UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

R QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2014

£ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM       TO

Commission File No. 001-33861

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

New York
 
11-2153962
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
2929 California Street, Torrance, California
  90503
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (310) 212-7910

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes R No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes R No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer £
Accelerated filer R
Non-accelerated filer £
Smaller reporting company £
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes £ No R

There were 17,962,532 shares of Common Stock outstanding at February 2, 2015.
 


MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
Page
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
4
4
5
6
7
8
24
35
35
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
36
36
36
36
37
39
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.

GLOSSARY

The following terms are frequently used in the text of this report and have the meanings indicated below.

“Used Core” — An automobile part which has been used in the operation of a vehicle. Generally, the Used Core is an original equipment (“OE”) automobile part installed by the vehicle manufacturer and subsequently removed for replacement. Used Cores contain salvageable parts which are an important raw material in the remanufacturing process. We obtain most Used Cores by providing credits to our customers for Used Cores returned to us under our core exchange program. Our customers receive these Used Cores from consumers who deliver a Used Core to obtain credit from our customers upon the purchase of a newly remanufactured automobile part. When sufficient Used Cores cannot be obtained from our customers, we will purchase Used Cores from core brokers, who are in the business of buying and selling Used Cores. The Used Cores purchased from core brokers or returned to us by our customers under the core exchange program, and which have been physically received by us, are part of our raw material or work in process inventory included in long-term core inventory.

“Remanufactured Core” — The Used Core underlying an automobile part that has gone through the remanufacturing process and through that process has become part of a newly remanufactured automobile part. The remanufacturing process takes a Used Core, breaks it down into its component parts, replaces those components that cannot be reused and reassembles the salvageable components of the Used Core and additional new components into a remanufactured automobile part. Remanufactured Cores are included in our on-hand finished goods inventory and in the remanufactured finished good product held for sale at customer locations. Used Cores returned by consumers to our customers but not yet returned to us continue to be classified as Remanufactured Cores until we physically receive these Used Cores. All Remanufactured Cores are included in our long-term core inventory or in our long-term core inventory deposit.
 
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
   
December 31, 2014
   
March 31, 2014
 
ASSETS
 
(Unaudited)
     
Current assets:
       
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
76,718,000
   
$
24,599,000
 
Short-term investments
   
639,000
     
521,000
 
Accounts receivable — net (Note 5)
   
-
     
22,283,000
 
Inventory— net
   
58,531,000
     
47,246,000
 
Inventory unreturned
   
8,046,000
     
7,534,000
 
Deferred income taxes
   
19,083,000
     
18,767,000
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
3,613,000
     
4,316,000
 
Total current assets
   
166,630,000
     
125,266,000
 
Plant and equipment — net
   
11,767,000
     
11,025,000
 
Long-term core inventory — net
   
153,648,000
     
143,476,000
 
Long-term core inventory deposits
   
31,571,000
     
29,375,000
 
Long-term deferred income taxes
   
3,284,000
     
2,614,000
 
Intangible assets — net
   
2,734,000
     
3,244,000
 
Other assets
   
4,027,000
     
3,853,000
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
373,661,000
   
$
318,853,000
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS'  EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
60,472,000
   
$
59,509,000
 
Accrued liabilities
   
9,101,000
     
8,316,000
 
Customer finished goods returns accrual
   
16,973,000
     
16,251,000
 
Revolving loan
   
-
     
10,000,000
 
Other current liabilities
   
3,949,000
     
1,270,000
 
Current portion of term loan
   
7,843,000
     
7,843,000
 
Total current liabilities
   
98,338,000
     
103,189,000
 
Term loan, less current portion
   
74,052,000
     
79,434,000
 
Deferred core revenue (Note 3)
   
-
     
15,065,000
 
Other liabilities
   
14,036,000
     
11,529,000
 
Total liabilities
   
186,426,000
     
209,217,000
 
Commitments and contingencies
               
Shareholders' equity:
               
Preferred stock; par value $.01 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued
   
