves a two-step process whereby the Chief Executive Officer evaluates: (i) our Company’s actual financial performance against the budget, taking into account events that may be beyond the control of any given named executive officer’s performance initiatives and (ii) each named executive officer’s performance against his performance goals. Performance is evaluated in a non-formulaic manner with no specific weighting given to the performance measures. The Chief Executive Officer considers both the financial performance of our Company and individual performance relative to each performance goal of the named executive officers to develop bonus recommendations for each named executive officer guided by the framework of our compensation consultant’s most recent review.

The Compensation Committee reviews the performance evaluations of the named executive officers and assesses the specific OGSM goals and execution of such goals for each named executive officer. The Chief Executive Officer then presents his bonus recommendations for the named executive officers to the Compensation Committee (the “OGSM-based Bonus Recommendations”). The Compensation Committee then decides whether to approve or adjust the OGSM Bonus Recommendations. The Compensation Committee evaluates all of the factors considered by the Chief Executive Officer and reviews the compensation summaries for each named executive officer, including base salary, bonus, equity awards (if any), deferred compensation benefits and other benefits. In determining specific components of compensation, the Compensation Committee considers individual performance, level of responsibility, skills and experience, and other compensation awards or arrangements. These measures are evaluated in a non-formulaic manner with no specific weighting given to any specific objectives or goals. Based on its review and evaluation, the Compensation Committee, in its sole discretion, makes the final determination of the bonuses to be paid to the named executive officers (the “OGSM Bonuses”) based on the OGSM process described above and after into account any other factors (including factors that were not performance objectives) that it deems relevant in its discretion, and reports its decisions to the entire Board of Directors.
Annual Review.  Our Compensation Committee performs an annual review of our compensation policies, including the appropriate mix of base salary, bonuses and long-term incentive compensation. The Compensation Committee also reviews and approves all long-term incentive compensation and other benefits (including our 401(k) and our non-qualified deferred compensation plan).

Determining Chief Executive Officer Compensation.

The Compensation Committee is responsible for evaluating the performance of Mr. Joffe, our Chief Executive Officer, and setting his annual compensation. In determining these elements of compensation for Mr. Joffe, the Compensation Committee considered the contributions Mr. Joffe has made to our Company both from strategic and operational perspectives. The Compensation Committee reviews the key operating results and key strategic initiatives of our Company against the goals and base financial plan contained in the OGSM to determine if the Chief Executive Officer has achieved the goal of strategically enhancing our Company while maintaining favorable operating metrics. The Compensation Committee also takes into consideration the standard of living of the Los Angeles vicinity in which our corporate offices are located. The Compensation Committee separately reviews all relevant information, including reports provided by its outside compensation consultant, Towers Watson, and arrives at its decision for the Chief Executive Officer’s total compensation. The Chief Executive Officer’s performance is evaluated in a non-formulaic manner with no specific weighting given to any one of the performance measures. Mr. Joffe does not participate in any decision regarding his compensation. On May 18, 2012, we entered into a new employment agreement with Mr. Joffe which sets his base salary at $600,000.  Mr. Joffe’s base salary will be reviewed from time to time in accordance with the Company’s established procedures for adjusting salaries of similarly situated employees. See the “Employment Agreements” section below for a further discussion of certain compensation amounts payable to Mr. Joffe pursuant to his employment agreement. Upon making its determination, the Compensation Committee reports its recommendations concerning Mr. Joffe’s annual compensation to the entire Board of Directors.

Compensation Committee Consultant.

The Compensation Committee has retained Towers Watson as its outside compensation consultant. Towers Watson does not perform any other consulting work or any other services for our Company, reports directly to the Compensation Committee, and takes direction from the Chairman of the Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee has assessed the independence of Towers Watson pursuant to the rules prescribed by the SEC and has concluded that no conflict of interest existed in 2013 or currently exists that would prevent Towers Watson from serving as an independent consultant to the Compensation Committee.

The Compensation Committee engaged Towers Watson to prepare a complete competitive assessment of our executive compensation practices in 2004, an updated assessment of the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer in 2006, a complete executive compensation assessment in 2009 and a complete executive compensation review in 2011 and an updated assessment of the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer in 2012 (completed in fiscal 2013).

The Compensation Committee considers analysis and advice from Towers Watson when making compensation decisions for the Chief Executive Officer and other named executive officers. Towers Watson’s work for the Compensation Committee includes data analysis, market assessments, and preparation of related reports.

Peer Group.

While the Compensation Committee does not undertake a formalized benchmarking process, it does review the assessment provided by its outside consultant detailing the competitiveness of our executive compensation relative to our peer group when making its executive compensation decisions. Our peer group for compensation purposes includes Amerigon Inc., Dorman Products Inc., Drew Industries Inc., Fuel Systems Solutions, Inc., Gentex Corp., Modine Manufacturing Co., Remy International, Inc., Shiloh Industries Inc., Spartan Motors Inc., Standard Motor Products Inc., Stoneridge Inc., Strattec Security Corp. and Superior Industries International Inc. In 2013, the Compensation Committee determined that the peer companies from Towers Watson’s 2011 executive compensation review remained an appropriate basis for comparison.

Named Executive Officer Compensation Decisions (Other than the Chief Executive Officer).
The Compensation Committee made compensation decisions for each of the named executive officers (other than the Chief Executive Officer) with respect to OGSM Bonuses following the process described above, in each case the performance goals apply with respect to both the Company’s rotating electrical and undercar businesses:

Kevin Daly, Chief Accounting Officer

· Provide timely and accurate services and information to our management, Board of Directors and other stakeholders
· Improve top-level financial knowledge and accounting controls and maintain regulatory compliance
with accounting standards and practices
· Keep abreast of all financial accounting pronouncements that may affect our financial reporting or financial strategies

David Lee, Chief Financial Officer

· Monitor all metrics that may have an impact on our financial performance
· Maintain an effective treasury function, including budgeting and forecasting
· Manage our cash flows
· Minimize the loan and interest expenses we incur
· Manage our shareholder relations

Steve Kratz, Chief Operating Officer

· Evaluate and manage the key operating metrics for us
· Increase quality of our product
· Implement strategies aimed at reducing our product costs and warranty rates
· Manage our recovery operations
· Improve our customer support services
· Manage and improve the performance of our information technology systems

Doug Schooner, Vice President, Manufacturing

· Maximize all manufacturing efficiencies to ensure fill rates to our customers
· Ensure the quality of our products through the manufacturing process
· Maintain appropriate levels of offshore production volume and capacity
· Maintain a global manufacturing and multifunctional support group
· Reorganize special order department to maintain ability of changing unit technology
· Complete the reorganization of the production shop
· Maintain our recovery remanufacturing process
· Improve product costs

Michael Umansky, Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel

· Limit our legal and other risk exposure
· Manage any litigation
· Control our legal and insurance costs
· Maintain our compliance standards, including compliance with SEC rules and regulations
· Manage our investor relations communications
· Develop and protect intellectual property for our business processes
· Advise on and implement any transactional business opportunities, including acquisitions, financings,
SEC correspondence and customer contracts
· Oversee certain administrative functions, including human resource functions
· Determine and negotiate all required insurance
· Supervise contractual obligations

After the submission of its Compensation Committee Report for inclusion in the 10-K/A filed on July 29, 2013, the Compensation Committee made its final determination of OGSM Bonuses and reported its decision regarding such bonuses to the entire Board of Directors.  The named executive officers’ Non-OGSM Bonuses and OGSM Bonuses for fiscal 2013 are set forth below.

Name
 
Non-OGSM Bonus
   
OGSM Bonus
 
 
 
  
   
  
 
David Lee
 
$
31,267
   
$
65,000
 
Kevin Daly
 
$
16,767
   
$
65,000
 
Steve Kratz
 
$
37,267
   
$
95,000
 
Michael Umansky
 
$
22,433
   
$
80,000
 
Doug Schooner
 
$
71,767
   
$
80,000
 

The amounts of the Non-OGSM Bonuses set forth above were determined by the Compensation Committee in its discretion based on, among other things, proposed equity awards that were not granted to our named executive officers.

Chief Executive Officer Compensation Decisions.

The Compensation Committee made decisions for the Chief Executive Officer’s fiscal 2013 bonuses (other than the Non-OGSM Bonus) following the process described above and has established the following key individual performance goals:

· Overall responsibility for the financial results of the Company
· Develop key strategies in all areas aimed at driving our Company value
· Strengthen our relationships with key customers through long-term arrangements
· Ensure appropriate information is communicated to our Board of Directors
· Ensure that the appropriate management team and corporate focus is in place
· Develop an appropriate succession plan
· Maintain the appropriate financial structure for our Company, including, but not limited to, budgets and operating focus
· Make decisions on all key initiatives proposed by senior management
· Build sales
· Evaluate and propose systems and initiatives for continuous improvement in all disciplines of our business
· Identify and drive any acquisitions
· Integrate acquired businesses
· Prepare the infrastructure and develop plans to grow the Company

The Compensation Committee did not review Mr. Joffe’s base salary after it was increased to $600,000 pursuant to the New Employment Agreement.  The Compensation Committee determined that Mr. Joffe would receive a Non-OGSM Bonus at $125,000 based on the same criteria used to set the amounts of the other Non-OGSM Bonuses paid in fiscal 2013.

After the submission of its Compensation Committee Report for inclusion in the 10-K/A filed on July 29, 2013, the Compensation Committee made its final determination of OGSM Bonuses based on fiscal 2013 performance and reported its decision regarding such bonuses to the entire Board of Directors.  The Compensation Committee approved an OGSM Bonus of $350,000 for Mr. Joffe.

Pursuant to Mr. Joffe’s new employment agreement, he also received a $250,000 bonus upon signing the agreement and a guaranteed bonus of $500,000 payable in installments over three years.  In connection with the stock option granted to Mr. Joffe on December 28, 2012, he also received a cash bonus of $162,607 to cover his tax obligations arising in connection with the grant, transferability and/or delivery of such stock options.

Tax Considerations

Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (the “Code”) generally disallows a tax deduction for annual compensation in excess of $1.0 million paid to our named executive officers. Qualifying performance-based compensation (within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code and regulations) is not subject to the deduction limitation if specified requirements are met. We generally intend to structure the performance-based portion of our executive compensation, when feasible, to comply with exemptions in Section 162(m) so that the compensation paid may be tax deductible to us. However, our Board of Directors or Compensation Committee may, in its judgment, authorize compensation payments that do not comply with the exemptions in Section 162(m) when it believes that such payments are appropriate to attract and retain executive talent.

In limited circumstances, we may agree to make certain items of income payable to our named executive officers tax-neutral to them. Accordingly, we have agreed to gross-up certain payments to our Chief Executive Officer to cover any excise taxes (and related income taxes on the “gross-up” payment) that he may be obligated to pay with respect to the first $3,000,000 of “parachute payments” (as defined in Section 280G of the Code) to be made to him upon a change of control of our Company.
Compensation Committee Report

The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with management and, based on such review and discussions, the Compensation Committee recommended to our Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

By Members of the Compensation Committee

Rudolph Borneo, Chairman
Philip Gay
Duane Miller
Jeffrey Mirvis

Compensation Risk Analysis

The preceding “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” section generally describes our compensation policies, plans and practices that are applicable for our executives and management. Our Compensation Committee reviews the relationship between our risk management policies and practices, corporate strategy and compensation practices. Our Compensation Committee has determined that these plans and practices, as applied to all of our employees, including our executive officers, does not encourage excessive risk taking at any level of our Company. The Compensation Committee does not believe that risks arising from its compensation plans, policies or practices are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our Company.
Summary Compensation Table

The following table sets forth information concerning fiscal 2013 compensation of our named executive officers.

Name & Principal Position
 
Salary
   
Bonus (1)
   
Stock Awards
   
Option Awards (2)
   
Change in Pension Value and Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings (3)
   
All Other Compensation (4)
   
Total
 
Selwyn Joffe, Chairman of the Board, President and CEO
 
$
586,923
   
$
1,387,707
   
$
330,539
   
$
682,556
   
$
-
   
$
565,442
   
$
3,553,167
 
David Lee,
Chief Financial Officer
 
$
220,000
   
$
96,267
   
$
-
   
$
90,442
   
$
-
   
$
56,977
   
$
463,686
 
Kevin Daly,
Chief Accounting Officer
 
$
208,000
   
$
81,767
   
$
-
   
$
48,294
   
$
-
   
$
22,334
   
$
360,395
 
Steve Kratz,
Chief Operating Officer
 
$
350,000
   
$
132,267
   
$
-
   
$
108,003
   
$
-
   
$
19,448
   
$
609,718
 
Michael Umansky, Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel
 
$
506,000
   
$
102,433
   
$
-
   
$
64,977
   
$
35,977
   
$
52,063
   
$
761,450
 
Doug Schooner, Vice President, Manufacturing
 
$
250,000
   
$
151,767
   
$
-
   
$
62,929
   
$
189
   
$
58,377
   
$
523,262
 

(1) Bonus amounts for each named executive officer represent the OGSM and Non-OGSM bonuses earned for fiscal year 2013, a signing bonus for Mr. Joffe made pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, and an additional bonus for Mr. Joffe to cover his tax withholding obligations arising in connection with a stock option granted to him in December 2012.  Amounts also include a $100 bonus paid to each of the Company’s employees during December of each year, including the named executive officers.
(2) Option award amounts represent the aggregate grant date fair value of options granted.  Information regarding the assumptions used to calculate the value of the option awards is included in note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in our Report on 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013.
(3) All amounts represent nonqualified deferred compensation earnings.
(4) The following chart is a summary of the items that are included in the “All Other Compensation” totals:

 
 
 
Name
 
Automobile Expenses
   
Health Insurance Premiums
   
401K Employer’s Contribution
   
Deferred Compensation Plan Employer’s Contribution
   
Other (1)
   
Total
 
Selwyn Joffe
 
$
20,586
   
$
77,830
   
$
4,717
   
$
-
   
$
462,310
   
$
565,442
 
David Lee
 
$
-
   
$
53,830
   
$
3,147
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
56,977
 
Kevin Daly
 
$
-
   
$
18,884
   
$
3,450
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
22,334
 
Steve Kratz
 
$
-
   
$
18,884
   
$
564
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
19,448
 
Michael Umansky
 
$
2,190
   
$
37,557
   
$
4,090
   
$
8,226
   
$
-
   
$
52,063
 
Doug Schooner
 
$
-
   
$
53,830
   
$
4,547
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
58,377
 

(1)
$462,310 of other compensation paid to Mr. Joffe consists of $454,675, which is the net purchase price of options held by him that were purchased by the Company in January 2013 pursuant to an option purchase agreement and $7,635 is the compensation expense in connection with the 1,500 options exercised in April 2012.
 
2013 Grants of Plan-Based Awards

The following table sets forth information concerning grants of plan-based awards made to our named executive officers in fiscal 2013.

Name
Grant Date
 
All Other Stock Awards: Number of Shares of Stock or Units
   
All Other Option Awards: Number of Securities Underlying Options (1)
   
Exercise or Base Price of Option Awards (2)
   
Grant Date Fair Value of Stock and Option Awards
 
Selwyn Joffe
12/28/2012
   
51,167
     
-
   
$
-
   
$
330,539
 
Selwyn Joffe
12/28/2012
   
-
     
109,100
   
$
6.46
   
$
319,326
 
Selwyn Joffe
12/28/2012
   
-
     
124,100
   
$
6.46
   
$
363,230
 
David Lee
12/28/2012
   
-
     
30,900
   
$
6.46
   
$
90,442
 
Kevin Daly
12/28/2012
   
-
     
16,500
   
$
6.46
   
$
48,294
 
Steve Kratz
12/28/2012
   
-
     
36,900
   
$
6.46
   
$
108,003
 
Michael Umansky
12/28/2012
   
-
     
22,200
   
$
6.46
   
$
64,977
 
Doug Schooner
12/28/2012
   
-
     
21,500
   
$
6.46
   
$
62,929
 

(1) The options vest in three equal installments beginning each anniversary from the grant date, December 28, 2012, subject to continued employment.
(2) The exercise prices of the options are the closing prices of our common stock as quoted on Nasdaq on the respective grant dates.
Outstanding Equity Awards At Fiscal Year End

The following table summarizes information regarding option awards granted to our named executive officers that remain outstanding as of March 31, 2013.

Name
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options (#) Exercisable vested
   
Number of Securities Underlying Unexcercised Options (#) Unexercisable unvested
   
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Unearned Options (#)
         
Option Exercise Price ($)(2)
 
Option Expiration Date
Selwyn Joffe
                                     
     
100,000
     
-
     
-
            
$
6.345
 
01/13/2014
     
200,000
     
-
     
-
           
$
9.270
 
07/20/2014
     
150,000
     
-
     
-
            
$
10.010
 
11/02/2015
     
250,000
     
-
     
-
          
$
12.000
 
08/29/2016
     
109,100
     
-
     
-
          
$
6.460
 
12/27/2022
      
41,367
     
-
     
82,733
   
(1)
 
 
$
6.460
 
12/27/2022
David Lee
                                       
     
5,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
10.10
 
11/02/2015
     
2,500
     
-
     
-
         
$
12.00
 
08/29/2016
     
10,300
     
-
     
20,600
   
(1)
 
 
$
6.46
 
12/27/2022
Kevin Daly
                                        
     
5,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
10.15
 
01/03/2016
     
2,500
     
-
     
-
         
$
12.00
 
08/29/2016
     
5,500
     
-
     
11,000
   
(1)
 
 
$
6.460
 
12/27/2022
Steve Kratz
                                       
     
2,5000
     
-
     
-
         
$
8.70
 
5/11/2014
     
6,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
10.10
 
11/02/2015
     
10,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
12.00
 
08/29/2016
     
12,300
     
-
     
24,600
   
(1)
 
 
$
6.460
 
12/27/2022
Michael Umansky
                                        
     
25,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
10.01
 
11/02/2015
     
20,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
12.00
 
08/29/2016
     
7,400
     
-
     
14,800
   
(1)
 
 
$
6.460
 
12/27/2022
Doug Schooner
                                        
     
12,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
8.70
 
05/11/2014
     
12,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
10.01
 
11/02/2015
     
20,000
     
-
     
-
         
$
12.00
 
08/29/2016
     
7,167
     
-
     
14,333
   
(1)
 
   
6.46
 
12/27/2022
 
(1) This award vests in three equal installments beginning each anniversary from the grant date, December 28, 2012, subject to continued employment.
(2) All options in this table other than the options expiring on 12/27/2022 are fully-vested.  The exercise prices of all options in this table are the closing prices of our common stock as quoted on Nasdaq on the respective grant dates.

Option Exercises and Stock Vested

The following table summarizes the option and stock awards held by our named executive officers that vested during fiscal year 2013.

    
Option Awards
   
Stock Awards
 
Name
   
Number of Shares Acquired on Exercise
   
Value Realized on Exercise (1)
   
Number of Shares Acquired on Vesting
   
Value Realized on Vesting (2)
 
Selwyn Joffe
   
103,000
   
$
462,310
     
51,167
   
$
330,539
 

(1) Value realized on exercise is the excess of the fair market value of the shares acquired on exercise over the exercise price of the options to which such shares were subject.
(2) Value realized on vesting is the fair market value of the shares acquired on vesting.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation

The following table sets forth certain information regarding contributions, earnings and account balances under our Amended and Restated Executive Deferred Compensation Plan, our only defined contribution plan that provides for the deferral of compensation on a basis that is not-tax qualified, for each of the named executive officers as of fiscal year ended March 31, 2013. A description of the material terms and conditions of the Amended and Restated Executive Deferred Compensation Plan follows.

Name
 
Executive Contributions in Last FY (1)
   
Registrant Contributions in Last FY(2)
   
Aggregate Earnings in Last FY
   
Aggregate Withdrawals/Distributions
   
Aggregate Balance at Last FY
 
Michael Umansky
 
$
32,904
   
$
8,226
   
$
27,751
   
$
-
   
$
409,128
 
Doug Schooner
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
189
   
$
-
   
$
1,862
 

(1) The amounts set forth in this column are included in the “Salary” and “Bonus” columns, as applicable, in our “Summary Compensation Table.”
(2) See description of the Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan in the “Grants of Plan Based Awards” section. The following table shows our contribution to each named executive officer’s account:

Name
 
Contribution
   
Interest(1)
   
Total
 
Michael Umansky
 
$
8,226
   
$
-
   
$
8,226
 

(1) No interest is paid by the Company.

Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan

We maintain the Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. Amended and Restated Executive Deferred Compensation Plan, an unfunded, non-qualified deferred compensation plan for a select group of management or highly compensated employees, including our named executive officers. Participants in the plan may elect to defer up to 100% of their gross W-2 compensation. We make matching contributions of 25% of each participant’s elective contributions to the plan, up to 6% of the participant’s compensation for the plan year. The plan is designed to defer taxation to the participant on contributions and notional earnings thereon until distribution thereof in accordance with a participant’s previously made distribution elections. Insurance annuity contracts provide funding for the plan, however, the annuity contracts are owned by us and remain subject to claims of our general creditors.

Employment Agreements

On February 14, 2003, we entered into an employment agreement with Selwyn Joffe pursuant to which he is employed full-time as our President and Chief Executive Officer in addition to serving as our Chairman of the Board of Directors. This agreement, which was negotiated on our behalf by Mel Marks, the then Chairman of the Compensation Committee, and unanimously approved by our Board of Directors, was originally scheduled to expire on March 31, 2006. The February 14, 2003 agreement provided for an annual base salary of $500,000, and participation in our executive bonus program. Pursuant to this agreement, Mr. Joffe remained entitled to receive a transaction fee of 1.0% of the total consideration of any transaction, including any transaction resulting in a change of control, his efforts brought to us that we previously agreed to provide to him as part of a prior consulting agreement with Protea Group, Mr. Joffe’s company. Mr. Joffe also participated in the stock option plans approved by the shareholders and also received other benefits including those generally provided to other employees.

On April 22, 2005, we entered into an amendment to our employment agreement with Mr. Joffe. Under the amendment, Mr. Joffe’s term of employment was extended from March 31, 2006 to March 31, 2008. His base salary, bonus arrangements, 1% transaction fee right and fringe benefits remained unchanged. This amendment was unanimously approved by our Board of Directors.

Before the amendment, Mr. Joffe had the right to terminate his employment upon a change of control and receive his salary and benefits through March 31, 2006. Under the amendment, upon a change of control (which was redefined pursuant to the amendment), Mr. Joffe would have been entitled to a sale bonus equal to the sum of (i) two times his base salary plus (ii) two times his average bonus earned for the two years immediately prior to the change of control. The amendment also granted Mr. Joffe the right to terminate his employment with effect on or after the one year anniversary of a change of control and to then receive salary and benefits for a one year period following such termination plus a bonus equal to the average bonus Mr. Joffe earned during the two years immediately prior to his voluntary termination.
Pursuant to the amendment, if Mr. Joffe had been terminated without cause or resigns for good reason (as defined in the amendment), the registrant would have had to pay Mr. Joffe (i) his base salary, (ii) his average bonus earned for the two years immediately prior to termination (or, if such termination occurred within the first three months of our fiscal year, for the second and third years preceding the year in which such termination occurred), and (iii) all other benefits payable to Mr. Joffe pursuant to the employment agreement, as amended, through the later of two years after the date of termination of employment or March 31, 2008. Under the amendment, Mr. Joffe was also entitled to an additional “gross-up” payment to offset the excise taxes (and related income taxes on the “gross-up” payment) that he may be obligated to pay with respect to the first $3,000,000 of “parachute payments” (as defined in Section 280G of the Code) to be made to him upon a change of control. The amendment redefined the term “for cause” to apply only to misconduct in connection with Mr. Joffe’s performance of his duties. Pursuant to the amendment, any options that have been or may be granted to Mr. Joffe will fully vest upon his termination for any reason other than for cause or without good reason and be exercisable for a two-year period following the termination, and Mr. Joffe agreed to waive the right he previously had under the employment agreement to require the registrant to purchase his option shares and any underlying options if his employment were terminated for any reason. The amendment further provided that Mr. Joffe’s agreement not to compete with us terminated at the end of his employment term.

In December 2006, our employment agreement with Mr. Joffe was amended to extend the term of this agreement from March 31, 2008 to August 30, 2009. This amendment was unanimously approved by our Board of Directors.

On March 27, 2008, our employment agreement with Mr. Joffe was further amended to extend the term of this agreement from August 30, 2009 to August 31, 2012. All other terms and conditions of Mr. Joffe’s employment remained unchanged. This amendment was unanimously approved by our Board of Directors.

On December 31, 2008, we entered into an amended and restated employment agreement with Mr. Joffe. Mr. Joffe’s previous employment agreement was amended and restated primarily to add language that satisfied the requirements of the final treasury regulations issued pursuant to Section 409A of the Code with respect to certain of the payments that might have been provided to Mr. Joffe pursuant to the employment agreement. The restated agreement did not increase the amounts payable to Mr. Joffe as salary, bonus, severance or other compensation, nor did it extend the term of employment, but it did clarify that if we terminated the restated agreement without cause, either directly or constructively, Mr. Joffe would have been entitled to receive severance payments until the later of (i) that date which is two years after the termination date or (ii) the date upon which the restated agreement would otherwise have expired. All other substantive terms and conditions of Mr. Joffe’s employment remain unchanged. The restated agreement was unanimously approved by our Board of Directors.

New Employment Agreement

On May 18, 2012, we entered into a new employment agreement (the “New Employment Agreement”) with Mr. Joffe, which terminates and supersedes Mr. Joffe’s previous employment agreement that was to expire on August 31, 2012. The New Employment Agreement provides for Mr. Joffe to serve as our Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer for a term expiring on August 31, 2015, unless extended or earlier terminated. Pursuant to the New Employment Agreement, Mr. Joffe will receive a base salary of $600,000 per year, which will be reviewed from time to time in accordance with our established procedures for adjusting salaries for similarly situated employees. Mr. Joffe will be eligible to participate in our Annual Incentive Plan adopted and amended from time to time by the Board (the “Annual Incentive Plan”), with a target bonus equal to 100% of Mr. Joffe’s salary (the “Annual Incentive Bonuses”). In addition to the Annual Incentive Bonuses, we paid Mr. Joffe a one-time bonus of $250,000 upon the signing of the New Employment Agreement and awarded Mr. Joffe a guaranteed bonus of $500,000, payable in three annual installments: $168,000 on May 18, 2012; $166,000 on May 18, 2013; and $166,000 on May 18, 2014.

Pursuant to Mr. Joffe’s previous employment agreement, he was entitled to receive a transaction fee of 1.0% of the “total consideration” of any transaction, including any transaction resulting in a change of control, his efforts brought to the Company. In lieu of this transaction fee, pursuant to the New Employment Agreement, the Company granted pursuant to its 2010 Plan (i) a fully-vested option to purchase 109,100 shares of the Company’s common stock equal to $250,000 based on the Black-Scholes valuation method and (ii) 51,167 shares of fully vested restricted stock with a fair value of $331,000 in December 2012. The Company withheld 25,137 shares based upon the Company’s closing stock price on the vesting date to settle Mr. Joffe’s minimum statutory obligation for the applicable income and other employment taxes.  The Company then remitted cash to the appropriate taxing authorities. Total payment for this tax obligation to the taxing authorities was $163,000 and is reflected as a financing activity within the consolidated statements of cash flows. These net-share settlements had the effect of share repurchases by the Company as they reduced and retired the number of shares that would have otherwise been issued as a result of the vesting and did not represent an expense to the Company.
Pursuant to the New Employment Agreement, Mr. Joffe will also be eligible to receive annual awards under the 2010 Plan in such amounts as are determined by the Compensation Committee as administrator of the 2010 Plan in its sole and absolute discretion (the “Annual Awards”).  Such awards may be in the form of options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units or such other form of award as determined by the Compensation Committee as administrator of the 2010 Plan in its sole and absolute discretion.

The Annual Incentive Bonuses, the Initial Equity Awards and the Annual Awards granted or to be granted to Mr. Joffe, to the extent they constitute “incentive-based compensation” under Section 10D of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), shall be subject to clawback by us to the extent required by Section 10D(b)(2) of the Exchange Act, as determined by the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder from time to time by the U.S. SEC, as limited by California law to the extent California law applies.

Pursuant to the New Employment Agreement, Mr. Joffe will also receive:  (i) four weeks paid vacation each year during the term of the New Employment Agreement pursuant to our written vacation policy; (ii) a $1,500 monthly automobile allowance and payment by us of certain automobile-related expenses; (iii) during the term of the New Employment Agreement, if Mr. Joffe does not elect medical insurance coverage for himself and his eligible family through us, an allowance for such medical insurance in an amount equal to the cost which would have been incurred by us in supplying such coverage for Mr. Joffe and his eligible family; and (iv) $24,000 per year to be used by Mr. Joffe to purchase disability insurance for his benefit (the “Disability Insurance Payment” and, together with the benefits described in clauses (i), (ii) and (iii), the “Benefits”).

The New Employment Agreement terminates on the date of Mr. Joffe’s death, in which event his accrued salary and Annual Incentive Bonus, if any, and reimbursable expenses and benefits owing to him through the date of his death shall be paid to his estate, and his estate shall assume certain of his rights as specified in the New Employment Agreement.

In the event that Mr. Joffe’s employment is terminated as result of his physical or mental illness or incapacity as determined in accordance with the procedures set forth in the New Employment Agreement, he will be entitled to receive his accrued salary and Annual Incentive Bonus, if any, reimbursable expenses and Benefits owing to him through the date of termination and payment of the benefits pursuant to any disability insurance policy purchased by Mr. Joffe with the Disability Insurance Payment.

In the event that Mr. Joffe’s employment is terminated by us for Cause (as defined in the New Employment Agreement), we will be released from any and all further obligations under the New Employment Agreement, except that we will pay Mr. Joffe his accrued salary and Annual Incentive Bonus, if any, and reimbursable expenses and Benefits owing to him through the date of his termination.

In the event that Mr. Joffe’s employment is terminated by us without Cause (as defined in the New Employment Agreement) or Mr. Joffe voluntarily terminates the New Employment Agreement for Good Reason (as defined in the New Employment Agreement), then we will pay through the later of the date which is two years after the termination date or August 31, 2015: (i) his salary as in effect immediately prior to the termination date; (ii) his average bonus earned for the two years immediately prior to the year in which the New Employment Agreement is terminated (or if such termination occurs within the first three months of our fiscal year, for the second and third years preceding the year in which such termination occurs); (iii) the Benefits; and (iv) reimbursable expenses.

If a Change in Control (as defined in the New Employment Agreement) occurs and Mr. Joffe voluntarily terminates the New Employment Agreement for Good Reason (as defined in the New Employment Agreement) or Mr. Joffe’s employment is terminated by us without Cause (as defined in the New Employment Agreement) within two years following a Change in Control, then Mr. Joffe will be entitled to receive either the severance benefit as described in the next sentence of this paragraph or the benefits described in the immediately preceding paragraph, whichever is more favorable to Mr. Joffe, and we will pay Mr.Joffe any reimbursable expenses owed to him through the termination date. The severance benefit will be equal to (i) two times Mr. Joffe’s salary at the annual rate in effect immediately prior to the date of the Change in Control plus (ii) two times Mr. Joffe’s average bonus earned for the two years immediately prior to the year in which the Change in Control occurs. The severance benefit will be paid to Mr. Joffe in a lump sum as soon as practicable, but no later than 30 days following the termination date.
In the event that the benefits provided for in the New Employment Agreement or otherwise payable to Mr. Joffe constitute “parachute payments” within the meaning of Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) and will be subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code, Mr. Joffe will receive the greater of: (i) the largest portion, up to and including the total, of such benefits or (ii) the largest aggregate amount of such benefits that would result in no portion thereof being subject to excise tax under Section 4999 of the Code, whichever amount, after taking into account all applicable federal, state and local employment taxes, income taxes and excise tax under Section 4999 of the Code, results in Mr. Joffe’s receipt, on an after-tax basis, of the greatest amount of the benefit.

The New Employment Agreement prohibits Mr. Joffe during the term of the New Employment Agreement or at any time thereafter from using or disclosing to any third party any of our confidential information and trade secrets. Pursuant to the New Employment Agreement, during the term of the New Employment Agreement, Mr. Joffe is also prohibited from: (i) competing with us; or (ii) soliciting or inducing any creditor, customer, supplier, officer, executive or agent of us or any of our subsidiaries or affiliates to sever its relationship with or leave the employ of any such entities.

Pursuant to the New Employment Agreement, we agreed to reimburse Mr. Joffe for all reasonable legal fees and disbursements incurred by him in connection with the negotiation, preparation and execution of the New Employment Agreement.

In conformity with our policy, all of our directors and officers execute confidentiality and nondisclosure agreements upon the commencement of employment. The agreements generally provide that all inventions or discoveries by the employee related to our business and all confidential information developed or made known to the employee during the term of employment shall be our exclusive property and shall not be disclosed to third parties without our prior approval.

Option Purchase Agreement

In January 2013, the Company entered into an option purchase agreement (the “Option Purchase Agreement”) with Mr. Joffe. Pursuant to the Option Purchase Agreement, among other things, the Company purchased Mr. Joffe’s options to purchase 101,500 shares of the Company’s common stock granted under the Company’s 1994 Stock Option Plan at a net purchase price of $454,675. This payment represents the difference per share of common stock between $6.87, the average closing price of the Company’s common stock for the five consecutive trading days preceding, and including the date of the Option Purchase Agreement, and the exercise price of the respective stock options, discounted five percent and multiplied by the total number of shares under Mr. Joffe’s stock options.

Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control Table

The following table provides an estimate of the payments and benefits to Mr. Joffe pursuant to his employment agreement described above, assuming a termination of his employment or change in control, as applicable, on March 31, 2013, the last business day of fiscal 2013. Please refer to “Employment Agreements” for more information.
Benefit
 
Termination by Company for Cause (1)
   
Death (2)
   
Disability (3)
   
Voluntary Termination by Mr. Joffe for Good Reason or Termination by Company w/o Cause (4)
   
Change in Control
   
After Change in Control: Voluntary Termination by Mr. Joffe (5)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Salary Contribution
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
1,000,000
   
$
-
   
$
500,000
 
Bonus (6)
 
$
150,000
   
$
150,000
   
$
150,000
   
$
850,200
   
$
-
   
$
425,100
 
Stock Options (7)
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Healthcare
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
24,000
   
$
48,000
   
$
-
   
$
24,000
 
Transaction Fee (8)
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Sale Bonus (9)
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
1,850,200
   
$
-
 
Automobile Allowance (10)
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
36,000
   
$
-
   
$
18,000
 
Accrued Vacation Payments
 
$
126,133
   
$
126,133
   
$
126,133
   
$
203,056
   
$
-
   
$
126,133
 
____________
 
(1) Upon a termination for cause, Mr. Joffe will be entitled to his accrued salary, bonus, if any, reimbursable expenses, and benefits owing to him through the day of his termination.

(2) Mr. Joffe’s employment term will end on the date of his death. Upon such event, Mr. Joffe’s estate will be entitled to receive his accrued salary, bonus, if any, and benefits, owing to Mr. Joffe through the date of his death. In addition, Mr. Joffe’s estate will assume certain of Mr. Joffe’s rights as specified in the New Employment Agreement.

(3) If during the employment term, Mr. Joffe becomes disabled and is terminated by us, Mr. Joffe will be entitled to receive his accrued salary, bonus, if any, reimbursable expenses, and benefits owing to Mr. Joffe through the date of termination. In addition, Mr. Joffe will be entitled to receive the benefits payable pursuant to a disability insurance policy, which we pay Mr. Joffe $24,000 annually to be used by Mr. Joffe to purchase the same for his benefit.

(4) Upon a termination by Mr. Joffe for good reason or by us without cause, Mr. Joffe will be entitled to receive through the later of the date which is two years after the termination date or August 31, 2015: (i) his salary as in effect immediately prior to the termination date; (ii) his average bonus earned for the two years immediately prior to the year in which his employment agreement is terminated (or if such termination occurs within the first three months of our fiscal year, for the second and third years preceding the year in which such termination occurs); and (iii) the benefits.

(5) If a change in control occurs and Mr. Joffe voluntarily terminates his employment agreement for good reason or Mr. Joffe’s employment is terminated by us without cause within two years following a change in control, then Mr. Joffe will be entitled to receive either the severance benefit as described in the next sentence of this footnote or the benefits described in the immediately preceding footnote, whichever is more favorable to Mr. Joffe, and we will pay Mr. Joffe any reimbursable expenses owed to him through the termination date. The severance benefit will be equal to (i) two times Mr. Joffe’s salary at the annual rate in effect immediately prior to the date of the change in control plus (ii) two times Mr. Joffe’s average bonus earned for the two years immediately prior to the year in which the change in control occurs.

(6) Excludes a $250,000 signing bonus and $500,000 guaranteed bonus paid to Mr. Joffe pursuant to his employment agreement.

(7) Upon the termination of his employment agreement, for any reason other than termination by us for cause or termination by Mr. Joffe without good reason, any Executive Awards under our 2010 Incentive Plan which are not fully vested will immediately vest and remain exercisable by Mr. Joffe for a period of two years or, if shorter, until the ten year anniversary of the date of grant of each such Executive Award. The inherent value shown in the table is the additional compensation expense we would have recorded upon the immediate vesting of all Executive Awards which were not fully vested at March 31, 2013.

(8) Mr. Joffe is entitled to receive an automobile allowance until March 31, 2012 in the amount of $1,500 per month, payable monthly. In addition, all costs of operating the automobile, including fuel, oil, insurance, repairs, maintenance and other expenses, are our responsibility.
2013 Director Compensation

We use a combination of cash and equity incentives to compensate our non-employee directors. Directors who are also our employees received no compensation for their service on our Board of Directors in fiscal 2013. To determine the appropriate level of compensation for our non-employee directors, we take into consideration the significant amount of time and dedication required by the directors to fulfill their duties on our Board of Directors and Board of Directors committees as well as the need to continue to attract highly qualified candidates to serve on our Board of Directors. In addition, our compensation arrangement with Mel Marks reflects his 51 years of relevant experience in the industry and our Company. The information provided in the following table reflects the compensation received by our directors for their service on our Board of Directors in fiscal 2013.

Name
 
Fees Earned or Paid in Cash
   
Stock Awards
   
Option Awards (1)
   
All Other Compensation
   
Total
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
Philip Gay
 
$
90,000
   
$
-
   
$
9,006
   
$
-
   
$
99,006
 
Rudolph Borneo
 
$
65,500
   
$
-
   
$
9,004
   
$
-
   
$
74,504
 
Scott J. Adelson
 
$
48,000
   
$
-
   
$
12,501
   
$
-
   
$
60,501
 
Duane Miller
 
$
71,000
   
$
-
   
$
5,730
   
$
-
   
$
76,730
 
Jeffrey Mirvis
 
$
67,000
   
$
-
   
$
9,325
   
$
-
   
$
76,325
 
Mel Marks
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
1,000,000
   
$
1,000,000
 

(1) Option award amounts reflect the aggregate grant date fair value of option awards.  Information regarding the assumptions used to calculate the value of option awards is included in note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in our Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2013.  The table below sets forth as of March 31, 2013 the aggregate number of outstanding stock awards and outstanding option awards granted to our non-employee directors. 

 
 
Number of Stock Awards
   
Number of Option Awards
 
Scott Adelson
   
0
     
37,000
 
Rudolph Borneo
   
0
     
49,000
 
Philip Gay
   
0
     
49,000
 
Duane Miller
   
0
     
37,000
 
Jeffrey Mirvis
   
0
     
37,000
 
 
               
Totals
   
0
     
209,000
 
 
We have supplemental compensatory arrangements with Mel Marks, our founder, largest shareholder and member of our Board of Directors. In August 2000, our Board of Directors agreed to engage Mel Marks to provide consulting services to our Company. Mr. Marks was paid an annual consulting fee of $350,000 per year under this arrangement in fiscal 2013.  In March 2013, the Company entered into an agreement with Mr. Marks whereby Mr. Marks will no longer serve as a consultant to the Company. Pursuant to this agreement, the Company agreed to pay a one-time fee of $350,000 and an additional compensation of $300,000 to be paid ratably on a monthly basis during the term.

We pay Mr. Gay $90,000 per year for serving on our Board of Directors, as well as assuming the responsibility for being Chairman of our Audit and Ethics Committees.

In addition, each of our non-employee directors, other than Messrs. Marks and Gay, receives annual compensation of $20,000 and is paid a fee of $2,000 for attending each Board of Directors meeting, $2,000 for attending each Audit Committee meeting and $500 for any other Board of Directors committee meeting attended. Each director is also reimbursed for reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred to attend Board of Directors or Board of Directors committee meetings.
Under our Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan, each non-employee director is granted options to purchase 25,000 shares of our common stock upon their election to our Board of Directors. In addition, each non-employee director is awarded an option to purchase an additional 3,000 shares of our common stock for each full year of service on our Board of Directors.   The Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan will be replaced by the 2014 Non-Director Incentive Award Plan upon stockholder approval of the 2014 Non-Director Incentive Award Plan.

Indemnification of Executive Officers and Directors

Article Seven of our Restated Certificate of Incorporation provides, in part, that to the extent required by New York Business Corporation Law, or NYBCL, no director shall have any personal liability to us or our shareholders for damage for any breach of duty as such director, provided that each such director shall be liable under the following circumstances: (a) in the event that a judgment or other final adjudication adverse to such director establishes that his acts or omissions were in bad faith, involved intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law or that such director personally gained in fact a financial profit or other advantage to which such director was not legally entitled or that such director’s acts violated Section 719 of the NYBCL or (b) for any act or omission prior to the adoption of Article Seven of our Restated Certificate of Incorporation.

Article Nine of our Amended and Restated Bylaws provide that we shall indemnify any person, by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director or officer of our Company or served any other corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan, or other enterprise in any capacity at our request, against judgments, fines, amounts paid in settlement and reasonable expenses, including attorney’s fees incurred as a result of an action or proceeding, or any appeal therefrom, provided, however, that no indemnification shall be made to, or on behalf of, any director or officer if a judgment or other final adjudication adverse to such director or officer establishes that (a) his or her acts were committed in bad faith or were the result of active and deliberate dishonesty and, in either case, were material to the cause of action so adjudicated, or (b) he or she personally gained in fact a financial profit or other advantage to which he or she was not legally entitled.

We may purchase and maintain insurance for our own indemnification and for that of our directors and officers and other proper persons as described in Article Nine of our Amended and Restated Bylaws. We maintain and pay premiums for directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policies.

We are incorporated under the laws of the State of New York and Sections 721-726 of Article 7 of the NYBCL provide for the indemnification and advancement of expenses to directors and officers. Section 721 of the NYBCL provides that indemnification and advancement of expenses provisions contained in the NYBCL shall not be deemed exclusive of any rights which a director or officer seeking indemnification or advancement of expenses may be entitled, provided no indemnification may be made on behalf of any director or officer if a judgment or other final adjudication adverse to the director or officer establishes that his or her acts were committed in bad faith or were the result of active and deliberate dishonesty and were material to the cause of action so adjudicated, or that he or she personally gained in fact a financial profit or other advantage to which he or she was not legally entitled.

Section 722 of the NYBCL permits, in general, a New York corporation to indemnify any person made, or threatened to be made, a party to an action or proceeding by reason of the fact that he or she was a director or officer of that corporation, or served another entity in any capacity at the request of that corporation, against any judgment, fines, amounts paid in settlement and reasonable expenses, including attorney’s fees actually and necessarily incurred as a result of such action or proceeding, or any appeal therein, if such person acted in good faith, for a purpose he or she reasonably believed to be in, or, in the case of service of another entity, not opposed to, the best interests of that corporation and, in criminal actions or proceedings, who in addition had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful. However, no indemnification may be made to, or on behalf of, any director or officer in a derivative suit in respect of (a) a threatened action or a pending action that is settled or otherwise disposed of or (b) any claim, issue or matter for which the person has been adjudged to be liable to the corporation, unless and only to the extent that a court in which the action was brought, or, if no action was brought, any court of competent jurisdiction, determines upon application that the person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnify for that portion of settlement and expenses as the court deems proper.

Section 723 of the NYBCL permits a New York corporation to pay in advance of a final disposition of such action or proceeding the expenses incurred in defending such action or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of the director or officer to repay such amount as, and to the extent, required by statute. Section 724 of the NYBCL permits a court to award the indemnification required by Section 722.
Section 725 provides for repayment of such expenses when the recipient is ultimately found not to be entitled to indemnification. Section 726 provides that a corporation may obtain indemnification insurance indemnifying itself and its directors and officers.

The foregoing is only a summary of the described sections of the NYBCL and our Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended, and Amended and Restated Bylaws and is qualified in its entirety by the reference to such sections and charter documents.

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

The Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors determines the compensation of our officers and directors. None of our executive officers currently serves on the compensation committee or board of directors of any other company of which any members of our Board of Directors or our Compensation Committee is an executive officer.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT
 
The following table sets forth, as of February 7, 2014, certain information as to the common stock ownership of each of our named executive officers, directors, all executive officers and directors as a group and all persons known by us to be the beneficial owners of more than five percent of our common stock. The percentage of common stock beneficially owned is based on 14,945,545 shares of common stock outstanding as of February 7, 2014.

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage of ownership held by that person, shares of common stock subject to options held by that person that are currently exercisable or will become exercisable within 60 days of February 7, 2014 are deemed outstanding, while these shares are not deemed outstanding for determining the percentage ownership of any other person. Unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes below, the persons and entities named in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares beneficially owned, subject to community property laws where applicable. Unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes below, the address of the stockholder is c/o Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. 2929 California Street, Torrance, CA 90503.
 
 
Amount and Nature of
   
Percent of
 
Name and Address of Beneficial Shareholder
 
Beneficial Ownership (1)
   
Class
 
 
   
(2
)
 
 
Selwyn Joffe (3)
   
718,963
     
4.6
%
Mel Marks
   
316,996
     
2.1
 
Scott Adelson (4)
   
47,000
     
*
 
Rudolph Borneo (5)
   
44,000
     
*
 
Philip Gay (6)
   
49,000
     
*
 
Duane Miller (7)
   
38,000
     
*
 
Jeffrey Mirvis (8)
   
43,000
     
*
 
Doug Schooner (9)
   
37,525
     
*
 
Steve Kratz (10)
   
48,500
     
*
 
Michael Umansky (11)
   
68,100
     
*
 
David Lee (12)
   
41,700
     
*
 
Kevin Daly (13)
   
22,700
     
*
 
Directors and executive officers as a group — 12 persons (14)……..
   
1,475,484
     
9.2
%
 
               
Less than 1% of the outstanding common stock.
               
 
(1) The listed shareholders, unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes below, have direct ownership over the amount of shares indicated in the table.

(2) Based on information contained in filings made by such stockholders with the SEC as reported in each such stockholder's most recent Schedule 13F filing, there were no beneficial shareholders owning over 5%. Since there may have been subsequent purchases or sales of securities, this information may not reflect the current holdings by these stockholders.

(3) Includes 400,000 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 191,833 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and 46,600 shares of unvested Restricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan.

(4) Includes 37,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options granted under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan.

(5) Includes 24,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options granted under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan.
 
(6) Represents 49,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options granted under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan.

(7) Represents 37,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options granted under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan.

(8) Includes 37,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options granted under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan.

(9) Represents 15,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 14,333 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; 8,100 shares of unvested Retricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and includes 92 shares of common stock held by The Schooner 2003 Family Trust. Mr. Schooner expressly disclaims ownership of the shares held by The Schooner 2003 Family Trust.

(10)  Includes 10,000 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 24,600 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and 13,900 shares of unvested Restricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan.

(11)  Includes 45,000 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 14,800 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and 8,300 shares of unvested Restricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan.

(12)  Includes 7,500 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 20,600 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and 11,600 shares of unvested Restricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan.

(13)  Includes 2,500 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 11,000 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and 6,200 shares of unvested Restricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan.