-
     
-
 
    Series A junior participating preferred stock; par value $.01 per share, 20,000 shares authorized; none issued
-
-
Common stock; par value $.01 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized;17,960,098 and 15,067,645 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively
   
180,000
     
151,000
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
190,556,000
     
120,553,000
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(1,661,000
)
   
(877,000
)
Accumulated deficit
   
(1,840,000
)
   
(10,191,000
)
Total shareholders' equity
   
187,235,000
     
109,636,000
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
373,661,000
   
$
318,853,000
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
                 
Net sales
 
$
83,992,000
   
$
65,568,000
   
$
217,807,000
   
$
181,987,000
 
Cost of goods sold
   
59,564,000
     
43,642,000
     
157,143,000
     
124,342,000
 
Gross profit
   
24,428,000
     
21,926,000
     
60,664,000
     
57,645,000
 
Operating expenses:
                               
General and administrative
   
12,628,000
     
9,580,000
     
27,832,000
     
27,918,000
 
Sales and marketing
   
2,281,000
     
1,905,000
     
5,944,000
     
5,779,000
 
Research and development
   
601,000
     
452,000
     
1,662,000
     
1,399,000
 
Total operating expenses
   
15,510,000
     
11,937,000
     
35,438,000
     
35,096,000
 
Operating income
   
8,918,000
     
9,989,000
     
25,226,000
     
22,549,000
 
Interest expense, net
   
3,165,000
     
6,524,000
     
9,917,000
     
15,112,000
 
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense
   
5,753,000
     
3,465,000
     
15,309,000
     
7,437,000
 
Income tax expense
   
2,826,000
     
2,317,000
     
6,958,000
     
4,022,000
 
Income from continuing operations
   
2,927,000
     
1,148,000
     
8,351,000
     
3,415,000
 
Income from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
100,877,000
 
Net income
 
$
2,927,000
   
$
1,148,000
   
$
8,351,000
   
$
104,292,000
 
 
                               
Basic net income per share from continuing operations
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.08
   
$
0.51
   
$
0.24
 
Basic net income per share from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
6.95
 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.08
   
$
0.51
   
$
7.19
 
                                 
Diluted net income per share from continuing operations
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.49
   
$
0.23
 
Diluted net income per share from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
6.75
 
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.49
   
$
6.98
 
     
 
                         
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:
                               
Basic
   
17,921,682
     
14,618,930
     
16,331,168
     
14,513,864
 
Diluted
   
18,822,664
     
15,429,756
     
17,206,069
     
14,944,937
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
                 
Net income
 
$
2,927,000
   
$
1,148,000
   
$
8,351,000
   
$
104,292,000
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
                               
Unrealized gain on short-term investments (net of tax of $10,000, $10,000, $15,000 and $20,000)
   
15,000
     
16,000
     
22,000
     
30,000
 
Foreign currency translation loss
   
(338,000
)
   
(47,000
)
   
(806,000
)
   
(59,000
)
Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax
   
(323,000
)
   
(31,000
)
   
(784,000
)
   
(29,000
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
2,604,000
   
$
1,117,000
   
$
7,567,000
   
$
104,263,000
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
2014
   
2013
 
Net income
 
$
8,351,000
   
$
104,292,000
 
Less income from discontinued operations
   
-
     
100,877,000
 
Income from continuing operations
   
8,351,000
     
3,415,000
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation
   
1,355,000
     
1,533,000
 
Amortization of intangible assets
   
510,000
     
558,000
 
Amortization of debt issuance costs
   
1,274,000
     
4,157,000
 
Loss due to change in fair value of warrant liability
   
2,199,000
     
6,881,000
 
Gain on extinguishment of warrant liability
   
-
     
(216,000
)
Gain on redemption of short term investment
   
(4,000
)
   
-
 
Provision for inventory reserves
   
839,000
     
1,062,000
 
Net recovery of customer payment discrepancies
   
(292,000
)
   
(210,000
)
Provision for (net recovery of) doubtful accounts
   
178,000
     
(47,000
)
Deferred income taxes
   
(1,067,000
)
   
14,220,000
 
Share-based compensation expense
   
1,697,000
     
549,000
 
Impact of tax benefit on APIC pool from stock options exercised
   
90,000
     
717,000
 
Loss on disposals of plant and equipment
   
1,000
     
8,000
 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
22,398,000
     
1,507,000
 
Inventory
   
(11,576,000
)
   
(10,210,000
)
Inventory unreturned
   
(512,000
)
   
(218,000
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
427,000
     
5,689,000
 
Other assets
   
(378,000
)
   
(353,000
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
   
1,740,000
     
8,876,000
 
Customer finished goods returns accrual
   
722,000
     
(1,359,000
)
Deferred core revenue
   
(15,065,000
)
   
1,395,000
 
Long-term core inventory
   
(10,728,000
)
   
(17,244,000
)
Long-term core inventory deposits
   
(2,196,000
)
   
(1,247,000
)
Other liabilities
   
2,963,000
     
262,000
 
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations
   
2,926,000
     
19,725,000
 
Net cash provided by operating activities from discontinued operations
   
-
     
979,000
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
2,926,000
     
20,704,000
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of plant and equipment
   
(2,551,000
)
   
(2,154,000
)
Change in short term investments
   
(77,000
)
   
(35,000
)
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations
   
(2,628,000
)
   
(2,189,000
)
Net cash used in investing activities from discontinued operations
   
-
     
(295,000
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(2,628,000
)
   
(2,484,000
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Borrowings under revolving loan
   
-
     
10,000,000
 
Repayment of revolving loan
   
(10,000,000
)
   
-
 
Proceeds from term loan
   
-
     
20,000,000
 
Repayments of term loan
   
(6,300,000
)
   
(9,500,000
)
Debt issuance costs
   
-
     
(5,221,000
)
Payments on capital lease obligations
   
(48,000
)
   
(156,000
)
Exercise of stock options
   
1,152,000
     
3,555,000
 
Excess tax benefit related to share-based compensation
   
925,000
     
491,000
 
Cash used to net share settle equity awards
   
(806,000
)
   
-
 
Repurchase of common stock and options, including fees
   
-
     
(627,000
)
Repurchase of warrants
   
-
     
(2,194,000
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
   
71,760,000
     
-
 
Stock issuance costs
   
(4,787,000
)
   
-
 
Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations
   
51,896,000
     
16,348,000
 
Net cash used in financing activities from discontinued operations
   
-
     
(20,636,000
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
51,896,000
     
(4,288,000
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
(75,000
)
   
(36,000
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
52,119,000
     
13,896,000
 
Cash and cash equivalents — Beginning of period from continuing operations
   
24,599,000
     
19,346,000
 
Cash and cash equivalents— Beginning of period from discontinued operations
   
-
     
88,000
 
Cash and cash equivalents  — End of period
 
$
76,718,000
   
$
33,330,000
 
Less Cash — End of period from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
 
Cash and cash equivalents — End of period from continuing operations
 
$
76,718,000
   
$
33,330,000
 
                 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
               
Cash paid during the period for:
               
Interest, net
 
$
8,642,000
   
$
12,095,000
 
Income taxes, net of refunds
   
3,981,000
     
(16,472,000
)
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
Property acquired under capital lease
 
$
6,000
   
$
34,000
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
December 31, 2014
(Unaudited)

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2015. This report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on June 16, 2014, as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2014.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a consistent basis with, and there have been no material changes to, the accounting policies described in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements that are presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014.