(14)  Includes 480,000 shares issuable upon exercise of  options granted under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan; 184,000 shares issuable upon exercise of currently exercisable options granted under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan; 277,166 shares issuable upon exercise of options under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan; and 94,700 shares of unvested Restricted Stock issued under the 2010 Long Term Incentive Plan. .
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

We had a consulting agreement with Mel Marks, our founder and member of our Board of Directors, which was terminated on March 31, 2013.  We paid Mr. Marks a consulting fee of $350,000 per year under this arrangement.  In connection with the termination of this arrangement, we agreed to pay Mr. Marks $300,000 ratably on a monthly basis during fiscal 2014 in addition to a final one-time payment of $350,000.

We have agreed to pay Mr. Gay, a member of our Board of Directors, $90,000 per year for his service as a member of our Board of Directors and Chairman of the Audit Committee.  For additional information, see the discussion under the caption “Executive Compensation” “2013 Director Compensation”.

In addition, on May 3, 2012, we entered into a Right of First Refusal Agreement with Mr. Marks and Melmarks Enterprises LLLP, a limited liability limited partnership controlled by Mr. Marks (the “Shareholders”), which, among other things, provides us with the right to purchase any or all shares of common stock that the Shareholders propose to sell or transfer, subject to certain exceptions.  Pursuant to the Right of First Refusal Agreement, we have 30 days after notice of a proposed sale or transfer to exercise our right to purchase such shares, and may do so at a price that is 10% below the average daily closing price per share of our common stock for the five consecutive trading days immediately preceding the date of such notice.  The Right of First Refusal Agreement has a term of three years.

In December 2012, we entered into a stock repurchase agreement (the “Stock Repurchase Agreement”) with the Shareholders, which, among other things, provides the Shareholders with the option to sell up to $300,000 of our common stock held by the Shareholders (the “Shares”), on or prior to February 28, 2013, at a purchase price that is 10% below the daily average daily closing price per share of our common stock for the five consecutive trading days immediately preceding the date of the notice of sale.  During fiscal 2013, we repurchased 52,947 Shares at a total cost of approximately $300,000.

During fiscal 2013, the Company paid Houlihan Lokey Howard & Zukin Capital, Inc. $350,000 in connection with the restructuring of Fenco.  Scott J. Adelson, a member of the Company’s board of directors, is a Co-President and Global Co-Head of Corporate Finance for Houlihan Lokey Howard & Zukin Capital Inc.

In January 2013, the Company entered into an option purchase agreement (the “Option Purchase Agreement”) with Mr. Joffe. Pursuant to the Option Purchase Agreement, among other things, the Company purchased Mr. Joffe’s options to purchase 101,500 shares of the Company’s common stock granted under the Company’s 1994 Stock Option Plan at a net purchase price of $454,675. This payment represents the difference per share of common stock between $6.87, the average closing price of the Company’s common stock for the five consecutive trading days preceding, and including the date of the Option Purchase Agreement, and the exercise price of the respective stock options, discounted five percent and multiplied by the total number of shares under Mr. Joffe’s stock options.

Under the terms of Mr. Joffe’s New Employment Agreement, all stock options granted to Mr. Joffe by the Company are required to contain terms permitting net issue exercises.  Subsequently, on December 28, 2012, a stock option with an aggregate of 233,200 underlying shares (the “December 2012 Stock Option”) was granted to Mr. Joffe pursuant to the Company’s 2010 Incentive Award Plan, as amended from time to time.  The Stock Option Grant Notice and Stock Option Agreement pursuant to which the December 2012 Stock Option was granted did not reflect terms relating to net issue exercises as required by the New Employment Agreement.  On August 6, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Company adopted a Form of Stock Option Grant Notice and Form of Stock Option Agreement that contain terms permitting net issue exercises.  The Stock Option Grant Notice and Stock Option Agreement pursuant to which the December 2012 Stock Option was granted to Mr. Joffe were amended to conform to the Form of Stock Option Grant Notice and Form of Stock Option Agreement adopted by the Company on August 6, 2013, which will be used in connection with any future stock options granted to Mr. Joffe.

On October 9, 2013, we entered into an Option Purchase Agreement (the “October Option Purchase Agreement”) with Mr. Joffe, pursuant to which, among other things, the Company purchased his option to purchase 100,000 shares of our Common Stock granted on January 14, 2004 under the Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. 1994 Stock Option Plan at a purchase price of $626,500 (the difference per share of Common Stock between $12.66, the closing price of the Company’s Common Stock on September 27, 2013, and $6.345, the exercise price of the stock option, multiplied by 100,000, the total number of shares under Mr. Joffe’s stock option, and less an administrative fee of $5,000).
We do not have a written policy applicable to any transaction, arrangement or relationship between us and a related party.  Our practice with regards to related party transactions has been for our Board of Directors, or a committee thereof, to review, approve and/or ratify such transactions as they arise.  In making its determination to approve or ratify a transaction, our Board of Directors, or a committee thereof, would consider such factors as (i) the extent of the related party’s interest in the transaction, (ii) if applicable, the availability of other sources of comparable products or services, (iii) whether the terms of the related party transaction are no less favorable than terms generally available in unaffiliated transactions under like circumstances, (iv) the benefit to us, and (v) the aggregate value of the transaction.

Corporate Governance, Board of Directors and Committees of the Board of Directors

Board of Independence.  Each of Duane Miller, Jeffrey Mirvis, Philip Gay, and Rudolph J. Borneo are independent within the meaning of the applicable SEC rules and the NASDAQ listing standards.

Board Leadership Structure.  The Board of Directors does not have a policy regarding the separation of the roles of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board as the Board of Directors believes it is in the best interest of our Company to make that determination based on the position and direction of our Company and the membership of the Board of Directors.  The roles of Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer are currently held by the same person, Selwyn Joffe.  The Board of Directors believes that Mr. Joffe’s service as both Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer is in the best interest of our Company and its stockholders.  Mr. Joffe possesses detailed and in-depth knowledge of the issues, opportunities and challenges facing our Company and its business and is in the best position to develop agendas that ensure that our Board of Directors’ time and attention are focused on the most critical matters.  We believe that our Company has been well served by this model because the combined role of Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer has ensured our directors and senior management act with a common purpose and in the best interest of our Company.  This model enhances our ability to communicate clearly and consistently with our stockholders, employees, customers and suppliers.  Although we have not designated a “lead director,” our Chairman of Board works closely with the chairs of each of our committees on a variety of matters and our other directors, and all of our committee members are independent within the meaning of the applicable SEC rules and NASDAQ listing standards.

Board’s Role in Risk Oversight.  Our Board of Directors as a whole has responsibility for risk oversight with certain categories of risk being reviewed by particular committees of the Board of Directors, which report to the full Board of Directors as needed.  The Audit Committee reviews the financial risks, including internal control, audit, financial reporting and disclosure matters, by discussing these risks with management and our internal and external auditors.  The Compensation Committee reviews risks relating to our executive compensation plans and arrangements.  The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews risks related to our governance structure and processes and risks arising from related person transactions.  While each committee is responsible for evaluating certain risks and overseeing the management of such risks, the entire Board of Directors is regularly informed about such risks.

Board of Attendance and Committees.  Our Board of Directors met 19 times during fiscal 2013.  Each of our then directors attended 75% or more of the total number of meetings of the Board of Directors and committees thereof during fiscal 2013.  Our last annual meeting of shareholders was held on March 28, 2013.  All of our then directors attended our last annual meeting of shareholders.  Each director is encouraged to attend each meeting of the Board of Directors and the annual meeting of our sharesholders.

Our Board of Directors has a standing Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Ethics Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.  Our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee have written charters which can be found on our website at www.motorcarparts.com and are available in print to any shareholder who requests a copy by writing to our Corporate Secretary, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503.

Audit Committee.  The current members of our Audit Committee are Philip Gay, Rudolph Borneo, Duane Miller and Jeffrey Mirvis with Mr. Gay serving as chairman.  Our Board of Directors has determined that all of the Audit Committee members are independent within the meaning of the applicable SEC rules and NASDAQ listing standards.  Our Board of Directors has also determined that Mr. Gay is a financial expert within the meaning of the applicable SEC rules.  The Audit Committee oversees our auditing procedures, receives and accepts the reports of our independent registered public accountants, oversees our internal systems of accounting and management controls and makes recommendations to the Board of Directors concerning the appointment of our auditors.  The Audit Committee met seven times in fiscal 2013.
Compensation Committee.  The current members of our Compensation Committee are Rudolph Borneo, Philip Gay, Duane Miller and Jeffrey Mirvis, with Mr. Borneo serving as chairman.  The Compensation Committee is responsible for developing out executive compensation policies.  The Compensation Committee is also responsible for evaluating the performance of our Chief Executive Officer and other senior officers and making determinations concerning the salary, bonuses and stock options to be awarded to these officers.  No member of the Compensation Committee has a relationship that would constitute an interlocking relationship with the executive officers or directors of another entity.  For further discussion of our Compensation Committee, see “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation”.  The Compensation Committee met five times in fiscal 2013.

Ethics Committee.  The current members of our Ethics Committee are Philip Gay, who serves as Chairman, Rudolph Borneo and Duane Miller.  The Ethics Committee is responsible for implementing our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics.  No issues arose which required our Ethics Committee to meet in fiscal 2013.

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.  We formed a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in June 2006.  The current members of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are Rudolph Borneo, Philip Gay and Duane Miller.  Each of the members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is independent within the meaning of applicable SEC rules.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for nominating candidates to our Board of Directors.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee did not meet in fiscal 2013.

In evaluating potential director nominees, including those identified by shareholders, for recommendation to our Board of Directors, our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee seeks individuals with talent, ability and experience from a wide variety of backgrounds to provide a diverse spectrum of experience and expertise relevant to a diversified business enterprise such as ours.  Our Company does not maintain a separate policy regarding the diversity of its board members.  However, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers individuals with diverse and varied professional and other experiences for membership.  A candidate should represent the interests of all shareholders, and not those of a special interest group, have a reputation for integrity and be willing to make a significant commitment to fulfilling the duties of a director.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will screen and evaluate all recommended director nominees based on the criteria set forth above, as well as other relevant considerations.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will retain full discretion in considering its nomination recommendations to our Board of Directors.

PROPOSAL NO. 2
RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF
INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS

The Audit Committee of our Board of Directors has selected Ernst & Young LLP as the independent registered public accountants to audit our consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2014. Representatives of Ernst & Young LLP are expected to be present at the annual meeting of shareholders. These representatives will have an opportunity to make a statement and will be available to respond to questions regarding appropriate matters. Our Board of Directors believes it is appropriate to submit for ratification by our shareholders the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accountants for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2014. Your ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accountants for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2014 does not preclude the Audit Committee from terminating its engagement of Ernst & Young LLP and retaining new independent registered public accountants, if it determines that such an action would be in our best interest.

The Board of Directors recommends that shareholders vote FOR this proposal.

AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT

The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors oversees our auditing procedures, receives and accepts the reports of our internal systems of accounting and management controls and makes recommendations to the Board of Directors as to the selection and appointment of our auditors.

The Audit Committee recommended to the Board of Directors the approval of the independent accountants engaged to conduct the independent audit.  The Audit Committee met with management and the independent accountants to review and discuss the March 31, 2013 consolidated financial statements.  The Audit Committee also discussed with the independent accountants the matters required by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 61 (Communication with Audit Committees) as amended and as adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board in Rule 3200T.  In addition, the Audit Committee reviewed written disclosures from the independent accountants regarding the auditors’ independence required by PCAOB Ethics and Independence Rule 3526, Communication with Audit Committees Concerning Independence, and has discussed with the independent accountants, the independent accountants’ independence.
Based on the Audit Committee’s discussions with management and the independent accountants and the Audit Committee’s review of the representations of management and the independent accountants, the Audit Committee recommended that the Board of Directors include the audited consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2013 that has been filed with the SEC and mailed with this proxy statement.

The following table summarized the total fees we paid to our independent registered public accountants, Ernst & Young LLP, for professional services provided during the following fiscal years ended March 31:

 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
Audit Fees
 
$
2,519,000
   
$
3,553,000
   
$
1,143,000
 
Audit Related Fees
   
13,000
     
-
     
-
 
Tax Fees
   
283,000
     
346,000
     
126,000
 
All Other Fees
   
-
     
85,000
     
300,000
 
 
                       
Total
 
$
2,815,000
   
$
3,984,000
   
$
1,569,000
 

Audit fees in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011 consisted of (i) the audit of our annual financial statements, (ii) the reviews of our quarterly financial statements, and (iii) audit of internal control over financial reporting.

Tax fees in fiscal 2013 related primarily to the preparation of federal and state tax returns, transfer pricing, impairment analysis, and other state income tax research.  Tax fees in fiscal 2012 related primarily to our acquisition, the preparation of federal and state tax returns, transfer pricing, and other state income tax research. Tax fees in fiscal 2011 related primarily to the preparation of federal and state tax returns, transfer pricing, and other state income tax research.

Other fees billed in fiscal 2012 and 2011 consisted of professionals services for due diligence work related to our acquisitions.

Our Audit Committee must pre-approve all audit and non-audit services to be performed by our independent auditors and will not approve any services that are not permitted by SEC rules.  All of the audit and non-audit related fees in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011 were pre-approved by the Audit Committee.

PROPOSAL NO. 3
APPROVAL OF AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF SHARES
OF OUR COMMON STOCK

The Board of Directors has approved a proposal to amend the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock from 20 million to 50 million. The proposed amendment would replace the first paragraph of Article Fourth of the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation with the following language:

“The total number of shares of stock which the Corporation shall have authority to issue is 55,000,000 shares, consisting of 50,000,000 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 5,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock par value $0.01 per share.”

The Board of Directors believes it is in the best interest of the Company to increase the number of authorized shares of Common Stock in order to give the Company greater flexibility in considering and planning for future corporate needs, including, but not limited to, stock dividends and splits, grants under equity compensation plans, financings, potential strategic transactions, including mergers, acquisitions, and business combinations, as well as other general corporate transactions. The Board of Directors believes that additional authorized shares of Common Stock will enable the Company to take timely advantage of market conditions and favorable financing and acquisition opportunities that become available to the Company without the delay and expense associated with convening a special meeting of the Company’s stockholders.
Except as otherwise required by law or by a regulation of the Nasdaq Stock Exchange, the newly authorized shares of Common Stock will be available for issuance at the discretion of the Board of Directors (without further action by the stockholders) for various future corporate needs, including those outlined above. While adoption of the proposed amendment would not have any immediate dilutive effect on the proportionate voting power or other rights of the Company’s existing stockholders, any future issuance of additional authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock may, among other things, dilute the earnings per share of the Common Stock and the equity and voting rights of those holding Common Stock at the time the additional shares are issued.

In addition to the corporate purposes mentioned above, an increase in the number of authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock may make it more difficult to, or discourage an attempt to, obtain control of the Company by means of a takeover bid that the Board of Directors determines is not in the best interest of the Company and its stockholders. However, the Board of Directors does not intend or view the proposed increase in the number of authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock as an anti-takeover measure and is not aware of any attempt or plan to obtain control of the Company.

Any newly authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock will be identical to the shares of Common Stock now authorized and outstanding. The proposed amendment will not affect the rights of current holders of the Company’s Common Stock, none of whom have preemptive or similar rights to acquire the newly authorized shares.

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE “FOR” THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF AUTHORIZED SHARES OF THE COMPANY’S COMMON STOCK FROM 20 MILLION TO 50 MILLION.

PROPOSAL NO. 4
APPROVAL OF OUR SECOND AMENDED AND RESTATED 2010 INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN

Our Board of Directors approved adoption of the Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. 2010 Incentive Award Plan (the “2010 Plan”) on December 10, 2010 approved adoption of our Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan (the “Amended and Restated 2010 Plan”) on February 25, 2013 and approved adoption of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan (the “Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan”) on February 23, 2014.

Purpose

The purpose of the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan is to enhance the value of the Company and promote our success by linking the individual interests of our employees to the interests of our shareholders and by providing our employees with an incentive for outstanding performance to generate superior returns to our shareholders. The Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan is also intended to provide the Company with flexibility in its ability to motivate, attract, and retain the services of employees upon whose judgment, interest, and performance our success is largely dependent. The Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan does not provide for awards to non-employee directors or consultants of the Company.  The only change to the 2010 Plan effectuated by the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan is an increase in the number of shares of our Common Stock available for issuance under awards granted from 1,750,000 under the Amended and Restated 2010 Plan to 2,750,000 under the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan.  If our shareholders do not approve the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan will not take effect and the Amended and Restated 2010 Plan will remain in effect in accordance with its terms.

We anticipate filing a Registration Statement on Form S-8 with the SEC to register the additional amount of new shares of our Common Stock to be included in the aggregate share reserve under the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, effective upon and subject to stockholder approval of the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, as soon as practicable upon such stockholders’ approval of the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan.

Background of the Proposal to Approve the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Aware Plan
Our Board of Directors believes that stock ownership by employees provides performance incentives and fosters long-term commitment to our benefit and the benefit of our stockholders and that the proposed increase in the share reserve will provide an adequate reserve of shares of Common Stock under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan to allow us to compete successfully with other companies in attracting and retaining valuable employees.
As of February 19, 2014, the closing price of shares of our Common Stock, as reported on NASDAQ, was $25.12 per share.  In addition, as of February 19, 2014, stock options outstanding and shares available for grant under all of our equity plans were as follows:

 
 
Total
 
Stock options outstanding, all plans (1)
   
1,476,883
 
Full-value equity awards outstanding, all plans (2)
   
138,000
 
Shares available for awards, all plans (3)
   
544,983
 

(1) As of February 19, 2014 the range of exercise prices of stock options outstanding under all of our equity compensation plans was $4.17 to $19.94 with a weighted average exercise price of $9.13. The weighted average remaining contractual life of stock options outstanding under all of our equity compensation plans as of February 19, 2014 was 6.02 years.
(2) Full-value equity awards have been granted under the Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. The number of authorized shares under the 2010 Plan will be reduced by 2.5 shares for each share subject to a “full-value” equity award.
(3) Represents shares of our Common Stock reserved for issuance under all of our equity compensation plans as of February 19, 2014.

Our Board of Directors believes that it is desirable for, and in the best interests of, the Company to adopt our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan and recommends that our shareholders vote in favor of the adoption of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan.  If the requisite stockholder approval of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan is not obtained, our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan will not take effect.  If such approval is not obtained, we may continue to grant awards under the Amended and Restated 2010 Plan in accordance with its terms and the current share reserve.

Description of the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan

A description of the principal features of the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan is set forth below and is qualified in its entirety by the terms of the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, which is attached to this Proxy Statement as Appendix A.

Eligibility; Administration

Employees of the Company or any of its affiliates will be eligible to receive awards under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. As of February 19, 2013, approximately 35 employees would be eligible to receive equity awards under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. Our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan will be administered by our Compensation Committee, which may delegate its duties and responsibilities to subcommittees of our directors and/or officers, subject to certain limitations that may be imposed under applicable law or regulation, including Section 162(m) of the Code, Section 16 of the Exchange Act and/or stock exchange rules, as applicable. The plan administrator will have the authority to grant and set the terms of all awards under, make all determinations and interpretations under, prescribe all forms for use with, and adopt rules for the administration of, our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, subject to its express terms and conditions.

Limitation on Awards and Shares Available

An aggregate of 1,750,000 shares of our common stock is currently available for issuance under awards granted pursuant to the Amended and Restated 2010 Plan and under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan an aggregate of 2,750,000 shares of our common stock will be available for issuance under awards granted pursuant to our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, which shares may be treasury shares, authorized but unissued shares, or shares purchased in the open market. The number of authorized shares will be reduced by 1 share for each share issued pursuant to a stock option or SAR and by 2.5 shares for each share subject to a “full-value” equity award (which generally includes awards other than stock options and SARs, such as restricted stock and restricted stock units).
The following types of shares will be added back to the available share limit under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan: (x) shares subject to awards that are forfeited, expire or are settled for cash, and (y) shares repurchased by the Company at the same price paid by a participant pursuant to the Company’s repurchase right with respect to restricted stock awards. However, the following types of shares will not be added back to the available share limit under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan: (A) shares tendered by a participant or withheld by the Company in payment of the exercise price of an option; (B) shares withheld to satisfy any tax withholding obligation with respect to an award; (C) shares subject to a SAR that are not issued in connection with the stock settlement of the SAR on exercise thereof; and (D) shares purchased on the open market with the cash proceeds from the exercise of options.

Awards granted under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan upon the assumption of, or in substitution for, awards authorized or outstanding under a qualifying equity plan maintained by an entity with which the Company enters into a merger or similar corporate transaction will not reduce the shares authorized for grant under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. The maximum number of shares of our common stock that may be subject to one or more awards granted to any one participant pursuant to our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan during any calendar year is 400,000, and the maximum amount that may be paid in cash pursuant to our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan to any one participant during any calendar year is $5,000,000.

Awards

Our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, including incentive stock options (“ISOs”) and nonqualified stock options (“NSOs”), restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance awards, dividend equivalent rights, stock payments, deferred stock, deferred stock units, SARs and cash awards. No determination has been made as to the types or amounts of awards that will be granted to specific individuals pursuant to our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. Certain awards under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan may constitute or provide for a deferral of compensation, subject to Section 409A of the Code, which may impose additional requirements on the terms and conditions of such awards. All awards will be set forth in award agreements, which will detail all terms and conditions of the awards, including any applicable vesting and payment terms. Awards other than cash awards will generally be settled in shares of our common stock, but the plan administrator may provide for cash settlement of any award. A brief description of each award type follows.

Stock Options. Stock options provide for the purchase of shares of our common stock in the future at an exercise price set on the grant date. ISOs, by contrast to NSOs, may provide tax deferral beyond exercise and favorable capital gains tax treatment to their holders if certain holding period and other Code requirements are satisfied. The exercise price of a stock option may not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the underlying share on the date of grant (110% in the case of ISOs granted to certain significant shareholders), except with respect to certain substitute options granted in connection with a corporate transaction. The term of a stock option may not be longer than ten years (or five years in the case of ISOs granted to certain significant shareholders). Vesting conditions determined by the plan administrator may apply to stock options, may include continued service, performance and/or other conditions.

Stock Appreciation Rights. SARs entitle their holder, upon exercise, to receive from us an amount equal to the appreciation of the shares subject to the award between the grant date and the exercise date. The exercise price of a SAR may not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the underlying share on the date of grant (except with respect to certain substitute SARs granted in connection with a corporate transaction) and the term of a SAR may not be longer than ten years. Vesting conditions determined by the plan administrator may apply to SARs, and may include continued service, performance and/or other conditions.

Restricted Stock; Deferred Stock; RSUs; Performance Awards. Restricted stock is an award of nontransferable shares of our common stock that remain forfeitable unless and until specified conditions are met, and which may be subject to a purchase price. For shares of restricted stock with performance-based vesting, dividends which are paid prior to vesting will only be paid to the extent that the performance-based vesting conditions are subsequently satisfied and the shares vest. Deferred stock and RSUs are contractual promises to deliver shares of our common stock in the future, which may also remain forfeitable unless and until specified conditions are met. Delivery of the shares underlying these awards may be deferred under the terms of the award or at the election of the participant, if the plan administrator permits such a deferral. Performance awards are contractual rights to receive a range of shares of our common stock, cash, or a combination of cash and shares, in the future based on the attainment of specified performance goals, in addition to other conditions which may apply to these awards. Conditions applicable to restricted stock, deferred stock, RSUs and performance shares may be based on continuing service with us or our affiliates, the attainment of performance goals and/or such other conditions as the plan administrator may determine.
Stock Payments. Stock payments are awards of fully vested shares of our common stock that may, but need not be, made in lieu of base salary, bonus, fees or other cash compensation otherwise payable to any individual who is eligible to receive awards.

Dividend Equivalent Rights. Dividend equivalent rights represent the right to receive the equivalent value of dividends paid on shares of our common stock and may be granted alone or in tandem with awards other than stock options or SARs. Dividend equivalents are credited as of dividend payments dates during the period between the date an award is granted and the date such award vests, is exercised, is distributed or expires, as determined by the plan administrator. Dividend equivalents with respect to an award with performance-based vesting that are based on dividends paid prior to the vesting of such award will only be paid to the extent that the performance-based vesting conditions are subsequently satisfied and the award vests.

Performance Awards

All awards may be granted as performance awards (in addition to those identified above as performance awards), meaning that any such award will be subject to vesting and/or payment based on the attainment of specified performance goals. The plan administrator will determine whether performance awards are intended to constitute “qualified performance-based compensation” (“QPBC”) within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code, in which case the applicable performance criteria will be selected from the list below in accordance with the requirements of Section 162(m) of the Code.

Section 162(m) of the Code imposes a $1,000,000 cap on the compensation deduction that we may take in respect of compensation paid to our “covered employees” (which should include our CEO and our next four most highly compensated employees other than our CFO), but excludes from the calculation of amounts subject to this limitation any amounts that constitute QPBC. In order to constitute QPBC under Section 162(m) of the Code, in addition to certain other requirements, the relevant amounts must be payable only upon the attainment of pre-established, objective performance goals set by our Compensation Committee during the first ninety days of the relevant performance period and linked to shareholder-approved performance criteria.

For purposes of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, one or more of the following performance criteria will be used in setting performance goals applicable to QPBC, and may be used in setting performance goals applicable to other performance awards: (i) net earnings (either before or after one or more of the following: (A) interest, (B) taxes, (C) depreciation and (D) amortization); (ii) gross or net sales or revenue; (iii) net income (either before or after taxes); (iv) adjusted net income; (v) operating earnings or profit; (vi) cash flow (including, but not limited to, operating cash flow and free cash flow); (vii) return on assets; (viii) return on capital; (ix) return on stockholders’ equity; (x) total stockholder return; (xi) return on sales; (xii) gross or net profit or operating margin; (xiii) costs; (xiv) funds from operations; (xv) expenses; (xvi) working capital; (xvii) earnings per share; (xviii) adjusted earnings per share; (xix) price per share of Common Stock; (xx) regulatory body approval for commercialization of a product; (xxi) implementation or completion of critical projects; (xxii) market share; and (xxiii) economic value, any of which may be measured either in absolute terms or as compared to any incremental increase or decrease or as compared to results of a peer group or to market performance indicators or indices. Our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan also permits the plan administrator to provide for objectively determinable adjustments to the applicable performance criteria in setting performance goals for QPBC awards.

Certain Transactions

The plan administrator has broad discretion to equitably adjust the provisions of our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, as well as the terms and conditions of existing and future awards, to prevent the dilution or enlargement of intended benefits and facilitate necessary or desirable changes in the event of certain transactions and events affecting our common stock, such as stock dividends, stock splits, mergers, acquisitions, consolidations and other corporate transactions. In addition, in the event of certain non-reciprocal transactions with our shareholders known as “equity restructurings,” the plan administrator will make equitable adjustments to our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan and outstanding awards. In the event of a change in control of the company (as defined in our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan), the surviving entity must assume outstanding awards or substitute economically equivalent awards for such outstanding awards; however, if the surviving entity refuses to assume or substitute for outstanding awards, then the administrator may cause all awards will vest in full immediately prior to the transaction. If the surviving entity assumes or substitutes for outstanding awards, and a participant undergoes a termination of employment by reason of “Involuntary Termination” or “Good Reason” (both as defined in our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan) on or within two years following the change in control, then all of the participant’s awards assumed or substituted for will vest in full. Individual award agreements may provide for additional accelerated vesting and payment provisions.
Foreign Participants; Transferability; Participant Payments

The plan administrator may modify award terms, establish subplans and/or adjust other terms and conditions of awards, subject to the share limits described above, in order to facilitate grants of awards subject to the laws and/or stock exchange rules of countries outside of the United States. With limited exceptions for estate planning, domestic relations orders, certain beneficiary designations and the laws of descent and distribution, awards under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan are generally non-transferable prior to vesting and are exercisable only by the participant. With regard to tax withholding, exercise price and purchase price obligations arising in connection with awards under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, the plan administrator may, in its discretion, accept cash or check, shares of our common stock that meet specified conditions, a “market sell order” or such other consideration as it deems suitable.

Plan Amendment and Termination

The Board may amend or terminate our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan at any time; however, except in connection with certain changes in capital structure, shareholder approval will be required for any amendment that increases the number of shares available under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan or “reprices” any stock option or SAR (including any grant of cash or another award in respect of any stock option or SAR when the option or SAR price per share exceeds the fair market value of the underlying shares). No award may be granted pursuant to the 2010 Plan after the tenth anniversary of the date on which we adopt our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan.

Federal Income Tax Consequences

The following is a general summary under current law of the material federal income tax consequences to participants in our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. This summary deals with the general tax principles that apply and is provided only for general information. Some kinds of taxes, such as state, local and foreign income taxes, are not discussed.

Incentive Stock Options. The grant of an ISO will not be a taxable event for the grantee or result in a business expense deduction for us. A grantee will not recognize taxable income upon exercise of an ISO (except that the alternative minimum tax may apply), and any gain realized upon a disposition of our common stock received pursuant to the exercise of an ISO will be taxed as long-term capital gain if the grantee holds the shares of common stock for at least two years after the date of grant and for one year after the date of exercise (the “holding period requirement”). We will not be entitled to any business expense deduction with respect to the exercise of an ISO, except as discussed below.

For the exercise of an option to qualify for the foregoing tax treatment, the grantee generally must be our employee or an employee of our subsidiary from the date the option is granted through a date within three months prior to the date of exercise of the option.

If all of the foregoing requirements are met except the holding period requirement mentioned above, the grantee will recognize ordinary income upon the disposition of the common stock in an amount generally equal to the excess of the fair market value of the common stock at the time the option was exercised over the option exercise price (but not in excess of the gain realized on the sale). The balance of the realized gain, if any, will be a capital gain. We will be allowed a business expense deduction to the extent the grantee recognizes ordinary income, subject to our compliance with Section 162(m) of the Code and to certain reporting requirements.

Non-Qualified Options. The grant of a NSO will not be a taxable event for the grantee or result in a compensation expense deduction for us. Upon exercising a NSO, a grantee will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the common stock on the date of exercise. Upon a subsequent sale or exchange of shares acquired pursuant to the exercise of a NSO, the grantee will have taxable capital gain or loss, measured by the difference between the amount realized on the disposition and the tax basis of the shares of common stock (generally, the amount paid for the shares plus the amount treated as ordinary income at the time the option was exercised).
If we comply with applicable reporting requirements and, subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Restricted Stock. A grantee who is awarded shares of restricted stock will not recognize any taxable income for federal income tax purposes in the year of the award, provided that the shares of common stock are subject to restrictions requiring the restricted stock to be nontransferable and subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture. However, the grantee may elect under Section 83(b) of the Code to recognize compensation income in the year of the award in an amount equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the award, less the purchase price, if any, determined without regard to the restrictions. If the grantee does not make such a Section 83(b) election, the fair market value of the common stock on the date the restrictions lapse, less the purchase price, if any, will be treated as compensation income to the grantee and will be taxable in the year the restrictions lapse. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements and, subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Restricted Stock Units. There are no immediate tax consequences of receiving an award of restricted stock units under our Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. A grantee who is awarded restricted stock units will be required to recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the fair market value of shares issued to such grantee at the end of the restriction period or, if later, the date on which shares are delivered in respect of the RSUs. If the delivery date of the shares is deferred more than a short period after vesting, employment taxes will be due in the year of vesting. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements and, subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Dividend Equivalent Awards. Grantees who receive dividend equivalent awards will be required to recognize ordinary income equal to the amount distributed to the grantee pursuant to the award. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements and, subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Stock Appreciation Rights. There are no immediate tax consequences of receiving an award of SARs under the Incentive Award Plan. Upon exercising a SAR, a grantee will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the common stock on the date of exercise. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements and with the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Performance Share Awards. Grantees who receive performance share awards generally will not realize taxable income at the time of the grant of the performance shares, and we will not be entitled to a deduction at that time. When the award is paid, whether in cash or common stock, the grantee will have ordinary income, and, if we comply with applicable reporting requirements and, subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a corresponding deduction.

Stock Payment Awards. Grantees who receive a stock payment in lieu of a cash payment that would otherwise have been made will be taxed as if the cash payment has been received, and, if we comply with applicable reporting requirements and subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will have a deduction in the same amount.

Deferred Stock. A grantee receiving deferred stock generally will not have taxable income upon the issuance of the deferred stock and we will not then be entitled to a deduction. However, when shares underlying the deferred stock are issued to the grantee, he or she will realize ordinary income and, if we comply with applicable reporting requirements and subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a deduction in an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value of the shares at the date of issuance over the purchase price, if any, paid for the deferred stock. Employment taxes with respect to these awards will generally be due in the year of vesting

Performance Awards. The award of a performance or annual incentive award will have no federal income tax consequences for us or for the grantee. The payment of the award is taxable to a grantee as ordinary income. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements and, subject to the restrictions of Section 162(m) of the Code, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.
Section 409A of the Code. Certain types of awards under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, including, but not limited to RSUs and deferred stock, may constitute, or provide for, a deferral of compensation subject to Section 409A of the Code. Unless certain requirements set forth in Section 409A of the Code are complied with, holders of such awards may be taxed earlier than would otherwise be the case (e.g., at the time of vesting instead of the time of payment) and may be subject to an additional 20% penalty tax (and, potentially, certain interest penalties). To the extent applicable, our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan and awards granted under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan are intended to be structured and interpreted to comply with Section 409A of the Code and the Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance that may be issued under Section 409A of the Code.

Section 162(m) of the Code. In general, under Section 162(m) of the Code, income tax deductions of publicly-held corporations may be limited to the extent total compensation for certain executive officers exceeds $1 million (less the amount of any “excess parachute payments” as defined in Section 280G of the Code) in any taxable year of the corporation. However, under Section 162(m) of the Code, the deduction limit does not apply to certain “performance-based” compensation. Our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan has been designed to permit the plan administrator to grant performance awards which are intended to qualify as “performance-based compensation.”

New Plan Benefits

Future benefits under our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan are generally discretionary and therefore are not currently determinable.

Awards Granted Since Inception

The following table provides information as of February 19, 2014, with respect to awards granted under the 2010 Plan to our individual named executive officers and other groups since the inception of the 2010 Plan in 2010.

Awards Granted Under 2010 Plan
Since Inception of Plan Through February 19, 2014

Name and Position
 
Number of
Shares Underlying
Option Grants
   
.Number of
Restricted
Stock Grants
 
Selwyn Joffe
   
316,900
     
97,767
 
David Lee
   
51,800
     
11,600
 
Kevin Daly
   
27,700
     
9,200
 
Steve Kratz
   
61,800
     
13,900
 
Michael Umansky
   
27,200
     
8,300
 
Doug Schooner
   
36,000
     
8,100
 
All Current Executive Officers as a Group
   
544,700
     
154,067
 
All Employees Who Are Not Executive Officers as a Group
   
229,400
     
35,100
 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

The table below sets forth the following information as of March 31, 2013 for (i) all compensation plans previously approved by shareholders; and (ii) all compensation plans not previously approved by shareholders:

(1) the number of securities to be issued upon the exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights:

(2) the weighted-average exercise price of such outstanding options, warrants and rights; and

(3) other than securities to be issued upon the exercise of such outstanding options, warrants and rights, the number of securities remaining available for future issuance under the plan.
Plan Category
 
Number of Securities to be Issued Upon Exercise of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
(a)
   
Weighted-Average Exercise Price of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
(b)
   
Number of Securities Remaining Available for Future Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans (Excluding Securities Reflected in Column(1)
(c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by shareholders
   
1,970,084
   
$
8.73
     
1,135,033
 
Equity compensation plans not approved by shareholders
   
N/
A
   
N/
A
   
N/
A
Total
   
1,970,084
   
$
8.73
     
1,135,033
 

(1) Consists of options issued pursuant to our 1994 Employee Stock Option Plan, 1996 Employee Stock Option Plan, 1994 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan, 2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan, 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan and Amended and Restated 2010 Plan.

(2) Consists of options available for issuance under our Amended and Restated 2010 Plan and 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan.
 
PROPOSAL NO. 5
APPROVAL OF OUR 2014 NON-EMPLOYEE DIRECTOR
INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN

Our Board of Directors approved adoption of the Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. 2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan (the “2014 Plan”) on February 23, 2014.

Purpose

The purpose of the 2014 Plan is to enhance the value of the Company and promote our success by linking the individual interests of Non-Employee Director (as defined below) to the interests of our shareholders and by providing such individuals with an incentive for outstanding performance to generate superior returns to our shareholders. The 2014 Plan is also intended to provide the Company with flexibility in its ability to motivate, attract, and retain the services of such individuals upon whose judgment, interest, and performance our success is largely dependent. The 2014 Plan does not provide for awards to employees or consultants of the Company.  If the 2014 Plan is approved by our shareholders, it will supersede and replace the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan in its entirety.  If our shareholders do not approve the 2014 Plan, the 2014 Plan will not take effect and the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Planwill remain in effect in accordance with its terms.

We anticipate filing a Registration Statement on Form S-8 with the SEC to register the amount of shares of our Common Stock to be included in the aggregate share reserve under the 2014 Plan, effective upon and subject to stockholder approval of the 2014 Plan, as soon as practicable upon such stockholders’ approval of the 2014 Plan.

Background of the Proposal to Approve the 2014 Plan

Our Board of Directors believes that stock ownership by Non-Employee Directors provides performance incentives and fosters long-term commitment to our benefit and the benefit of our stockholders and that the proposed share reserve will provide an adequate reserve of shares of Common Stock under our 2014 Plan to allow us to compete successfully with other companies in attracting and retaining valuable Non-Employee Directors.

See the table included under the heading “Background of the Proposal to Approve Our Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan” for information regarding stock options outstanding, full-value equity awards and shares available for awards under all our equity compensation plans.
In its determination to approve the Second Amended and Restated 2010 Plan, the Board  reviewed an analysis prepared by Towers Watson, its independent compensation consultant, which included an analysis of certain dilution and overhang metrics.

Our Board of Directors believes that it is desirable for, and in the best interests of, the Company to adopt our 2014 Plan and recommends that our shareholders vote in favor of the adoption of our 2014 Plan.  If the requisite stockholder approval of our 2014 Plan is not obtained, our 2014 Plan will not take effect.  If such approval is not obtained, we may continue to grant awards under the 2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan in accordance with its terms and the current share reserve.

Description of the 2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan

A description of the principal features of the 2014 Plan is set forth below and is qualified in its entirety by the terms of the 2014 Plan, which is attached to this Proxy Statement as Appendix B.

Eligibility; Administration

A Director of the Company who is not an officer or other employee (as determined in accordance with Section 3401(c) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder) of the Company or of any Affiliate (each “Non-Employee Director”) will be eligible to receive awards under our 2014 Plan. As of February 19, 2014, six Non-Employee Directors are eligible to participate in the 2014 Plan.  Our 2014 Plan will be administered by our Board, which may delegate its duties and responsibilities to committees of our directors and/or officers, subject to certain limitations that may be imposed under applicable law or regulation, including Section 16 of the Exchange Act and/or stock exchange rules, as applicable. The plan administrator will have the authority to grant and set the terms of all awards under, make all determinations and interpretations under, prescribe all forms for use with, and adopt rules for the administration of, our 2014 Plan, subject to its express terms and conditions.

Limitation on Awards and Shares Available

Under our 2014 Plan, an aggregate of 342,000 shares of our common stock will be available for issuance under awards granted pursuant to our 2014 Plan, which shares may be treasury shares, authorized but unissued shares, or shares purchased in the open market. The number of authorized shares will be reduced by 1 share for each share issued pursuant to a stock option or SAR and by 1.7 shares for each share subject to a “full-value” equity award (which generally includes awards other than stock options and SARs, such as restricted stock and restricted stock units).

The following types of shares will be added back to the available share limit under our 2014 Plan: (x) shares subject to awards that are forfeited, expire or are settled for cash, and (y) shares repurchased by the Company at the same price paid by a participant pursuant to the Company’s repurchase right with respect to restricted stock awards. However, the following types of shares will not be added back to the available share limit under our 2014 Plan: (A) shares tendered by a participant or withheld by the Company in payment of the exercise price of an option; (B) shares withheld to satisfy any tax withholding obligation with respect to an award; (C) shares subject to a SAR that are not issued in connection with the stock settlement of the SAR on exercise thereof; and (D) shares purchased on the open market with the cash proceeds from the exercise of options.

Awards granted under our 2014 Plan upon the assumption of, or in substitution for, awards authorized or outstanding under a qualifying equity plan maintained by an entity with which the Company enters into a merger or similar corporate transaction will not reduce the shares authorized for grant under our 2014 Plan. The maximum aggregate value of awards (determined as of the date of grant under Applicable Accounting Standards (as defined in the 2014 Plan)) that may be subject to one or more awards granted to any one participant pursuant to our 2014 Plan during any calendar year is $200,000.

Awards

Our 2014 Plan provides for the grant of nonqualified stock options (“NSOs”), restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance awards, dividend equivalent rights, stock payments, deferred stock, deferred stock units and SARs. No determination has been made as to the types or amounts of awards that will be granted to specific individuals pursuant to our 2014 Plan. Certain awards under our 2014 Plan may constitute or provide for a deferral of compensation, subject to Section 409A of the Code, which may impose additional requirements on the terms and conditions of such awards. All awards will be set forth in award agreements, which will detail all terms and conditions of the awards, including any applicable vesting and payment terms. Awards will generally be settled in shares of our common stock, but the plan administrator may provide for cash settlement of any award. A brief description of each award type follows.
Stock Options. Stock options provide for the purchase of shares of our common stock in the future at an exercise price set on the grant date. The exercise price of a stock option may not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the underlying share on the date of grant, except with respect to certain substitute options granted in connection with a corporate transaction. The term of a stock option may not be longer than ten years. Vesting conditions determined by the plan administrator may apply to stock options, may include continued service, performance and/or other conditions.

Stock Appreciation Rights. SARs entitle their holder, upon exercise, to receive from us an amount equal to the appreciation of the shares subject to the award between the grant date and the exercise date. The exercise price of a SAR may not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the underlying share on the date of grant (except with respect to certain substitute SARs granted in connection with a corporate transaction) and the term of a SAR may not be longer than ten years. Vesting conditions determined by the plan administrator may apply to SARs, and may include continued service, performance and/or other conditions.

Restricted Stock; Deferred Stock; RSUs; Performance Awards. Restricted stock is an award of nontransferable shares of our common stock that remain forfeitable unless and until specified conditions are met, and which may be subject to a purchase price. For shares of restricted stock with performance-based vesting, dividends which are paid prior to vesting will only be paid to the extent that the performance-based vesting conditions are subsequently satisfied and the shares vest. Deferred stock and RSUs are contractual promises to deliver shares of our common stock in the future, which may also remain forfeitable unless and until specified conditions are met. Delivery of the shares underlying these awards may be deferred under the terms of the award or at the election of the participant, if the plan administrator permits such a deferral. Performance awards are contractual rights to receive a range of shares of our common stock, cash, or a combination of cash and shares, in the future based on the attainment of specified performance goals, in addition to other conditions which may apply to these awards. Conditions applicable to restricted stock, deferred stock, RSUs and performance shares may be based on continuing service with us or our affiliates, the attainment of performance goals and/or such other conditions as the plan administrator may determine.

Stock Payments. Stock payments are awards of fully vested shares of our common stock that may, but need not be, made in lieu of base salary, bonus, fees or other cash compensation otherwise payable to any individual who is eligible to receive awards.

Dividend Equivalent Rights. Dividend equivalent rights represent the right to receive the equivalent value of dividends paid on shares of our common stock and may be granted alone or in tandem with awards other than stock options or SARs. Dividend equivalents are credited as of dividend payments dates during the period between the date an award is granted and the date such award vests, is exercised, is distributed or expires, as determined by the plan administrator. Dividend equivalents with respect to an award with performance-based vesting that are based on dividends paid prior to the vesting of such award will only be paid to the extent that the performance-based vesting conditions are subsequently satisfied and the award vests.

Performance Awards

All awards may be granted as performance awards (in addition to those identified above as performance awards), meaning that any such award will be subject to vesting and/or payment based on the attainment of specified performance goals.

Certain Transactions

The plan administrator has broad discretion to equitably adjust the provisions of our 2014 Plan, as well as the terms and conditions of existing and future awards, to prevent the dilution or enlargement of intended benefits and facilitate necessary or desirable changes in the event of certain transactions and events affecting our common stock, such as stock dividends, stock splits, mergers, acquisitions, consolidations and other corporate transactions. In addition, in the event of certain non-reciprocal transactions with our shareholders known as “equity restructurings,” the plan administrator will make equitable adjustments to our 2014 Plan and outstanding awards. In the event of a change in control of the company (as defined in our 2014 Plan), the surviving entity must assume outstanding awards or substitute economically equivalent awards for such outstanding awards; however, if the surviving entity refuses to assume or substitute for outstanding awards, then the administrator may cause all awards will vest in full immediately prior to the transaction. If the surviving entity assumes or substitutes for outstanding awards, and a participant undergoes a termination of employment by reason of “Involuntary Termination” or “Good Reason” (both as defined in our 2014 Plan) on or within two years following the change in control, then all of the participant’s awards assumed or substituted for will vest in full. Individual award agreements may provide for additional accelerated vesting and payment provisions.
Foreign Participants; Transferability; Participant Payments

The plan administrator may modify award terms, establish subplans and/or adjust other terms and conditions of awards, subject to the share limits described above, in order to facilitate grants of awards subject to the laws and/or stock exchange rules of countries outside of the United States. With limited exceptions for estate planning, domestic relations orders, certain beneficiary designations and the laws of descent and distribution, awards under our 2014 Plan are generally non-transferable prior to vesting and are exercisable only by the participant. With regard to tax withholding, exercise price and purchase price obligations arising in connection with awards under our 2014 Plan, the plan administrator may, in its discretion, accept cash or check, shares of our common stock that meet specified conditions, a “market sell order” or such other consideration as it deems suitable.

Plan Amendment and Termination
The Board may amend or terminate our 2014 Plan at any time; however, except in connection with certain changes in capital structure, shareholder approval will be required for any amendment that increases the number of shares available under our 2014 Plan or “reprices” any stock option or SAR (including any grant of cash or another award in respect of any stock option or SAR when the option or SAR price per share exceeds the fair market value of the underlying shares). No award may be granted pursuant to the 2010 Plan after the tenth anniversary of the date on which we adopt our 2014 Plan.

Federal Income Tax Consequences
 
The following is a general summary under current law of the material federal income tax consequences to participants in our 2014 Plan. This summary deals with the general tax principles that apply and is provided only for general information. Some kinds of taxes, such as state, local and foreign income taxes, are not discussed.

Non-Qualified Options. The grant of a NSO will not be a taxable event for the grantee or result in a compensation expense deduction for us. Upon exercising a NSO, a grantee will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the common stock on the date of exercise. Upon a subsequent sale or exchange of shares acquired pursuant to the exercise of a NSO, the grantee will have taxable capital gain or loss, measured by the difference between the amount realized on the disposition and the tax basis of the shares of common stock (generally, the amount paid for the shares plus the amount treated as ordinary income at the time the option was exercised).

If we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Restricted Stock. A grantee who is awarded shares of restricted stock will not recognize any taxable income for federal income tax purposes in the year of the award, provided that the shares of common stock are subject to restrictions requiring the restricted stock to be nontransferable and subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture. However, the grantee may elect under Section 83(b) of the Code to recognize compensation income in the year of the award in an amount equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the award, less the purchase price, if any, determined without regard to the restrictions. If the grantee does not make such a Section 83(b) election, the fair market value of the common stock on the date the restrictions lapse, less the purchase price, if any, will be treated as compensation income to the grantee and will be taxable in the year the restrictions lapse. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Restricted Stock Units. There are no immediate tax consequences of receiving an award of restricted stock units under our Amended and Restated 2010 Plan. A grantee who is awarded restricted stock units will be required to recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the fair market value of shares issued to such grantee at the end of the restriction period or, if later, the date on which shares are delivered in respect of the RSUs. If the delivery date of the shares is deferred more than a short period after vesting, employment taxes will be due in the year of vesting. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.
Dividend Equivalent Awards. Grantees who receive dividend equivalent awards will be required to recognize ordinary income equal to the amount distributed to the grantee pursuant to the award. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Stock Appreciation Rights. There are no immediate tax consequences of receiving an award of SARs under the Incentive Award Plan. Upon exercising a SAR, a grantee will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the common stock on the date of exercise. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Performance Share Awards. Grantees who receive performance share awards generally will not realize taxable income at the time of the grant of the performance shares, and we will not be entitled to a deduction at that time. When the award is paid, whether in cash or common stock, the grantee will have ordinary income, and, if we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a corresponding deduction.

Stock Payment Awards. Grantees who receive a stock payment in lieu of a cash payment that would otherwise have been made will be taxed as if the cash payment has been received, and, if we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will have a deduction in the same amount.

Deferred Stock. A grantee receiving deferred stock generally will not have taxable income upon the issuance of the deferred stock and we will not then be entitled to a deduction. However, when shares underlying the deferred stock are issued to the grantee, he or she will realize ordinary income and, if we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a deduction in an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value of the shares at the date of issuance over the purchase price, if any, paid for the deferred stock. Employment taxes with respect to these awards will generally be due in the year of vesting

Performance Awards. The award of a performance or annual incentive award will have no federal income tax consequences for us or for the grantee. The payment of the award is taxable to a grantee as ordinary income. If we comply with applicable reporting requirements, we will be entitled to a business expense deduction in the same amount and generally at the same time as the grantee recognizes ordinary income.

Section 409A of the Code. Certain types of awards under our 2014 Plan, including, but not limited to RSUs and deferred stock, may constitute, or provide for, a deferral of compensation subject to Section 409A of the Code. Unless certain requirements set forth in Section 409A of the Code are complied with, holders of such awards may be taxed earlier than would otherwise be the case (e.g., at the time of vesting instead of the time of payment) and may be subject to an additional 20% penalty tax (and, potentially, certain interest penalties). To the extent applicable, our 2014 Plan and awards granted under our 2014 Plan are intended to be structured and interpreted to comply with Section 409A of the Code and the Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance that may be issued under Section 409A of the Code.

Director Equity Compensation Policy

As contemplated by the 2014 Plan, the Board will adopt a director equity compensation policy (the “Policy”) upon effectiveness of the 2014 Plan. The Board may, at any time and from time to time, terminate, modify, amend or suspend the Policy; provided, however, that, without the prior consent of the Non-Employee Directors, no such action may adversely affect any rights or obligations with respect to any earned but unpaid Awards hereunder, whether or not the amounts of such Awards have been computed and whether or not such Awards are then payable.  Each equity award described in the Policy shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the Plan and the applicable Award Agreement.

Upon an Non-Employee Director’s initial election or appointment (as applicable) to the Board on or after the effective date of the 2014 Plan, such Non-Employee Director shall automatically be granted, without further action by the Company, the Board, or the Company’s stockholders, an award of Restricted Stock Units (as defined in the 2014 Plan) to acquire a number of shares of Common Stock (rounded down to the nearest whole number) equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (i) $100,000 by (ii) the Fair Market Value (as defined in the 2014 Plan) of a share of Common Stock on the date of grant (rounded down to the nearest two decimal places) (each such grant, an “Initial RSU Award”). On the date of each annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders to occur on or after the effective date of the 2014 Plan, each Non-Employee Director shall automatically be granted, without further action by the Company, the Board, or the Company’s stockholders, an award of Restricted Stock Units to acquire a number of shares of Common Stock (rounded down to the nearest whole number) equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (i) $50,000 by (ii) the Fair Market Value (as defined in the 2014 Plan) of a share of Common Stock on the date of grant (rounded down to the nearest two decimal places) (each such grant, an “Annual RSU Award” and, together with the Initial RSU Awards, the “RSU Awards”).
One-third (1/3rd) of each RSU Award will vest on each of the first (1st), second (2nd) and third (3rd) anniversaries of the date of grant, subject to the holder’s continued status as a Non-Employee Director through each applicable vesting date; provided, however, that each RSU Award will vest in full (to the extent then-unvested) upon the holder’s Termination of Service (as defined in the 2014 Plan) due to his or her death.  In addition, each RSU Award will vest in full immediately prior to a Change in Control (as defined in the 2014 Plan), subject to the holder’s continued status as a Non-Employee Director through at least immediately prior to such Change in Control (as defined in the 2014 Plan).

New Plan Benefits

The table below sets for the benefits or amounts which would have been received by or allocated to the Non-Employee Directors during fiscal year 2013 if the 2014 Plan and the Policy had been in effect during fiscal year 2013.

Name
 
Dollar Value ($)
   
Number of Shares/Units
Covered
by Awards
 
Scott Adelson
 
$
50,000
     
8,156
 
Rudolph Borneo
 
$
50,000
     
8,156
 
Philip Gay
 
$
50,000
     
8,156
 
Mel Marks
 
$
50,000
     
8,156
 
Jeffrey Mirvis
 
$
50,000
     
8,156
 
Duane Miller
 
$
50,000
     
8,156
 
All current directors who are not executive officers as a group
 
$
600,000
     
48,936
 
 
               

PROPOSAL NO. 6
ADVISORY VOTE ON THE COMPENSATION OF OUR
NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

Our Board is committed to a compensation philosophy and program that promotes our ability to attract, retain and motivate individuals who can achieve superior financial results. As part of that commitment, and in accordance with the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), our shareholders are being asked to approve in an advisory resolution the compensation of our named executive officers as reported in this proxy statement.  Our Board previously determined to provide our shareholders with the opportunity to vote, on a non-binding, advisory basis, on our named executive officers’ compensation every year.  Accordingly, our next advisory say on pay vote, following our 2014 annual shareholders meeting, will occur at our 2015 annual shareholders meeting.

This proposal is our “say on pay” proposal. It gives you the opportunity to let us know how you view the overall compensation of our named executive officers and the policies and practices described in this proxy statement. It is not intended to address any specific item of compensation. In considering how to vote on this proposal, we encourage you to review all the relevant information in this proxy statement – our CD&A, the compensation tables, and the rest of the narrative disclosures regarding our executive compensation program. Your vote will not directly affect or otherwise limit any compensation or award arrangement of any of the named executive officers. Because your vote is advisory, it is non-binding on our Board; however, our Board will take into account the outcome of the vote on the say on pay proposal when considering future compensation. We invite shareholders who wish to communicate with our Board on executive compensation or any other matters to contact us as provided under “MISCELLANEOUS - Shareholder Communications with Our Board.”

Accordingly, in compliance with the Dodd-Frank Act, we ask you to approve the following resolution:

“RESOLVED, that the shareholders of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. approve on an advisory basis, the compensation of the Company’s named executive officers set forth in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the Summary Compensation Table and the related compensation tables and narrative in this proxy statement.”

Vote Required

A majority of the votes cast by holders entitled to vote at the meeting must vote “FOR” this proposal to approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, the compensation of our named executive officers. The enclosed form of proxy provides a means for you to vote “For,” Against” or to “Abstain” on this proposal. Each properly executed proxy received in time for the meeting will be voted as specified therein. Abstentions will have no effect on the outcome of the vote on this proposal.

Board of Recommendation

OUR BOARD RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE APPROVAL, ON A NON-BINDING ADVISORY BASIS, OF THE COMPENSATION OF OUR NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS.

MISCELLANEOUS

Shareholder Proposals

To be considered for inclusion in next year’s proxy statement, shareholder proposals submitted in accordance with SEC’s Rule 14a-8 must be received at our principal executive offices no later than the close of business on October ___, 2014. Proposals should be addressed to Corporate Secretary, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503.

Our Amended and Restated By-Laws require that any shareholder proposal that is not submitted for inclusion in next year’s proxy statement under SEC Rule 14a-8, but is instead sought to be presented directly at the next annual meeting of shareholders, must be received at our principal executive offices not less than 90 days nor more than 120 days prior to the one-year anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting of shareholders. As a result, proposals, including director nominations, submitted pursuant to the provisions of our Amended and Restated By-Laws must be received no earlier than November __, 2014 nor later than December __, 2014.  Proposals should be addressed to Corporate Secretary, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503 and include the information set forth in our Amended and Restated By-Laws.  SEC Rules permit management to vote proxies in its discretion in certain cases if the shareholder does not comply with these deadlines, and in certain other cases notwithstanding the shareholder’s compliance with these deadlines.
 
Shareholder Communication with our Board

Any communications from shareholders to our Board of Directors must be addressed in writing and mailed to the attention of the Board of Directors, c/o Corporate Secretary, 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503. The Corporate Secretary will compile the communications, summarize lengthy or repetitive communications and forward these communications to the directors, in accordance with the judgment of our Chairman of the Board. Any matter relating to our financial statements, accounting practices or internal controls should be addressed to the Audit Committee Chairman.

Other Matters

We are not aware of any matters other than those specifically referred to in this Proxy Statement that may be brought before the meeting. If any other matters or motions should properly come before the meeting, including a motion to postpone or adjourn the meeting, the persons named in the Proxy intend to vote on any such matter in accordance with their best judgment, including any matters or motions dealing with the conduct of the meeting.

Annual Report on Form 10-K

Copies of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013 and the Form 10‑K/A as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 29, 2013 are being mailed to each shareholder of record together with this proxy statement.

Proxies

All shareholders are urged to fill in their choices with respect to the matters to be voted on, sign, date and promptly return the enclosed form of Proxy.

Householding of Proxy Materials

The SEC has adopted rules that permit companies and intermediaries (e.g., brokers) to satisfy the delivery requirements for proxy statements and annual reports with respect to two or more shareholders sharing the same address by delivering a single proxy statement addressed to those shareholders. This process, which is commonly referred to as “householding,” potentially means extra convenience for shareholders and cost savings for companies.

This year, a number of brokers with account holders who are our shareholders will be “householding” our proxy materials. A single proxy statement may be delivered to multiple shareholders sharing an address unless contrary instructions have been received from the affected shareholders. Once you have received notice from your broker that it will be “householding” communications to your address, “householding” will continue until you are notified otherwise or until you notify your broker or us that you no longer wish to participate in “householding.” If, at any time, you no longer wish to participate in “householding” and would prefer to receive a separate proxy statement and annual report in the future you may (i) notify your broker or (ii) direct your written request to: Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. Attn: Corporate Secretary, 2929 California Street, Torrance, California 90503, telephone: (310) 212-7910. Shareholders who currently receive multiple copies of the proxy statement at their address and would like to request “householding” of their communications should contact their broker. In addition, we will promptly deliver, upon written or oral request to the address or telephone number above, a separate copy of the annual report and proxy statement to a shareholder at a shared address to which a single copy of the documents was delivered.

By order of the Board of Directors
 
Michael M. Umansky,
Secretary

February ___, 2014
Appendix A
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.
SECOND AMENDED AND RESTATED 2010 INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN
ARTICLE 1.
PURPOSE

The Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan (as it may be amended or restated from time to time, the “Plan”) amends and restates in its entirety the Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan.  The purpose of the Plan is to promote the success and enhance the value of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) by linking the individual interests of Employees to those of Company stockholders and by providing such individuals with an incentive for outstanding performance to generate superior returns to Company stockholders. The Plan is further intended to provide flexibility to the Company in its ability to motivate, attract, and retain the services of Employees upon whose judgment, interest, and special effort the successful conduct of the Company’s operation is largely dependent.

ARTICLE 2.
DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION

Wherever the following terms are used in the Plan they shall have the meanings specified below, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The singular pronoun shall include the plural where the context so indicates.

     2.1 “Administrator” shall mean the entity that conducts the general administration of the Plan as provided in Article 13. With reference to the duties of the Committee under the Plan which have been delegated to one or more persons pursuant to Section 13.6, or as to which the Board has assumed, the term “Administrator” shall refer to such person(s) unless the Committee or the Board has revoked such delegation or the Board has terminated the assumption of such duties.

     2.2 “Affiliate” shall mean (a) Subsidiary; and (b) any domestic eligible entity that is disregarded, under Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-3, as an entity separate from either (i) the Company or (ii) any Subsidiary.

     2.3 “Applicable Accounting Standards” shall mean Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States, International Financial Reporting Standards or such other accounting principles or standards as may apply to the Company’s financial statements under United States federal securities laws from time to time.

     2.4 “Approval Date” shall mean the date that the Plan is approved by the Company’s stockholders.

     2.5 “Award” shall mean an Option, a Restricted Stock award, a Restricted Stock Unit award, a Performance Award, a Dividend Equivalents award, a Deferred Stock award, a Deferred Stock Unit award, a Stock Payment award or a Stock Appreciation Right, which may be awarded or granted under the Plan (collectively, “Awards”).

     2.6 “Award Agreement” shall mean any written notice, agreement, terms and conditions, contract or other instrument or document evidencing an Award, including through electronic medium, which shall contain such terms and conditions with respect to an Award as the Administrator shall determine consistent with the Plan.

     2.7 “Award Limit” shall mean with respect to Awards that shall be payable in Shares or in cash, as the case may be, the respective limit set forth in Section 3.3.

     2.8 “Board” shall mean the Board of Directors of the Company.

     2.9 “Cause” shall mean an Employee’s breach of his or her written employment agreement (or consulting or advisory contract), in the event one exists, or if the Administrator determines that such Employee is being terminated as a result of misconduct, dishonesty, disloyalty, disobedience or action that might reasonably injure the Company, Parent or Subsidiary or their business interests or reputation.

     2.10 “Change in Control” shall mean a change in control of a nature that would be required to be reported in response to item 6(e) of Schedule 14A of Regulation 14A promulgated under the Exchange Act as such Schedule, Regulation and Act were in effect on the date of adoption of the Plan by the Board, assuming that such Schedule, Regulation and Act applied to the Company, provided that such change in control shall be deemed to have occurred at such time as:
  (a) any “person” (as that term is used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d)(2) of the Exchange Act) (other than the Company or an affiliate of the Company) becomes, directly or indirectly, the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act) of securities representing 30% or more of the combined voting power for election of members of the Board of the then outstanding voting securities of the Company or any successor of the Company;

  (b) during any period of two (2) consecutive years or less, individuals who at the beginning of such period constituted the Board of the Company cease, for any reason, to constitute at least a majority of the Board, unless the election or nomination for election of each new member of the Board was approved by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members of the Board then still in office who were members of the Board at the beginning of the period;

  (c) the equity holders of the Company approve any merger or consolidation to which the Company is a party as a result of which the persons who were equity holders of the Company immediately prior to the effective date of the merger or consolidation (and excluding, however, any shares held by any party to such merger or consolidation and their affiliates) shall have beneficial ownership of less than 50% of the combined voting power for election of members of the Board (or equivalent) of the surviving entity following the effective date of such merger or consolidation; or

  (d) the equity holders of the Company approve any merger or consolidation as a result of which the equity interests in the Company shall be changed, converted or exchanged (other than a merger with a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company) or any liquidation of the Company or any sale or other disposition of 50% or more of the assets or earnings power of the Company; provided however, that no Change in Control shall be deemed to have occurred if, prior to such time as a Change in Control would otherwise be deemed to have occurred, the Board determines otherwise.

In addition, if a Change in Control constitutes a payment event with respect to any Award which provides for the deferral of compensation and is subject to Section 409A of the Code, the transaction or event described in subsection (a), (b), (c) or (d) with respect to such Award must also constitute a “change in control event,” as defined in Treasury Regulation §1.409A-3(i)(5) to the extent required by Section 409A.

The Committee shall have full and final authority, which shall be exercised in its discretion, to determine conclusively whether a Change in Control of the Company has occurred pursuant to the above definition, and the date of the occurrence of such Change in Control and any incidental matters relating thereto.

     2.11 “Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, together with the regulations and official guidance promulgated thereunder.

     2.12 “Committee” shall mean the Compensation Committee of the Board, or another committee or subcommittee of the Board, appointed as provided in Section 13.1.

     2.13 “Common Stock” shall mean the common stock of the Company, par value $0.01 per share.

     2.14 “Company” shall have the meaning set forth in Article 1.

     2.15 “Covered Employee” shall mean any Employee who is, or could be, a “covered employee” within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code.

     2.16 “Deferred Stock” shall mean a right to receive Shares awarded under Section 10.4.

     2.17 “Deferred Stock Unit” shall mean a right to receive Shares awarded under Section 10.5.

     2.18 “Director” shall mean a member of the Board, as constituted from time to time.

     2.19 “Disability” shall mean any complete and permanent disability as defined in Section 22(e)(3) of the Code and determined in accordance with the procedures set forth in the regulations, thereunder.
     2.20 “Dividend Equivalent” shall mean a right to receive the equivalent value (in cash or Shares) of dividends paid on Shares, awarded under Section 10.2.

     2.21 “DRO” shall mean a domestic relations order as defined by the Code or Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time, or the rules thereunder.

     2.22 “Effective Date” shall mean the date the Plan is approved by the Board, subject to approval of the Plan by the Company’s stockholders.

     2.23 “Eligible Individual” shall mean any person who is an Employee, as determined by the Committee.

     2.24 “Employee” shall mean any officer or other employee (as determined in accordance with Section 3401(c) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder) of the Company or of any Affiliate.

     2.25 “Equity Restructuring” shall mean a nonreciprocal transaction between the Company and its stockholders, such as a stock dividend, stock split, spin-off, rights offering or recapitalization through a large, nonrecurring cash dividend, that affects the number or kind of shares of Common Stock (or other securities of the Company) or the share price of Common Stock (or other securities) and causes a change in the per share value of the Common Stock underlying outstanding Awards.

     2.26 “Exchange Act” shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time.

     2.27 “Fair Market Value” shall mean, as of any given date, the value of a Share determined as follows:
 
  (a) If the Common Stock is listed on any (i) established securities exchange (such as the New York Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ Global Market and the NASDAQ Global Select Market), (ii) national market system or (iii) automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded, its Fair Market Value shall be the closing sales price for a share of Common Stock as quoted on such exchange or system for such date or, if there is no closing sales price for a share of Common Stock on the date in question, the closing sales price for a share of Common Stock on the last preceding date for which such quotation exists, as reported in The Wall Street Journal or such other source as the Administrator deems reliable;

  (b) If the Common Stock is not listed on an established securities exchange, national market system or automated quotation system, but the Common Stock is regularly quoted by a recognized securities dealer, its Fair Market Value shall be the mean of the high bid and low asked prices for such date or, if there are no high bid and low asked prices for a share of Common Stock on such date, the high bid and low asked prices for a share of Common Stock on the last preceding date for which such information exists, as reported in The Wall Street Journal or such other source as the Administrator deems reliable; or

  (c) If the Common Stock is neither listed on an established securities exchange, national market system or automated quotation system nor regularly quoted by a recognized securities dealer, its Fair Market Value shall be established by the Administrator in good faith.

     2.28 “Full Value Award” shall mean any Award other than (i) an Option, (ii) a Stock Appreciation Right or (iii) any other Award for which the Holder pays the intrinsic value existing as of the date of grant (whether directly or by forgoing a right to receive a payment from the Company or any Affiliate).

     2.29 “Good Reason” shall mean an Employee’s resignation within two years of a Change in Control, caused by and within ninety (90) days of the following: (a) without the express written consent of Employee, any duties that are assigned that are materially inconsistent with Employee’s position, duties and status with the Company at the time of the Change in Control; (b) any action by the Company that results in a material diminution in the position, duties or status of Employee with the Company at the time of the Change in Control or any transfer or proposed transfer of Employee for any extended period to a location outside his principal place of employment at the time of the Change in Control without his consent, except for a transfer or proposed transfer for strategic reallocations of the personnel reporting to Employee; (c) the base annual salary of Employee, as the same may hereafter be increased from time to time, is reduced; or (d) without limiting the generality or effect of the foregoing, the Company fails to comply with any of its material obligations hereunder.
     2.30 “Greater Than 10% Stockholder” shall mean an individual then owning (within the meaning of Section 424(d) of the Code) more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the Company or any subsidiary corporation (as defined in Section 424(f) of the Code) or parent corporation thereof (as defined in Section 424(e) of the Code).

     2.31 “Holder” shall mean a person who has been granted an Award.

     2.32 “Incentive Stock Option” shall mean an Option that is intended to qualify as an incentive stock option and conforms to the applicable provisions of Section 422 of the Code.

     2.33 “Involuntary Termination” shall mean the termination of an Employee’s employment by the Company other than for death, Disability, Retirement, or Cause, by such Employee for Good Reason.

     2.34 “Non-Employee Director” shall mean a Director of the Company who is not an Employee.

     2.35 “Non-Qualified Stock Option” shall mean an Option that is not an Incentive Stock Option.

     2.36 “Option” shall mean a right to purchase Shares at a specified exercise price, granted under Article 6. An Option shall be either a Non-Qualified Stock Option or an Incentive Stock Option.

     2.37 “Option Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6.4.

     2.38 “Parent” shall mean any entity (other than the Company), whether domestic or foreign, in an unbroken chain of entities ending with the Company if each of the entities other than the Company beneficially owns, at the time of the determination, securities or interests representing at least fifty percent (50%) of the total combined voting power of all classes of securities or interests in one of the other entities in such chain.

     2.39 “Performance Award” shall mean a cash bonus award, stock bonus award, performance award or incentive award that is paid in cash, Shares or a combination of both, awarded under Section 10.1.

     2.40 “Performance-Based Compensation” shall mean any compensation that is intended to qualify as “performance-based compensation” as described in Section 162(m)(4)(C) of the Code.

     2.41 “Performance Criteria” shall mean the criteria (and adjustments) that the Committee selects for an Award for purposes of establishing the Performance Goal or Performance Goals for a Performance Period, determined as follows:
 
  (a) The Performance Criteria that shall be used to establish Performance Goals are limited to the following: (i) net earnings (either before or after one or more of the following: (A) interest, (B) taxes, (C) depreciation and (D) amortization); (ii) gross or net sales or revenue; (iii) net income (either before or after taxes); (iv) adjusted net income; (v) operating earnings or profit; (vi) cash flow (including, but not limited to, operating cash flow and free cash flow); (vii) return on assets; (viii) return on capital; (ix) return on stockholders’ equity; (x) total stockholder return; (xi) return on sales; (xii) gross or net profit or operating margin; (xiii) costs; (xiv) funds from operations; (xv) expenses; (xvi) working capital; (xvii) earnings per share; (xviii) adjusted earnings per share; (xix) price per share of Common Stock; (xx) regulatory body approval for commercialization of a product; (xxi) implementation or completion of critical projects; (xxii) market share; and (xxiii) economic value, any of which may be measured either in absolute terms or as compared to any incremental increase or decrease or as compared to results of a peer group or to market performance indicators or indices.

  (b) The Administrator may, in its sole discretion, provide that one or more objectively determinable adjustments shall be made to one or more of the Performance Goals. Such adjustments may include one or more of the following: (i) items related to a change in accounting principle; (ii) items relating to financing activities; (iii) expenses for restructuring or productivity initiatives; (iv) other non-operating items; (v) items related to acquisitions; (vi) items attributable to the business operations of any entity acquired by the Company during the Performance Period; (vii) items related to the disposal of a business or segment of a business; (viii) items related to discontinued operations that do not qualify as a segment of a business under Applicable Accounting Standards; (ix) items attributable to any stock dividend, stock split, combination or exchange of stock occurring during the Performance Period; (x) any other items of significant income or expense which are determined to be appropriate adjustments; (xi) items relating to unusual or extraordinary corporate transactions, events or developments, (xii) items related to amortization of acquired intangible assets; (xiii) items that are outside the scope of the Company’s core, on-going business activities; (xiv) items related to acquired in-process research and development; (xv) items relating to changes in tax laws; (xvi) items relating to major licensing or partnership arrangements; (xvii) items relating to asset impairment charges; (xviii) items relating to gains or losses for litigation, arbitration and contractual settlements; or (xix) items relating to any other unusual or nonrecurring events or changes in applicable laws, accounting principles or business conditions. For all Awards intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, such determinations shall be made within the time prescribed by, and otherwise in compliance with, Section 162(m) of the Code.
     2.42 “Performance Goals” shall mean, for a Performance Period, one or more goals established in writing by the Administrator for the Performance Period based upon one or more Performance Criteria. Depending on the Performance Criteria used to establish such Performance Goals, the Performance Goals may be expressed in terms of overall Company performance or the performance of a Subsidiary, division, business unit, or an individual. The achievement of each Performance Goal shall be determined, to the extent applicable, with reference to Applicable Accounting Standards.

     2.43 “Performance Period” shall mean one or more periods of time, which may be of varying and overlapping durations, as the Administrator may select, over which the attainment of one or more Performance Goals will be measured for the purpose of determining a Holder’s right to, and the payment of, an Award.

     2.44 “Performance Stock Unit” shall mean a Performance Award awarded under Section 10.1 which is denominated in units of value including dollar value of shares of Common Stock.

     2.45 “Permitted Transferee” shall mean, with respect to a Holder, any “family member” of the Holder, as defined under the instructions to use the Form S-8 Registration Statement under the Securities Act, after taking into account any state, federal, local or foreign tax and securities laws applicable to transferable Awards.

     2.46 “Plan” shall have the meaning set forth in Article 1.

     2.47 “Prior Plan” shall mean the Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. 2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan, as such plan may be amended from time to time.

     2.48 “Program” shall mean any program adopted by the Administrator pursuant to the Plan containing the terms and conditions intended to govern a specified type of Award granted under the Plan and pursuant to which such type of Award may be granted under the Plan.

     2.49 “Restricted Stock” shall mean Common Stock awarded under Article 8 that is subject to certain restrictions and may be subject to risk of forfeiture or repurchase.

     2.50 “Restricted Stock Units” shall mean the right to receive Shares awarded under Article 9.

     2.51 “Retirement” shall mean the termination of employment by the Company, Parent or Subsidiary constituting retirement, as determined by the Administrator.

     2.52 “Securities Act” shall mean the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

     2.53 “Share Limit” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(a).

     2.54 “Shares” shall mean shares of Common Stock.

     2.55 “Stock Appreciation Right” shall mean a stock appreciation right granted under Article 11.

     2.56 “Stock Appreciation Right Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 11.4.

     2.57 “Stock Payment” shall mean (a) a payment in the form of Shares, or (b) an option or other right to purchase Shares, as part of a bonus, deferred compensation or other arrangement, awarded under Section 10.3.
     2.58 “Subsidiary” shall mean any entity (other than the Company), whether domestic or foreign, in an unbroken chain of entities beginning with the Company if each of the entities other than the last entity in the unbroken chain beneficially owns, at the time of the determination, securities or interests representing at least fifty percent (50%) of the total combined voting power of all classes of securities or interests in one of the other entities in such chain.

     2.59 “Substitute Award” shall mean an Award granted under the Plan upon the assumption of, or in substitution for, outstanding equity awards previously granted by a company or other entity in connection with a corporate transaction, such as a merger, combination, consolidation or acquisition of property or stock; provided, however, that in no event shall the term “Substitute Award” be construed to refer to an award made in connection with the cancellation and repricing of an Option or Stock Appreciation Right.

     2.60 “Termination of Service” shall mean, as to an Employee, the time when the employee-employer relationship between a Holder and the Company or any Affiliate is terminated for any reason, including, without limitation, a termination by resignation, discharge, death, disability or retirement; but excluding terminations where the Holder simultaneously commences or remains in employment or service with the Company or any Affiliate. The Administrator, in its sole discretion, shall determine the effect of all matters and questions relating to Terminations of Service, including, without limitation, the question of whether a Termination of Service was by reason of Cause, Disability, Good Reason, or Retirement and all questions of whether particular leaves of absence constitute a Termination of Service; provided, however, that, with respect to Incentive Stock Options, unless the Administrator otherwise provides in the terms of the Program, the Award Agreement or otherwise, a leave of absence, change in status from an employee to an independent contractor or other change in the employee-employer relationship shall constitute a Termination of Service only if, and to the extent that, such leave of absence, change in status or other change interrupts employment for the purposes of Section 422(a)(2) of the Code and the then applicable regulations and revenue rulings under said Section. For purposes of the Plan, a Holder’s employee-employer relationship or consultancy relations shall be deemed to be terminated in the event that the Affiliate employing or contracting with such Holder ceases to remain an Affiliate following any merger, sale of stock or other corporate transaction or event (including, without limitation, a spin-off).

ARTICLE 3.
SHARES SUBJECT TO THE PLAN

     3.1 Number of Shares.

  (a) Subject to Section 14.2 and Section 3.1(b) hereof, the aggregate number of Shares which may be issued or transferred pursuant to Awards under the Plan is 2,750,000 (the “Share Limit”); provided, however, that the Share Limit shall be reduced by 2.5 shares for each Share delivered in settlement of any Full Value Award. After the Approval Date, no awards may be granted under the Prior Plan, however, any awards under the Prior Plan that are outstanding as of the Approval Date shall continue to be subject to the terms and conditions of the Prior Plan.

  (b) If any Shares subject to an Award are forfeited or expire or an Award is settled for cash (in whole or in part), the Shares subject to such Award shall, to the extent of such forfeiture, expiration or cash settlement, again be available for future grant of Awards under the Plan and shall be added back to the Share Limit in the same number of Shares as were debited from the Share Limit in respect of the grant of such Award (as may be adjusted in accordance with Section 14.2 hereof). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the following Shares shall not be added back to the Share Limit and will not be available for future grants of Awards: (i) Shares tendered by a Holder or withheld by the Company in payment of the exercise price of an Option; (ii) Shares tendered by the Holder or withheld by the Company to satisfy any tax withholding obligation with respect to an Award; (iii) Shares subject to a Stock Appreciation Right that are not issued in connection with the stock settlement of the Stock Appreciation Right on exercise thereof; and (iv) Shares purchased on the open market with the cash proceeds from the exercise of Options. Any Shares repurchased by the Company under Section 8.4 at the same price paid by the Holder so that such Shares are returned to the Company will again be available for Awards. The payment of Dividend Equivalents in cash in conjunction with any outstanding Awards shall not be counted against the shares available for issuance under the Plan. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 3.1(b), no Shares may again be optioned, granted or awarded if such action would cause an Incentive Stock Option to fail to qualify as an incentive stock option under Section 422 of the Code.
  (c) Substitute Awards shall not reduce the Shares authorized for grant under the Plan. Additionally, in the event that a company acquired by the Company or any Affiliate or with which the Company or any Affiliate combines has shares available under a pre-existing plan approved by stockholders and not adopted in contemplation of such acquisition or combination, the shares available for grant pursuant to the terms of such pre-existing plan (as adjusted, to the extent appropriate, using the exchange ratio or other adjustment or valuation ratio or formula used in such acquisition or combination to determine the consideration payable to the holders of common stock of the entities party to such acquisition or combination) may be used for Awards under the Plan and shall not reduce the Shares authorized for grant under the Plan; provided, that Awards using such available shares shall not be made after the date awards or grants could have been made under the terms of the pre-existing plan, absent the acquisition or combination, and shall only be made to individuals who were not employed by or providing services to the Company or its Affiliates immediately prior to such acquisition or combination.

     3.2 Stock Distributed. Any Shares distributed pursuant to an Award may consist, in whole or in part, of authorized and unissued Common Stock, treasury Common Stock or Common Stock purchased on the open market.

     3.3 Limitation on Number of Shares Subject to Awards. Notwithstanding any provision in the Plan to the contrary, and subject to Section 14.2, the maximum aggregate number of Shares with respect to one or more Awards that may be granted to any one person during any calendar year shall be 400,000, and the maximum aggregate amount of cash that may be paid in cash to any one person during any calendar year with respect to one or more Awards payable in cash shall be $5,000,000.

ARTICLE 4.
GRANTING OF AWARDS

     4.1 Participation. The Administrator may, from time to time, select from among all Eligible Individuals, those to whom an Award shall be granted and shall determine the nature and amount of each Award, which shall not be inconsistent with the requirements of the Plan. No Eligible Individual shall have any right to be granted an Award pursuant to the Plan.

     4.2 Award Agreement. Each Award shall be evidenced by an Award Agreement that sets forth the terms, conditions and limitations for such Award, which may include the term of the Award, the provisions applicable in the event of the Holder’s Termination of Service, and the Company’s authority to unilaterally or bilaterally amend, modify, suspend, cancel or rescind an Award. Award Agreements evidencing Awards intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation shall contain such terms and conditions as may be necessary to meet the applicable provisions of Section 162(m) of the Code. Award Agreements evidencing Incentive Stock Options shall contain such terms and conditions as may be necessary to meet the applicable provisions of Section 422 of the Code.

     4.3 Limitations Applicable to Section 16 Persons. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan, the Plan, and any Award granted or awarded to any individual who is then subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act, shall be subject to any additional limitations set forth in any applicable exemptive rule under Section 16 of the Exchange Act (including Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act and any amendments thereto) that are requirements for the application of such exemptive rule. To the extent permitted by applicable law, the Plan and Awards granted or awarded hereunder shall be deemed amended to the extent necessary to conform to such applicable exemptive rule.

     4.4 At-Will Employment; Voluntary Participation. Nothing in the Plan or in any Program or Award Agreement hereunder shall confer upon any Holder any right to continue in the employ of the Company or any Affiliate, or shall interfere with or restrict in any way the rights of the Company and any Affiliate, which rights are hereby expressly reserved, to discharge any Holder at any time for any reason whatsoever, with or without cause, and with or without notice, or to terminate or change all other terms and conditions of employment or engagement, except to the extent expressly provided otherwise in a written agreement between the Holder and the Company or any Affiliate. Participation by each Holder in the Plan shall be voluntary and nothing in the Plan shall be construed as mandating that any Eligible Individual shall participate in the Plan.

     4.5 Foreign Holders. Notwithstanding any provision of the Plan to the contrary, in order to comply with the laws in countries other than the United States in which the Company and its Affiliates operate or have Employees, or in order to comply with the requirements of any foreign securities exchange, the Administrator, in its sole discretion, shall have the power and authority to: (a) determine which Affiliates shall be covered by the Plan; (b) determine which Eligible Individuals outside the United States are eligible to participate in the Plan; (c) modify the terms and conditions of any Award granted to Eligible Individuals outside the United States to comply with applicable foreign laws or listing requirements of any such foreign securities exchange; (d) establish subplans and modify exercise procedures and other terms and procedures, to the extent such actions may be necessary or advisable (any such subplans and/or modifications shall be attached to the Plan as appendices); provided, however, that no such subplans and/or modifications shall increase the Share Limit or Award Limits contained in Sections 3.1 and 3.3; and (e) take any action, before or after an Award is made, that it deems advisable to obtain approval or comply with any necessary local governmental regulatory exemptions or approvals or listing requirements of any such foreign securities exchange. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Administrator may not take any actions hereunder, and no Awards shall be granted, that would violate the Code, the Exchange Act, the Securities Act, any other securities law or governing statute, the rules of the securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded or any other applicable law. For purposes of the Plan, all references to foreign laws, rules, regulations or taxes shall be references to the laws, rules, regulations and taxes of any applicable jurisdiction other than the United States or a political subdivision thereof.
     4.6 Stand-Alone and Tandem Awards. Awards granted pursuant to the Plan may, in the sole discretion of the Administrator, be granted either alone, in addition to, or in tandem with, any other Award granted pursuant to the Plan. Awards granted in addition to or in tandem with other Awards may be granted either at the same time as or at a different time from the grant of such other Awards.
 
ARTICLE 5.
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO AWARDS INTENDED TO QUALIFY AS PERFORMANCE-BASED COMPENSATION.

     5.1 Purpose. The Committee, in its sole discretion, may determine at the time an Award is granted or at any time thereafter whether such Award is intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation. If the Committee, in its sole discretion, decides to grant such an Award to an Eligible Individual that is intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, then the provisions of this Article 5 shall control over any contrary provision contained in the Plan. The Administrator may in its sole discretion grant Awards to other Eligible Individuals that are based on Performance Criteria or Performance Goals but that do not satisfy the requirements of this Article 5 and that are not intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation. Unless otherwise specified by the Administrator at the time of grant, the Performance Criteria with respect to an Award intended to be Performance-Based Compensation payable to a Covered Employee shall be determined on the basis of Applicable Accounting Standards.

     5.2 Applicability. The grant of an Award to an Eligible Individual for a particular Performance Period shall not require the grant of an Award to such Individual in any subsequent Performance Period and the grant of an Award to any one Eligible Individual shall not require the grant of an Award to any other Eligible Individual in such period or in any other period.

     5.3 Types of Awards. Notwithstanding anything in the Plan to the contrary, the Committee may grant any Award to an Eligible Individual intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, including, without limitation, Restricted Stock the restrictions with respect to which lapse upon the attainment of specified Performance Goals, Restricted Stock Units that vest and become payable upon the attainment of specified Performance Goals and any Performance Awards described in Article 10 that vest or become exercisable or payable upon the attainment of one or more specified Performance Goals.

     5.4 Procedures with Respect to Performance-Based Awards. To the extent necessary to comply with the requirements of Section 162(m)(4)(C) of the Code, with respect to any Award granted to one or more Eligible Individuals which is intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, no later than 90 days following the commencement of any Performance Period or any designated fiscal period or period of service (or such earlier time as may be required under Section 162(m) of the Code), the Committee shall, in writing, (a) designate one or more Eligible Individuals, (b) select the Performance Criteria applicable to the Performance Period, (c) establish the Performance Goals, and amounts of such Awards, as applicable, which may be earned for such Performance Period based on the Performance Criteria, and (d) specify the relationship between Performance Criteria and the Performance Goals and the amounts of such Awards, as applicable, to be earned by each Covered Employee for such Performance Period. Following the completion of each Performance Period, the Committee shall certify in writing whether and the extent to which the applicable Performance Goals have been achieved for such Performance Period. In determining the amount earned under such Awards, the Committee shall have the right to reduce or eliminate (but not to increase) the amount payable at a given level of performance to take into account additional factors that the Committee may deem relevant, including the assessment of individual or corporate performance for the Performance Period.
     5.5 Payment of Performance-Based Awards. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Program or Award Agreement and only to the extent otherwise permitted by Section 162(m)(4)(C) of the Code, as to an Award that is intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, the Holder must be employed by the Company or an Affiliate throughout the Performance Period. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Performance Goals, Program or Award Agreement, a Holder shall be eligible to receive payment pursuant to such Awards for a Performance Period only if and to the extent the Performance Goals for such period are achieved.

     5.6 Additional Limitations. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan and except as otherwise determined by the Administrator, any Award which is granted to an Eligible Individual and is intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation shall be subject to any additional limitations set forth in Section 162(m) of the Code or any regulations or rulings issued thereunder that are requirements for qualification as Performance-Based Compensation, and the Plan, the Program and the Award Agreement shall be deemed amended to the extent necessary to conform to such requirements.

ARTICLE 6.
GRANTING OF OPTIONS

   6.1 Granting of Options to Eligible Individuals. The Administrator is authorized to grant Options to Eligible Individuals from time to time, in its sole discretion, on such terms and conditions as it may determine which shall not be inconsistent with the Plan.

     6.2 Qualification of Incentive Stock Options. No Incentive Stock Option shall be granted to any person who is not an Employee of the Company or any subsidiary corporation (as defined in Section 424(f) of the Code) of the Company. No person who qualifies as a Greater Than 10% Stockholder may be granted an Incentive Stock Option unless such Incentive Stock Option conforms to the applicable provisions of Section 422 of the Code. Any Incentive Stock Option granted under the Plan may be modified by the Administrator, with the consent of the Holder, to disqualify such Option from treatment as an “incentive stock option” under Section 422 of the Code. To the extent that the aggregate Fair Market Value of stock with respect to which “incentive stock options” (within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code, but without regard to Section 422(d) of the Code) are exercisable for the first time by a Holder during any calendar year under the Plan, and all other plans of the Company and any subsidiary or parent corporation thereof (each as defined in Section 424(f) and (e) of the Code, respectively), exceeds $100,000, the Options shall be treated as Non-Qualified Stock Options to the extent required by Section 422 of the Code. The rule set forth in the preceding sentence shall be applied by taking Options and other “incentive stock options” into account in the order in which they were granted and the Fair Market Value of stock shall be determined as of the time the respective options were granted.

     6.3 Option Exercise Price. The exercise price per Share subject to each Option shall be set by the Administrator, but shall not be less than 100% of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date the Option is granted (or, as to Incentive Stock Options, on the date the Option is modified, extended or renewed for purposes of Section 424(h) of the Code). In addition, in the case of Incentive Stock Options granted to a Greater Than 10% Stockholder, such price shall not be less than 110% of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date the Option is granted (or the date the Option is modified, extended or renewed for purposes of Section 424(h) of the Code).

     6.4 Option Term. The term of each Option (the “Option Term”) shall be set by the Administrator in its sole discretion; provided, however, that the Option Term shall not be more than ten (10) years from the date the Option is granted, or five (5) years from the date an Incentive Stock Option is granted to a Greater Than 10% Stockholder. The Administrator shall determine the time period, including the time period following a Termination of Service, during which the Holder has the right to exercise the vested Options, which time period may not extend beyond the last day of the Option Term. Except as limited by the requirements of Section 409A or Section 422 of the Code and regulations and rulings thereunder, the Administrator may extend the Option Term of any outstanding Option, and may extend the time period during which vested Options may be exercised, in connection with any Termination of Service of the Holder, and may amend any other term or condition of such Option relating to such a Termination of Service.
     6.5 Option Vesting.

  (a) The period during which the right to exercise, in whole or in part, an Option vests in the Holder shall be set by the Administrator and the Administrator may determine that an Option may not be exercised in whole or in part for a specified period after it is granted. Such vesting may be based on service with the Company or any Affiliate, any of the Performance Criteria, or any other criteria selected by the Administrator.

  (b) No portion of an Option which is unexercisable at a Holder’s Termination of Service shall thereafter become exercisable, except as may be otherwise provided by the Administrator either in the Program, the Award Agreement or by action of the Administrator following the grant of the Option.

     6.6 Substitute Awards. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Article 6 to the contrary, in the case of an Option that is a Substitute Award, the price per share of the shares subject to such Option may be less than the Fair Market Value per share on the date of grant; provided that the excess of: (a) the aggregate Fair Market Value (as of the date such Substitute Award is granted) of the shares subject to the Substitute Award, over (b) the aggregate exercise price thereof does not exceed the excess of: (x) the aggregate fair market value (as of the time immediately preceding the transaction giving rise to the Substitute Award, such fair market value to be determined by the Administrator) of the shares of the predecessor entity that were subject to the grant assumed or substituted for by the Company, over (y) the aggregate exercise price of such shares.

     6.7 Substitution of Stock Appreciation Rights. The Administrator may provide in the applicable Program or the Award Agreement evidencing the grant of an Option that the Administrator, in its sole discretion, shall have the right to substitute a Stock Appreciation Right for such Option at any time prior to or upon exercise of such Option; provided that such Stock Appreciation Right shall be exercisable with respect to the same number of Shares for which such substituted Option would have been exercisable, and shall also have the same exercise price, vesting schedule and remaining Option Term as the substituted Option.

ARTICLE 7.
EXERCISE OF OPTIONS

     7.1 Partial Exercise. An exercisable Option may be exercised in whole or in part. However, an Option shall not be exercisable with respect to fractional shares and the Administrator may require that, by the terms of the Option, a partial exercise must be with respect to a minimum number of shares.

     7.2 Expiration of Option Term: Automatic Exercise of In-The-Money Options. Unless otherwise provided by the Administrator (in an Award Agreement or otherwise) or as otherwise directed by an Option Holder in writing to the Company, each Option outstanding on the last business day of the applicable Option Term with an exercise price per share that is less than the Fair Market Value per share of Common Stock as of such date shall automatically and without further action by the Option Holder or the Company be exercised on the last business day of the Option Term. In the discretion of the Administrator, payment of the exercise price of any such Option shall be made pursuant to Section 12.1(b) or 12.1(c) and the Company or any Affiliate shall deduct or withhold an amount sufficient to satisfy all taxes associated with such exercise in accordance with Section 12.2. For the avoidance of doubt, no Option with an exercise price per share that is equal to or greater than the Fair Market Value per share of Common Stock on the last business day of the Option Term shall be exercised pursuant to this Section 7.2.

     7.3 Manner of Exercise. All or a portion of an exercisable Option shall be deemed exercised upon delivery of all of the following to the Secretary of the Company, or such other person or entity designated by the Administrator, or his, her or its office, as applicable:

  (a) A written or electronic notice complying with the applicable rules established by the Administrator stating that the Option, or a portion thereof, is exercised. The notice shall be signed by the Holder or other person then entitled to exercise the Option or such portion of the Option;

  (b)
Such representations and documents as the Administrator, in its sole discretion, deems necessary or advisable to effect compliance with all applicable provisions of the Securities Act and any other federal, state or foreign securities laws or regulations, the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded or any other applicable law. The Administrator may, in its sole discretion, also take whatever additional actions it deems appropriate to effect such compliance including, without limitation, placing legends on share certificates and issuing stop-transfer notices to agents and registrars;
  (c) In the event that the Option shall be exercised pursuant to Section 12.3 by any person or persons other than the Holder, appropriate proof of the right of such person or persons to exercise the Option, as determined in the sole discretion of the Administrator; and

  (d) Full payment of the exercise price and applicable withholding taxes to the stock administrator of the Company for the shares with respect to which the Option, or portion thereof, is exercised, in a manner permitted by Section 12.1 and 12.2.

     7.4 Notification Regarding Disposition. The Holder shall give the Company prompt written or electronic notice of any disposition of shares of Common Stock acquired by exercise of an Incentive Stock Option which occurs within (a) two years from the date of granting (including the date the Option is modified, extended or renewed for purposes of Section 424(h) of the Code) such Option to such Holder, or (b) one year after the transfer of such shares to such Holder.

ARTICLE 8.
AWARD OF RESTRICTED STOCK

     8.1 Award of Restricted Stock.

  (a) The Administrator is authorized to grant Restricted Stock to Eligible Individuals, and shall determine the terms and conditions, including the restrictions applicable to each award of Restricted Stock, which terms and conditions shall not be inconsistent with the Plan, and may impose such conditions on the issuance of such Restricted Stock as it deems appropriate.

  (b) The Administrator shall establish the purchase price, if any, and form of payment for Restricted Stock; provided, however, that if a purchase price is charged, such purchase price shall be no less than the par value, if any, of the Shares to be purchased, unless otherwise permitted by applicable law. In all cases, legal consideration shall be required for each issuance of Restricted Stock.

     8.2 Rights as Stockholders. Subject to Section 8.4, upon issuance of Restricted Stock, the Holder shall have, unless otherwise provided by the Administrator, all the rights of a stockholder with respect to said shares, subject to the restrictions in the applicable Program or in each individual Award Agreement, including the right to receive all dividends and other distributions paid or made with respect to the shares; provided, however, that, in the sole discretion of the Administrator, any extraordinary distributions with respect to the Shares shall be subject to the restrictions set forth in Section 8.3. In addition, with respect to a share of Restricted Stock with performance-based vesting, dividends which are paid prior to vesting shall only be paid out to the Holder to the extent that the performance-based vesting conditions are subsequently satisfied and the share of Restricted Stock vests.

     8.3 Restrictions. All shares of Restricted Stock (including any shares received by Holders thereof with respect to shares of Restricted Stock as a result of stock dividends, stock splits or any other form of recapitalization) shall, in the terms of the applicable Program or in each individual Award Agreement, be subject to such restrictions and vesting requirements as the Administrator shall provide. Such restrictions may include, without limitation, restrictions concerning voting rights and transferability and such restrictions may lapse separately or in combination at such times and pursuant to such circumstances or based on such criteria as selected by the Administrator, including, without limitation, criteria based on the Holder’s duration of employment, directorship or consultancy with the Company, the Performance Criteria, Company performance, individual performance or other criteria selected by the Administrator. By action taken after the Restricted Stock is issued, the Administrator may, on such terms and conditions as it may determine to be appropriate, accelerate the vesting of such Restricted Stock by removing any or all of the restrictions imposed by the terms of the Program or the Award Agreement. Restricted Stock may not be sold or encumbered until all restrictions are terminated or expire.

     8.4 Repurchase or Forfeiture of Restricted Stock. Except as otherwise determined by the Administrator at the time of the grant of the Award or thereafter, if no price was paid by the Holder for the Restricted Stock, upon a Termination of Service during the applicable restriction period, the Holder’s rights in unvested Restricted Stock then subject to restrictions shall lapse, and such Restricted Stock shall be surrendered to the Company and cancelled without consideration. If a price was paid by the Holder for the Restricted Stock, upon a Termination of Service during the applicable restriction period, the Company shall have the right to repurchase from the Holder the unvested Restricted Stock then subject to restrictions at a cash price per share equal to the price paid by the Holder for such Restricted Stock or such other amount as may be specified in the Program or the Award Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, except as otherwise provided by Section 3.4, the Administrator in its sole discretion may provide that in the event of certain events, including a Change in Control, the Holder’s death, retirement or disability or any other specified Termination of Service or any other event, the Holder’s rights in unvested Restricted Stock shall not lapse, such Restricted Stock shall vest and, if applicable, the Company shall not have a right of repurchase.
     8.5 Certificates for Restricted Stock. Restricted Stock granted pursuant to the Plan may be evidenced in such manner as the Administrator shall determine. Certificates or book entries evidencing shares of Restricted Stock must include an appropriate legend referring to the terms, conditions, and restrictions applicable to such Restricted Stock. The Company may, in it sole discretion, (a) retain physical possession of any stock certificate evidencing shares of Restricted Stock until the restrictions thereon shall have lapsed and/or (b) require that the stock certificates evidencing shares of Restricted Stock be held in custody by a designated escrow agent (which may but need not be the Company) until the restrictions thereon shall have lapsed, and that the Holder deliver a stock power, endorsed in blank, relating to such Restricted Stock.

     8.6 Section 83(b) Election. If a Holder makes an election under Section 83(b) of the Code to be taxed with respect to the Restricted Stock as of the date of transfer of the Restricted Stock rather than as of the date or dates upon which the Holder would otherwise be taxable under Section 83(a) of the Code, the Holder shall be required to deliver a copy of such election to the Company promptly after filing such election with the Internal Revenue Service.

ARTICLE 9.
AWARD OF RESTRICTED STOCK UNITS

     9.1 Grant of Restricted Stock Units. The Administrator is authorized to grant Awards of Restricted Stock Units to any Eligible Individual selected by the Administrator in such amounts and subject to such terms and conditions as determined by the Administrator.

     9.2 Term. Except as otherwise provided herein, the term of a Restricted Stock Unit award shall be set by the Administrator in its sole discretion.

      9.3 Purchase Price. The Administrator shall specify the purchase price, if any, to be paid by the Holder to the Company with respect to any Restricted Stock Unit award; provided, however, that value of the consideration shall not be less than the par value of a Share, unless otherwise permitted by applicable law.

     9.4 Vesting of Restricted Stock Units. At the time of grant, the Administrator shall specify the date or dates on which the Restricted Stock Units shall become fully vested and nonforfeitable, and may specify such conditions to vesting as it deems appropriate, including, without limitation, vesting based upon the Holder’s duration of service to the Company or any Affiliate, one or more Performance Criteria, Company performance, individual performance or other specific criteria, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods, as determined by the Administrator, subject to Section 3.4.

     9.5 Maturity and Payment. At the time of grant, the Administrator shall specify the maturity date applicable to each grant of Restricted Stock Units which shall be no earlier than the vesting date or dates of the Award and may be determined at the election of the Holder (if permitted by the applicable Award Agreement); provided that, except as otherwise determined by the Administrator, set forth in any applicable Award Agreement, and subject to compliance with Section 409A of the Code, in no event shall the maturity date relating to each Restricted Stock Unit occur following the later of (a) the 15th day of the third month following the end of calendar year in which the Restricted Stock Unit vests; or (b) the 15th day of the third month following the end of the Company’s fiscal year in which the Restricted Stock Unit vests. On the maturity date, the Company shall, subject to Section 12.4(e), transfer to the Holder one unrestricted, fully transferable share of Common Stock for each Restricted Stock Unit scheduled to be paid out on such date and not previously forfeited, or in the sole discretion of the Administrator, an amount in cash equal to the Fair Market Value of such shares on the maturity date or a combination of cash and Common Stock as determined by the Administrator.
     9.6 Payment upon Termination of Service. An Award of Restricted Stock Units shall only be payable while the Holder is an Employee; provided, however, that the Administrator, in its sole and absolute discretion may provide (in an Award Agreement or otherwise) that a Restricted Stock Unit award may be paid subsequent to a Termination of Service in certain events, including a Change in Control, the Holder’s death, retirement or disability or any other specified Termination of Service.

     9.7 No Rights as a Stockholder. Unless otherwise determined by the Administrator, a Holder who is awarded Restricted Stock Units shall possess no incidents of ownership with respect to the Shares represented by such Restricted Stock Units, unless and until the same are transferred to the Holder pursuant to the terms of this Plan and the Award Agreement.

     9.8 Dividend Equivalents. Subject to Section 10.2, the Administrator may, in its sole discretion, provide that Dividend Equivalents shall be earned by a Holder of Restricted Stock Units based on dividends declared on the Common Stock, to be credited as of dividend payment dates during the period between the date an Award of Restricted Stock Units is granted to a Holder and the maturity date of such Award.

ARTICLE 10.
AWARD OF PERFORMANCE AWARDS, DIVIDEND EQUIVALENTS, STOCK PAYMENTS,
DEFERRED STOCK, DEFERRED STOCK UNITS

     10.1 Performance Awards.

  (a) The Administrator is authorized to grant Performance Awards, including Awards of Performance Stock Units, to any Eligible Individual and to determine whether such Performance Awards shall be Performance-Based Compensation. The value of Performance Awards, including Performance Stock Units, may be linked to any one or more of the Performance Criteria or other specific criteria determined by the Administrator, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Administrator. Performance Awards, including Performance Stock Unit awards may be paid in cash, Shares, or a combination of cash and Shares, as determined by the Administrator.

  (b) Without limiting Section 10.1(a), the Administrator may grant Performance Awards to any Eligible Individual in the form of a cash bonus payable upon the attainment of objective Performance Goals, or such other criteria, whether or not objective, which are established by the Administrator, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Administrator. Any such bonuses paid to a Holder which are intended to be Performance-Based Compensation shall be based upon objectively determinable bonus formulas established in accordance with the provisions of Article 5.

     10.2 Dividend Equivalents.

  (a) Dividend Equivalents may be granted by the Administrator based on dividends declared on the Common Stock, to be credited as of dividend payment dates during the period between the date an Award is granted to a Holder and the date such Award vests, is exercised, is distributed or expires, as determined by the Administrator. Such Dividend Equivalents shall be converted to cash or additional shares of Common Stock by such formula and at such time and subject to such limitations as may be determined by the Administrator. In addition, Dividend Equivalents with respect to an Award with performance-based vesting that are based on dividends paid prior to the vesting of such Award shall only be paid out to the Holder to the extent that the performance-based vesting conditions are subsequently satisfied and the Award vests.

  (b) Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Dividend Equivalents shall be payable with respect to Options or Stock Appreciation Rights.

     10.3 Stock Payments. The Administrator is authorized to make Stock Payments to any Eligible Individual. The number or value of shares of any Stock Payment shall be determined by the Administrator and may be based upon one or more Performance Criteria or any other specific criteria, including service to the Company or any Affiliate, determined by the Administrator. Shares underlying a Stock Payment which is subject to a vesting schedule or other conditions or criteria set by the Administrator will not be issued until those conditions have been satisfied. Unless otherwise provided by the Administrator, a Holder of a Stock Payment shall have no rights as a Company stockholder with respect to such Stock Payment until such time as the Stock Payment has vested and the Shares underlying the Award have been issued to the Holder. Stock Payments may, but are not required to, be made in lieu of base salary, bonus, fees or other cash compensation otherwise payable to such Eligible Individual.
     10.4 Deferred Stock. The Administrator is authorized to grant Deferred Stock to any Eligible Individual. The number of shares of Deferred Stock shall be determined by the Administrator and may (but is not required to) be based on one or more Performance Criteria or other specific criteria, including service to the Company or any Affiliate, as the Administrator determines, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Administrator. Shares underlying a Deferred Stock award which is subject to a vesting schedule or other conditions or criteria set by the Administrator will be issued on the vesting date(s) or date(s) that those conditions and criteria have been satisfied, as applicable. Unless otherwise provided by the Administrator, a Holder of Deferred Stock shall have no rights as a Company stockholder with respect to such Deferred Stock until such time as the Award has vested and any other applicable conditions and/or criteria have been satisfied and the Shares underlying the Award have been issued to the Holder.

     10.5 Deferred Stock Units. The Administrator is authorized to grant Deferred Stock Units to any Eligible Individual. The number of Deferred Stock Units shall be determined by the Administrator and may (but is not required to) be based on one or more Performance Criteria or other specific criteria, including service to the Company or any Affiliate, as the Administrator determines, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Administrator. Each Deferred Stock Unit shall entitle the Holder thereof to receive one share of Common Stock on the date the Deferred Stock Unit becomes vested or upon a specified settlement date thereafter (which settlement date may (but is not required to) be the date of the Holder’s Termination of Service). Shares underlying a Deferred Stock Unit award which is subject to a vesting schedule or other conditions or criteria set by the Administrator will not be issued until on or following the date that those conditions and criteria have been satisfied. Unless otherwise provided by the Administrator, a Holder of Deferred Stock Units shall have no rights as a Company stockholder with respect to such Deferred Stock Units until such time as the Award has vested and any other applicable conditions and/or criteria have been satisfied and the Shares underlying the Award have been issued to the Holder.

     10.6 Term. The term of a Performance Award, Dividend Equivalent award, Stock Payment award, Deferred Stock award and/or Deferred Stock Unit award shall be set by the Administrator in its sole discretion.

     10.7 Purchase Price. The Administrator may establish the purchase price of a Performance Award, shares distributed as a Stock Payment award, shares of Deferred Stock or shares distributed pursuant to a Deferred Stock Unit award; provided, however, that value of the consideration shall not be less than the par value of a Share, unless otherwise permitted by applicable law.

     10.8 Termination of Service. A Performance Award, Stock Payment award, Dividend Equivalent award, Deferred Stock award and/or Deferred Stock Unit award is distributable only while the Holder is an Employee. The Administrator, however, in its sole discretion may provide that the Performance Award, Dividend Equivalent award, Stock Payment award, Deferred Stock award and/or Deferred Stock Unit award may be distributed subsequent to a Termination of Service in certain events, including a Change in Control, the Holder’s death, retirement or disability or any other specified Termination of Service.
 
ARTICLE 11.
AWARD OF STOCK APPRECIATION RIGHTS

     11.1 Grant of Stock Appreciation Rights.

  (a) The Administrator is authorized to grant Stock Appreciation Rights to Eligible Individuals from time to time, in its sole discretion, on such terms and conditions as it may determine consistent with the Plan.

  (b) A Stock Appreciation Right shall entitle the Holder (or other person entitled to exercise the Stock Appreciation Right pursuant to the Plan) to exercise all or a specified portion of the Stock Appreciation Right (to the extent then exercisable pursuant to its terms) and to receive from the Company an amount determined by multiplying the difference obtained by subtracting the exercise price per share of the Stock Appreciation Right from the Fair Market Value on the date of exercise of the Stock Appreciation Right by the number of Shares with respect to which the Stock Appreciation Right shall have been exercised, subject to any limitations the Administrator may impose. Except as described in (c) below, the exercise price per Share subject to each Stock Appreciation Right shall be set by the Administrator, but shall not be less than 100% of the Fair Market Value on the date the Stock Appreciation Right is granted.
 
  (c) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of Section 11.1(b) to the contrary, in the case of an Stock Appreciation Right that is a Substitute Award, the price per share of the shares subject to such Stock Appreciation Right may be less than 100% of the Fair Market Value per share on the date of grant; provided that the excess of: (i) the aggregate Fair Market Value (as of the date such Substitute Award is granted) of the shares subject to the Substitute Award, over (ii) the aggregate exercise price thereof does not exceed the excess of: (x) the aggregate fair market value (as of the time immediately preceding the transaction giving rise to the Substitute Award, such fair market value to be determined by the Administrator) of the shares of the predecessor entity that were subject to the grant assumed or substituted for by the Company, over (y) the aggregate exercise price of such shares.

     11.2 Stock Appreciation Right Vesting.

  (a) The period during which the right to exercise, in whole or in part, a Stock Appreciation Right vests in the Holder shall be set by the Administrator and the Administrator may determine that a Stock Appreciation Right may not be exercised in whole or in part for a specified period after it is granted. Such vesting may be based on service with the Company or any Affiliate, or any other criteria selected by the Administrator. At any time after grant of a Stock Appreciation Right, the Administrator may, in its sole discretion and subject to whatever terms and conditions it selects, accelerate the period during which a Stock Appreciation Right vests.

  (b) No portion of a Stock Appreciation Right which is unexercisable at Termination of Service shall thereafter become exercisable, except as may be otherwise provided by the Administrator either in the applicable Program or Award Agreement or by action of the Administrator following the grant of the Stock Appreciation Right.

     11.3 Manner of Exercise. All or a portion of an exercisable Stock Appreciation Right shall be deemed exercised upon delivery of all of the following to the stock administrator of the Company, or such other person or entity designated by the Administrator, or his, her or its office, as applicable:

  (a) A written or electronic notice complying with the applicable rules established by the Administrator stating that the Stock Appreciation Right, or a portion thereof, is exercised. The notice shall be signed by the Holder or other person then entitled to exercise the Stock Appreciation Right or such portion of the Stock Appreciation Right;

  (b) Such representations and documents as the Administrator, in its sole discretion, deems necessary or advisable to effect compliance with all applicable provisions of the Securities Act and any other federal, state or foreign securities laws or regulations. The Administrator may, in its sole discretion, also take whatever additional actions it deems appropriate to effect such compliance; and

  (c) In the event that the Stock Appreciation Right shall be exercised pursuant to this Section 11.3 by any person or persons other than the Holder, appropriate proof of the right of such person or persons to exercise the Stock Appreciation Right.

     11.4 Stock Appreciation Right Term. The term of each Stock Appreciation Right (the “Stock Appreciation Right Term”) shall be set by the Administrator in its sole discretion; provided, however, that the term shall not be more than ten (10) years from the date the Stock Appreciation Right is granted. The Administrator shall determine the time period, including the time period following a Termination of Service, during which the Holder has the right to exercise the vested Stock Appreciation Rights, which time period may not extend beyond the expiration date of the Stock Appreciation Right Term. Except as limited by the requirements of Section 409A of the Code and regulations and rulings thereunder, the Administrator may extend the Stock Appreciation Right Term of any outstanding Stock Appreciation Right, and may extend the time period during which vested Stock Appreciation Rights may be exercised, in connection with any Termination of Service of the Holder, and may amend any other term or condition of such Stock Appreciation Right relating to such a Termination of Service.
     11.5 Payment. Payment of the amounts payable with respect to Stock Appreciation Rights pursuant to this Article 11 shall be in cash, Shares (based on its Fair Market Value as of the date the Stock Appreciation Right is exercised), or a combination of both, as determined by the Administrator.

     11.6 Expiration of Stock Appreciation Right Term: Automatic Exercise of In-The-Money Stock Appreciation Rights. Unless otherwise provided by the Administrator (in an Award Agreement or otherwise) or as otherwise directed by a Stock Appreciation Right Holder in writing to the Company, each Stock Appreciation Right outstanding on the last business day of the applicable Stock Appreciation Right Term with an exercise price per share that is less than the Fair Market Value per share of Common Stock as of such date shall automatically and without further action by the Stock Appreciation Right Holder or the Company be exercised on the last business day of the Stock Appreciation Right Term. In the discretion of the Administrator, the Company or any Affiliate shall deduct or withhold an amount sufficient to satisfy all taxes associated with such exercise in accordance with Section 12.2. For the avoidance of doubt, no Stock Appreciation Right with an exercise price per share that is equal to or greater than the Fair Market Value per share of Common Stock on the last business day of the Stock Appreciation Right Term shall be exercised pursuant to this Section 11.6.

ARTICLE 12.
ADDITIONAL TERMS OF AWARDS

     12.1 Payment. The Administrator shall determine the methods by which payments by any Holder with respect to any Awards granted under the Plan shall be made, including, without limitation: (a) cash or check, (b) Shares (including, in the case of payment of the exercise price of an Award, Shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of the Award) or Shares held for such period of time as may be required by the Administrator in order to avoid adverse accounting consequences, in each case, having a Fair Market Value on the date of delivery equal to the aggregate payments required, (c) delivery of a written or electronic notice that the Holder has placed a market sell order with a broker with respect to Shares then issuable upon exercise or vesting of an Award, and that the broker has been directed to pay a sufficient portion of the net proceeds of the sale to the Company in satisfaction of the aggregate payments required; provided that payment of such proceeds is then made to the Company upon settlement of such sale, or (d) other form of legal consideration acceptable to the Administrator. The Administrator shall also determine the methods by which Shares shall be delivered or deemed to be delivered to Holders. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, no Holder who is a Director or an “executive officer” of the Company within the meaning of Section 13(k) of the Exchange Act shall be permitted to make payment with respect to any Awards granted under the Plan, or continue any extension of credit with respect to such payment, with a loan from the Company or a loan arranged by the Company in violation of Section 13(k) of the Exchange Act.

     12.2 Tax Withholding. The Company or any Affiliate shall have the authority and the right to deduct or withhold, or require a Holder to remit to the Company, an amount sufficient to satisfy federal, state, local and foreign taxes (including the Holder’s FICA or employment tax obligation) required by law to be withheld with respect to any taxable event concerning a Holder arising as a result of the Plan. The Administrator may in its sole discretion and in satisfaction of the foregoing requirement allow a Holder to elect to have the Company withhold Shares otherwise issuable under an Award (or allow the surrender of Shares). The number of Shares which may be so withheld or surrendered shall be limited to the number of shares which have a Fair Market Value on the date of withholding or repurchase equal to the aggregateamount of such liabilities based on the minimum statutory withholding rates for federal, state, local and foreign income tax and payroll tax purposes that are applicable to such supplemental taxable income. The Administrator shall determine the fair market value of the Shares, consistent with applicable provisions of the Code, for tax withholding obligations due in connection with a broker-assisted cashless Option or Stock Appreciation Right exercise involving the sale of shares to pay the Option or Stock Appreciation Right exercise price or any tax withholding obligation.

     12.3 Transferability of Awards.

  (a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 12.3(b):
 
  (i)
No Award under the Plan may be sold, pledged, assigned or transferred in any manner other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution or, subject to the consent of the Administrator, pursuant to a DRO, unless and until such Award has been exercised, or the shares underlying such Award have been issued, and all restrictions applicable to such shares have lapsed;
  (ii) No Award or interest or right therein shall be liable for the debts, contracts or engagements of the Holder or his successors in interest or shall be subject to disposition by transfer, alienation, anticipation, pledge, hypothecation, encumbrance, assignment or any other means whether such disposition be voluntary or involuntary or by operation of law by judgment, levy, attachment, garnishment or any other legal or equitable proceedings (including bankruptcy), and any attempted disposition thereof shall be null and void and of no effect, except to the extent that such disposition is permitted by the preceding sentence; and

  (iii) During the lifetime of the Holder, only the Holder may exercise an Award (or any portion thereof) granted to him under the Plan, unless it has been disposed of pursuant to a DRO; after the death of the Holder, any exercisable portion of an Award may, prior to the time when such portion becomes unexercisable under the Plan or the applicable Program or Award Agreement, be exercised by his personal representative or by any person empowered to do so under the deceased Holder’s will or under the then applicable laws of descent and distribution.

  (b) Notwithstanding Section 12.3(a), the Administrator, in its sole discretion, may determine to permit a Holder to transfer an Award other than an Incentive Stock Option to any one or more Permitted Transferees, subject to the following terms and conditions: (i) an Award transferred to a Permitted Transferee shall not be assignable or transferable by the Permitted Transferee other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution; (ii) an Award transferred to a Permitted Transferee shall continue to be subject to all the terms and conditions of the Award as applicable to the original Holder (other than the ability to further transfer the Award); and (iii) the Holder and the Permitted Transferee shall execute any and all documents requested by the Administrator, including, without limitation documents to (A) confirm the status of the transferee as a Permitted Transferee, (B) satisfy any requirements for an exemption for the transfer under applicable federal, state and foreign securities laws and (C) evidence the transfer.

  (c) Notwithstanding Section 12.3(a), a Holder may, in the manner determined by the Administrator, designate a beneficiary to exercise the rights of the Holder and to receive any distribution with respect to any Award upon the Holder’s death. A beneficiary, legal guardian, legal representative, or other person claiming any rights pursuant to the Plan is subject to all terms and conditions of the Plan and any Program or Award Agreement applicable to the Holder, except to the extent the Plan, the Program and the Award Agreement otherwise provide, and to any additional restrictions deemed necessary or appropriate by the Administrator. If the Holder is married and resides in a community property state, a designation of a person other than the Holder’s spouse as his or her beneficiary with respect to more than 50% of the Holder’s interest in the Award shall not be effective without the prior written or electronic consent of the Holder’s spouse. If no beneficiary has been designated or survives the Holder, payment shall be made to the person entitled thereto pursuant to the Holder’s will or the laws of descent and distribution. Subject to the foregoing, a beneficiary designation may be changed or revoked by a Holder at any time; provided that the change or revocation is filed with the Administrator prior to the Holder’s death.

     12.4 Conditions to Issuance of Shares.

  (a) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Company shall not be required to issue or deliver any certificates or make any book entries evidencing Shares pursuant to the exercise of any Award, unless and until the Board or the Committee has determined, with advice of counsel, that the issuance of such shares is in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations of governmental authorities and, if applicable, the requirements of any exchange on which the Shares are listed or traded, and the Shares are covered by an effective registration statement or applicable exemption from registration. In addition to the terms and conditions provided herein, the Board or the Committee may require that a Holder make such reasonable covenants, agreements, and representations as the Board or the Committee, in its discretion, deems advisable in order to comply with any such laws, regulations, or requirements.

  (b) All Share certificates delivered pursuant to the Plan and all shares issued pursuant to book entry procedures are subject to any stop-transfer orders and other restrictions as the Administrator deems necessary or advisable to comply with federal, state, or foreign securities or other laws, rules and regulations and the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted, or traded. The Administrator may place legends on any Share certificate or book entry to reference restrictions applicable to the Shares.
  (c) The Administrator shall have the right to require any Holder to comply with any timing or other restrictions with respect to the settlement, distribution or exercise of any Award, including a window-period limitation, as may be imposed in the sole discretion of the Administrator.

  (d) No fractional Shares shall be issued and the Administrator shall determine, in its sole discretion, whether cash shall be given in lieu of fractional shares or whether such fractional shares shall be eliminated by rounding down.

  (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan, unless otherwise determined by the Administrator or required by any applicable law, rule or regulation, the Company shall not deliver to any Holder certificates evidencing Shares issued in connection with any Award and instead such Shares shall be recorded in the books of the Company (or, as applicable, its transfer agent or stock plan administrator).

     12.5 Forfeiture and Claw-Back Provisions. Pursuant to its general authority to determine the terms and conditions applicable to Awards under the Plan, the Administrator shall have the right to provide, in an Award Agreement or otherwise, or to require a Holder to agree by separate written or electronic instrument, that:

(a) (i) Any proceeds, gains or other economic benefit actually or constructively received by the Holder upon any receipt or exercise of the Award, or upon the receipt or resale of any Shares underlying the Award, must be paid to the Company, and (ii) the Award shall terminate and any unexercised portion of the Award (whether or not vested) shall be forfeited, if (x) a Termination of Service occurs prior to a specified date, or within a specified time period following receipt or exercise of the Award, or (y) the Holder at any time, or during a specified time period, engages in any activity in competition with the Company, or which is inimical, contrary or harmful to the interests of the Company, as further defined by the Administrator or (z) the Holder incurs a Termination of Service for “cause” (as such term is defined in the sole discretion of the Administrator, or as set forth in a written agreement relating to such Award between the Company and the Holder); and

(b) All Awards (including any proceeds, gains or other economic benefit actually or constructively received by the Holder upon any receipt or exercise of any Award or upon the receipt or resale of any Shares underlying the Award) shall be subject to the provisions of any claw-back policy implemented by the Company, including, without limitation, any claw-back policy adopted to comply with the requirements of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and any rules or regulations promulgated thereunder, to the extent set forth in such claw-back policy and/or in the applicable Award Agreement.

     12.6 Prohibition on Repricing. Subject to Section 14.2, the Administrator shall not, without the approval of the stockholders of the Company, (i) authorize the amendment of any outstanding Option or Stock Appreciation Right to reduce its price per share, or (ii) cancel any Option or Stock Appreciation Right in exchange for cash or another Award when the Option or Stock Appreciation Right price per share exceeds the Fair Market Value of the underlying Shares. Subject to Section 14.2, the Administrator shall have the authority, without the approval of the stockholders of the Company, to amend any outstanding Award to increase the price per share or to cancel and replace an Award with the grant of an Award having a price per share that is greater than or equal to the price per share of the original Award.

ARTICLE 13.
ADMINISTRATION

     13.1 Administrator. The Committee (or another committee or a subcommittee of the Board assuming the functions of the Committee under the Plan) shall administer the Plan (except as otherwise permitted herein) and, unless otherwise determined by the Board, shall consist solely of two or more Non-Employee Directors appointed by and holding office at the pleasure of the Board, each of whom is intended to qualify as both a “non-employee director” as defined by Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act or any successor rule, an “outside director” for purposes of Section 162(m) of the Code and an “independent director” under the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded; provided that any action taken by the Committee shall be valid and effective, whether or not members of the Committee at the time of such action are later determined not to have satisfied the requirements for membership set forth in this Section 13.l or otherwise provided in any charter of the Committee. Except as may otherwise be provided in any charter of the Committee, appointment of Committee members shall be effective upon acceptance of appointment. Committee members may resign at any time by delivering written or electronic notice to the Board. Vacancies in the Committee may only be filled by the Board. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board or Committee may delegate its authority hereunder to the extent permitted by Section 13.6.
     13.2 Duties and Powers of Committee. It shall be the duty of the Committee to conduct the general administration of the Plan in accordance with its provisions. The Committee shall have the power to interpret the Plan, the Program and the Award Agreement, and to adopt such rules for the administration, interpretation and application of the Plan as are not inconsistent therewith, to interpret, amend or revoke any such rules and to amend any Program or Award Agreement; provided that the rights or obligations of the Holder of the Award that is the subject of any such Program or Award Agreement are not affected adversely by such amendment, unless the consent of the Holder is obtained or such amendment is otherwise permitted under Section 14.10. Any such grant or award under the Plan need not be the same with respect to each Holder. Any such interpretations and rules with respect to Incentive Stock Options shall be consistent with the provisions of Section 422 of the Code. In its sole discretion, the Board may at any time and from time to time exercise any and all rights and duties of the Committee under the Plan except with respect to matters which under Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act or any successor rule, or Section 162(m) of the Code, or any regulations or rules issued thereunder, or the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded are required to be determined in the sole discretion of the Committee.

     13.3 Action by the Committee. Unless otherwise established by the Board or in any charter of the Committee, a majority of the Committee shall constitute a quorum and the acts of a majority of the members present at any meeting at which a quorum is present, and acts approved in writing by all members of the Committee in lieu of a meeting, shall be deemed the acts of the Committee. Each member of the Committee is entitled to, in good faith, rely or act upon any report or other information furnished to that member by any officer or other employee of the Company or any Affiliate, the Company’s independent registered public accountants, or any executive compensation consultant or other professional retained by the Company to assist in the administration of the Plan.

     13.4 Authority of Administrator. Subject to the Company’s Bylaws, the Committee’s Charter and any specific designation in the Plan, the Administrator has the exclusive power, authority and sole discretion to:
 
  (a) Designate Eligible Individuals to receive Awards;

  (b) Determine the type or types of Awards to be granted to each Eligible Individual;

  (c) Determine the number of Awards to be granted and the number of Shares to which an Award will relate;

  (d) Determine the terms and conditions of any Award granted pursuant to the Plan, including, but not limited to, the exercise price, grant price, or purchase price, any performance criteria, any reload provision, any restrictions or limitations on the Award, any schedule for vesting, lapse of forfeiture restrictions or restrictions on the exercisability of an Award, and accelerations or waivers thereof, and any provisions related to non-competition and recapture of gain on an Award, based in each case on such considerations as the Administrator in its sole discretion determines;

  (e) Determine whether, to what extent, and pursuant to what circumstances an Award may be settled in, or the exercise price of an Award may be paid in cash, Shares, other Awards, or other property, or an Award may be canceled, forfeited, or surrendered;

  (f) Prescribe the form of each Award Agreement, which need not be identical for each Holder;

  (g) Decide all other matters that must be determined in connection with an Award;

  (h) Establish, adopt, or revise any rules and regulations as it may deem necessary or advisable to administer the Plan;

  (i) Interpret the terms of, and any matter arising pursuant to, the Plan, any Program or any Award Agreement;
  (j) Make all other decisions and determinations that may be required pursuant to the Plan or as the Administrator deems necessary or advisable to administer the Plan; and

  (k) Accelerate wholly or partially the vesting or lapse of restrictions of any Award or portion thereof at any time after the grant of an Award, subject to whatever terms and conditions it selects and Sections 3.4 and 14.2(d).

     13.5 Decisions Binding. The Administrator’s interpretation of the Plan, any Awards granted pursuant to the Plan, any Program, any Award Agreement and all decisions and determinations by the Administrator with respect to the Plan are final, binding, and conclusive on all parties.

     13.6 Delegation of Authority. To the extent permitted by applicable law or the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded, the Board or Committee may from time to time delegate to a committee of one or more members of the Board or one or more officers of the Company the authority to grant or amend Awards or to take other administrative actions pursuant to Article 13; provided, however, that in no event shall an officer of the Company be delegated the authority to grant awards to, or amend awards held by, the following individuals: (a) individuals who are subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act, (b) Covered Employees, or (c) officers of the Company (or Directors) to whom authority to grant or amend Awards has been delegated hereunder; provided, further, that any delegation of administrative authority shall only be permitted to the extent it is permissible under Section 162(m) of the Code and applicable securities laws or the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded. Any delegation hereunder shall be subject to the restrictions and limits that the Board or Committee specifies at the time of such delegation, and the Board may at any time rescind the authority so delegated or appoint a new delegatee. At all times, the delegatee appointed under this Section 13.6 shall serve in such capacity at the pleasure of the Board and the Committee.

ARTICLE 14.
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

     14.1 Amendment, Suspension or Termination of the Plan. Except as otherwise provided in this Section 14.1, the Plan may be wholly or partially amended or otherwise modified, suspended or terminated at any time or from time to time by the Board or the Committee. However, without approval of the Company’s stockholders given within twelve (12) months before or after the action by the Administrator, no action of the Administrator may, except as provided in Section 14.2, (a) increase the Share Limit, or (b) reduce the price per share of any outstanding Option or Stock Appreciation Right granted under the Plan, or (c) cancel any Option or Stock Appreciation Right in exchange for cash or another Award when the Option or Stock Appreciation Right price per share exceeds the Fair Market Value of the underlying Shares. Except as provided in Section 14.10, no amendment, suspension or termination of the Plan shall, without the consent of the Holder, impair any rights or obligations under any Award theretofore granted or awarded, unless the Award itself otherwise expressly so provides. No Awards may be granted or awarded during any period of suspension or after termination of the Plan, and in no event may any Award be granted under the Plan after the tenth (10th) anniversary of the Effective Date.

     14.2 Changes in Common Stock or Assets of the Company, Acquisition or Liquidation of the Company and Other Corporate Events.

  (a) In the event of any stock dividend, stock split, combination or exchange of shares, merger, consolidation or other distribution (other than normal cash dividends) of Company assets to stockholders, or any other change affecting the shares of the Company’s stock or the share price of the Company’s stock other than an Equity Restructuring, the Administrator shall make equitable adjustments, if any, to reflect such change with respect to (i) the aggregate number and kind of shares that may be issued under the Plan (including, but not limited to, adjustments of the limitations in Section 3.1 on the maximum number and kind of shares which may be issued under the Plan, adjustments of the Award Limit, and adjustments of the manner in which shares subject to Full Value Awards will be counted); (ii) the number and kind of shares of Common Stock (or other securities or property) subject to outstanding Awards; (iii) the terms and conditions of any outstanding Awards (including, without limitation, any applicable performance targets or criteria with respect thereto); and (iv) the grant or exercise price per share for any outstanding Awards under the Plan. Any adjustment affecting an Award intended as Performance-Based Compensation shall be made consistent with the requirements of Section 162(m) of the Code.
  (b) In the event of any transaction or event described in Section 14.2(a) or any unusual or nonrecurring transactions or events affecting the Company, any Affiliate of the Company, or the financial statements of the Company or any Affiliate, or of changes in applicable laws, regulations or accounting principles, the Administrator, in its sole discretion, and on such terms and conditions as it deems appropriate, either by the terms of the Award or by action taken prior to the occurrence of such transaction or event and either automatically or upon the Holder’s request, is hereby authorized to take any one or more of the following actions whenever the Administrator determines that such action is appropriate in order to prevent dilution or enlargement of the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available under the Plan or with respect to any Award under the Plan, to facilitate such transactions or events or to give effect to such changes in laws, regulations or principles:

  (i) To provide for either (A) termination of any such Award in exchange for an amount of cash, if any, equal to the amount that would have been attained upon the exercise of such Award or realization of the Holder’s rights (and, for the avoidance of doubt, if as of the date of the occurrence of the transaction or event described in this Section 14.2 the Administrator determines in good faith that no amount would have been attained upon the exercise of such Award or realization of the Holder’s rights, then such Award may be terminated by the Company without payment) or (B) the replacement of such Award with other rights or property selected by the Administrator in its sole discretion having an aggregate value not exceeding the amount that could have been attained upon the exercise of such Award or realization of the Holder’s rights had such Award been currently exercisable or payable or fully vested;

  (ii) To provide that such Award be assumed by the successor or survivor corporation, or a parent or subsidiary thereof, or shall be substituted for by similar options, rights or awards covering the stock of the successor or survivor corporation, or a parent or subsidiary thereof, with appropriate adjustments as to the number and kind of shares and prices;

  (iii) To make adjustments in the number and type of shares of the Company’s stock (or other securities or property) subject to outstanding Awards, and in the number and kind of outstanding Restricted Stock or Deferred Stock and/or in the terms and conditions of (including the grant or exercise price), and the criteria included in, outstanding Awards and Awards which may be granted in the future;

  (iv) To provide that such Award shall be exercisable or payable or fully vested with respect to all shares covered thereby, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Plan or the applicable Program or Award Agreement; and

  (v) To provide that the Award cannot vest, be exercised or become payable after such event.

  (c) In connection with the occurrence of any Equity Restructuring, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Sections 14.2(a) and 14.2(b):

  (i) The number and type of securities subject to each outstanding Award and the exercise price or grant price thereof, if applicable, shall be equitably adjusted; and/or

  (ii) The Administrator shall make such equitable adjustments, if any, as the Administrator in its discretion may deem appropriate to reflect such Equity Restructuring with respect to the aggregate number and kind of shares that may be issued under the Plan (including, but not limited to, adjustments of the limitations in Section 3.1 on the maximum number and kind of shares which may be issued under the Plan, adjustments of the Award Limit, and adjustments of the manner in which shares subject to Full Value Awards will be counted). The adjustments provided under this Section 14.2(c) shall be nondiscretionary and shall be final and binding on the affected Holder and the Company.

  (d) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan, in the event of a Change in Control, each outstanding Award shall continue in effect or be assumed or an equivalent Award substituted by the successor corporation or a parent or subsidiary of the successor corporation. In the event an Award continues in effect or is assumed or an equivalent Award substituted, and a Holder has a Termination of Service by reason of Involuntary Termination or Good Reason upon or within two (2) years following the Change in Control, then such Holder shall be fully vested in such continued, assumed or substituted Award.
  (e) In the event that the successor corporation in a Change in Control refuses to assume or substitute for the Award, the Administrator may cause any or all of such Awards to become fully exercisable immediately prior to the consummation of such transaction and all forfeiture restrictions on any or all of such Awards to lapse. If an Award is exercisable in lieu of assumption or substitution in the event of a Change in Control, the Administrator shall notify the Holder that the Award shall be fully exercisable for a period of fifteen (15) days from the date of such notice, contingent upon the occurrence of the Change in Control, and the Award shall terminate upon the expiration of such period.

  (f) For the purposes of this Section 14.2, an Award shall be considered assumed if, following the Change in Control, the Award confers the right to purchase or receive, for each share of Common Stock subject to the Award immediately prior to the Change in Control, the consideration (whether stock, cash, or other securities or property) received in the Change in Control by holders of Common Stock for each share held on the effective date of the transaction (and if holders were offered a choice of consideration, the type of consideration chosen by the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares); provided, however, that if such consideration received in the Change in Control was not solely common stock of the successor corporation or its parent, the Administrator may, with the consent of the successor corporation, provide for the consideration to be received upon the exercise of the Award, for each share of Common Stock subject to an Award, to be solely common stock of the successor corporation or its parent equal in fair market value to the per share consideration received by holders of Common Stock in the Change in Control.

  (g) The Administrator may, in its sole discretion, include such further provisions and limitations in any Award, agreement or certificate, as it may deem equitable and in the best interests of the Company that are not inconsistent with the provisions of the Plan.

  (h) With respect to Awards which are granted to Covered Employees and are intended to qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, no adjustment or action described in this Section 14.2 or in any other provision of the Plan shall be authorized to the extent that such adjustment or action would cause such Award to fail to so qualify as Performance-Based Compensation, unless the Administrator determines that the Award should not so qualify. No adjustment or action described in this Section 14.2 or in any other provision of the Plan shall be authorized to the extent that such adjustment or action would cause the Plan to violate Section 422(b)(1) of the Code. Furthermore, no such adjustment or action shall be authorized to the extent such adjustment or action would result in short-swing profits liability under Section 16 or violate the exemptive conditions of Rule 16b-3 unless the Administrator determines that the Award is not to comply with such exemptive conditions.

  (i) The existence of the Plan, the Program, the Award Agreement and the Awards granted hereunder shall not affect or restrict in any way the right or power of the Company or the stockholders of the Company to make or authorize any adjustment, recapitalization, reorganization or other change in the Company’s capital structure or its business, any merger or consolidation of the Company, any issue of stock or of options, warrants or rights to purchase stock or of bonds, debentures, preferred or prior preference stocks whose rights are superior to or affect the Common Stock or the rights thereof or which are convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock, or the dissolution or liquidation of the Company, or any sale or transfer of all or any part of its assets or business, or any other corporate act or proceeding, whether of a similar character or otherwise.

  (j) No action shall be taken under this Section 14.2 which shall cause an Award to fail to comply with Section 409A of the Code or the Treasury Regulations thereunder, to the extent applicable to such Award.

  (k) In the event of any pending stock dividend, stock split, combination or exchange of shares, merger, consolidation or other distribution (other than normal cash dividends) of Company assets to stockholders, or any other change affecting the shares of Common Stock or the share price of the Common Stock including any Equity Restructuring, for reasons of administrative convenience, the Company in its sole discretion may refuse to permit the exercise of any Award during a period of thirty (30) days prior to the consummation of any such transaction.
     14.3 Approval of Plan by Stockholders. The Plan will be submitted for the approval of the Company’s stockholders within twelve (12) months after the date of the Board’s initial adoption of the Plan.

     14.4 No Stockholders Rights. Except as otherwise provided herein, a Holder shall have none of the rights of a stockholder with respect to shares of Common Stock covered by any Award until the Holder becomes the record owner of such shares of Common Stock.

     14.5 Paperless Administration. In the event that the Company establishes, for itself or using the services of a third party, an automated system for the documentation, granting or exercise of Awards, such as a system using an internet website or interactive voice response, then the paperless documentation, granting or exercise of Awards by a Holder may be permitted through the use of such an automated system.

     14.6 Effect of Plan upon Other Compensation Plans. The adoption of the Plan shall not affect any other compensation or incentive plans in effect for the Company or any Affiliate. Nothing in the Plan shall be construed to limit the right of the Company or any Affiliate: (a) to establish any other forms of incentives or compensation for Employees of the Company or any Affiliate, or (b) to grant or assume options or other rights or awards otherwise than under the Plan in connection with any proper corporate purpose including without limitation, the grant or assumption of options in connection with the acquisition by purchase, lease, merger, consolidation or otherwise, of the business, stock or assets of any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm or association.

     14.7 Compliance with Laws. The Plan, the granting and vesting of Awards under the Plan and the issuance and delivery of Shares and the payment of money under the Plan or under Awards granted or awarded hereunder are subject to compliance with all applicable federal, state, local and foreign laws, rules and regulations (including but not limited to state, federal and foreign securities law and margin requirements), the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded, and to such approvals by any listing, regulatory or governmental authority as may, in the opinion of counsel for the Company, be necessary or advisable in connection therewith. Any securities delivered under the Plan shall be subject to such restrictions, and the person acquiring such securities shall, if requested by the Company, provide such assurances and representations to the Company as the Company may deem necessary or desirable to assure compliance with all applicable legal requirements. To the extent permitted by applicable law, the Plan and Awards granted or awarded hereunder shall be deemed amended to the extent necessary to conform to such laws, rules and regulations.

     14.8 Titles and Headings, References to Sections of the Code or Exchange Act. The titles and headings of the Sections in the Plan are for convenience of reference only and, in the event of any conflict, the text of the Plan, rather than such titles or headings, shall control. References to sections of the Code or the Exchange Act shall include any amendment or successor thereto.

     14.9 Governing Law. The Plan and any agreements hereunder shall be administered, interpreted and enforced under the internal laws of the State of New York without regard to conflicts of laws thereof or of any other jurisdiction.

     14.10 Section 409A. To the extent that the Administrator determines that any Award granted under the Plan is subject to Section 409A of the Code, the Program pursuant to which such Award is granted and the Award Agreement evidencing such Award shall incorporate the terms and conditions required by Section 409A of the Code. To the extent applicable, the Plan, the Program and any Award Agreements shall be interpreted in accordance with Section 409A of the Code and Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance issued thereunder, including without limitation any such regulations or other guidance that may be issued after the Effective Date. Notwithstanding any provision of the Plan to the contrary, in the event that following the Effective Date the Administrator determines that any Award may be subject to Section 409A of the Code and related Department of Treasury guidance (including such Department of Treasury guidance as may be issued after the Effective Date), the Administrator may adopt such amendments to the Plan and the applicable Program and Award Agreement or adopt other policies and procedures (including amendments, policies and procedures with retroactive effect), or take any other actions, that the Administrator determines are necessary or appropriate to (a) exempt the Award from Section 409A of the Code and/or preserve the intended tax treatment of the benefits provided with respect to the Award, or (b) comply with the requirements of Section 409A of the Code and related Department of Treasury guidance and thereby avoid the application of any penalty taxes under such Section. 
    14.11 No Rights to Awards. No Eligible Individual or other person shall have any claim to be granted any Award pursuant to the Plan, and neither the Company nor the Administrator is obligated to treat Eligible Individuals, Holders or any other persons uniformly.

     14.12 Unfunded Status of Awards. The Plan is intended to be an “unfunded” plan for incentive compensation. With respect to any payments not yet made to a Holder pursuant to an Award, nothing contained in the Plan or any Program or Award Agreement shall give the Holder any rights that are greater than those of a general creditor of the Company or any Affiliate.

     14.13 Indemnification. To the extent allowable pursuant to applicable law, each member of the Committee or of the Board shall be indemnified and held harmless by the Company from any loss, cost, liability, or expense that may be imposed upon or reasonably incurred by such member in connection with or resulting from any claim, action, suit, or proceeding to which he or she may be a party or in which he or she may be involved by reason of any action or failure to act pursuant to the Plan and against and from any and all amounts paid by him or her in satisfaction of judgment in such action, suit, or proceeding against him or her; provided he or she gives the Company an opportunity, at its own expense, to handle and defend the same before he or she undertakes to handle and defend it on his or her own behalf. The foregoing right of indemnification shall not be exclusive of any other rights of indemnification to which such persons may be entitled pursuant to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws, as a matter of law, or otherwise, or any power that the Company may have to indemnify them or hold them harmless.

     14.14 Relationship to other Benefits. No payment pursuant to the Plan shall be taken into account in determining any benefits under any pension, retirement, savings, profit sharing, group insurance, welfare or other benefit plan of the Company or any Affiliate except to the extent otherwise expressly provided in writing in such other plan or an agreement thereunder.

     14.15 Expenses. The expenses of administering the Plan shall be borne by the Company and its Affiliates.
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.
2014 NON-EMPLOYEE DIRECTOR INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN

ARTICLE 1.
PURPOSE

The purpose of the 2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan (as it may be amended or restated from time to time, the “Plan”) is to promote the success and enhance the value of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) by linking the individual interests of Non-Employee Directors to those of Company stockholders and by providing such individuals with an incentive for outstanding performance to generate superior returns to Company stockholders. The Plan is further intended to provide flexibility to the Company in its ability to motivate, attract, and retain the services of Non-Employee Directors upon whose judgment, interest, and special effort the successful conduct of the Company’s operation is largely dependent.

ARTICLE 2.
DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION

Wherever the following terms are used in the Plan they shall have the meanings specified below, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The singular pronoun shall include the plural where the context so indicates.

     2.1 “Administrator” shall mean the entity that conducts the general administration of the Plan as provided in Article 12. With reference to the duties of the Committee under the Plan which have been delegated to one or more persons pursuant to Section 12.6, or as to which the Board has assumed, the term “Administrator” shall refer to such person(s) unless the Committee or the Board has revoked such delegation or the Board has terminated the assumption of such duties.

     2.2 “Affiliate” shall mean (a) Subsidiary; and (b) any domestic eligible entity that is disregarded, under Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-3, as an entity separate from either (i) the Company or (ii) any Subsidiary.

     2.3 “Applicable Accounting Standards” shall mean Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States, International Financial Reporting Standards or such other accounting principles or standards as may apply to the Company’s financial statements under United States federal securities laws from time to time.

     2.4 “Award” shall mean an Option, a Restricted Stock award, a Restricted Stock Unit award, a Performance Award, a Dividend Equivalents award, a Deferred Stock award, a Deferred Stock Unit award, a Stock Payment award or a Stock Appreciation Right, which may be awarded or granted under the Plan (collectively, “Awards”).

     2.5 “Award Agreement” shall mean any written notice, agreement, terms and conditions, contract or other instrument or document evidencing an Award, including through electronic medium, which shall contain such terms and conditions with respect to an Award as the Administrator shall determine consistent with the Plan.

     2.6 “Award Limit” shall mean with respect to Awards that shall be payable in Shares the limit set forth in Section 3.3.

     2.7 “Board” shall mean the Board of Directors of the Company.

     2.8 “Change in Control” shall mean a change in control of a nature that would be required to be reported in response to item 6(e) of Schedule 14A of Regulation 14A promulgated under the Exchange Act as such Schedule, Regulation and Act were in effect on the date of adoption of the Plan by the Board, assuming that such Schedule, Regulation and Act applied to the Company, provided that such change in control shall be deemed to have occurred at such time as:

(e)