Corrections to Previously Issued Financial Statements

In connection with the preparation of the financial statements, errors in the computation and disclosure of diluted net income per share were identified for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2013.  This resulted from an error in the computation of diluted shares under the “treasury stock method” as a result of not properly considering non-vested awards in the computation of diluted earnings per share. This error affected the weighted average shares outstanding used in the denominator for diluted net income per share. The Company evaluated the materiality of this error and concluded that it was immaterial. While the adjustments were immaterial, the Company elected to revise its previously reported diluted earnings per share as shown in the following table:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2013
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31, 2013
 
   
As Reported
   
As Revised
   
As Reported
   
As Revised
 
Numerator:
               
Income from continuing operations
 
$
1,148,000
   
$
1,148,000
   
$
3,415,000
   
$
3,415,000
 
Income from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
100,877,000
     
100,877,000
 
Net income
 
$
1,148,000
   
$
1,148,000
   
$
104,292,000
   
$
104,292,000
 
                                 
Demonimator:
                               
Shares used for basic net income per share
   
14,618,930
     
14,618,930
     
14,513,864
     
14,513,864
 
Effect of potentially dilutive securities
   
643,567
     
810,826
     
306,477
     
431,073
 
Weighted average shares outstanding for diluted net income per share
   
15,262,497
     
15,429,756
     
14,820,341
     
14,944,937
 
Diluted net income per share from continuing operations
 
$
0.08
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.23
   
$
0.23
 
Diluted net income per share from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
6.81
     
6.75
 
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.08
   
$
0.07
   
$
7.04
   
$
6.98
 

These corrections had no impact on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, net income, basic net income per share, or the consolidated statements of comprehensive income and consolidated statements of cash flows for any of the above mentioned periods.
 
1. Company Background and Organization

Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”, or “MPA”) is a leading manufacturer, remanufacturer, and distributor of aftermarket automotive parts. These replacement parts are sold for use on vehicles after initial vehicle purchase. These automotive parts are sold to automotive retail chain stores and warehouse distributors throughout North America and to major automobile manufacturers for both their aftermarket programs and warranty replacement programs (“OES”). The Company’s products include alternators and starters, wheel hub assemblies and bearings, and new brake master cylinders. The Company began selling new brake master cylinders to a major customer in late July 2014.

The Company obtains used automotive parts, commonly known as Used Cores, primarily from its customers under the Company’s core exchange program. It also purchases Used Cores from vendors (core brokers). The customers grant credit to the consumer when the used part is returned to them, and the Company in turn provides a credit to the customers upon return to the Company. These Used Cores are an essential material needed for the remanufacturing operations.
 
The Company has remanufacturing, warehousing and shipping/receiving operations for automotive parts in North America and Asia. In addition, the Company utilizes various third party warehouse distribution centers in North America.

Pursuant to the guidance provided under the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), for segment reporting the Company has determined that its operating segments meet the criteria for aggregation and accordingly the Company has one reportable segment for purposes of recording and reporting its financial results.

2. Discontinued Operations

In May 2011, the Company purchased (i) all of the outstanding equity of Fenwick Automotive Products Limited (“FAPL”), (ii) all of the outstanding equity of Introcan, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Introcan”), and (iii) 1% of the outstanding equity of Fapco S.A. de C.V., a Mexican variable capital company (“Fapco”) (collectively, “Fenco” and also referred to herein as the “discontinued subsidiary”). Since FAPL owned 99% of Fapco prior to these acquisitions, the Company owned 100% of Fapco.

Between May 2011 and its bankruptcy in June 2013, Fenco had been attempting to turn around its business. However, revenues generated by its undercar product line segment were not sufficient to enable Fenco to meet its operating expenses and otherwise implement its undercar product line turnaround plan. Fenco had recurring operating losses since the date of acquisition and had a working capital and equity deficiency.

In May 2013, FAPL appointed a new board of independent directors, hired an independent chief restructuring officer and all its previously existing officers resigned from FAPL. As a result of loss of control of Fenco, the Company deconsolidated the assets and liabilities of Fenco from its consolidated financial statements effective May 31, 2013. On June 10, 2013, each of FAPL, Introcan and Introcan’s subsidiaries, Flo-Pro Inc., LH Distribution Inc., Rafko Logistics Inc., Rafko Holdings Inc. and Rafko Enterprises Inc. (collectively, the “Fenco Entities”), filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 7 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. As a result of the loss of control of Fenco and the subsequent filing of the petition for relief under the Bankruptcy Code, Fenco had effectively been disposed of and the Company did not and does not retain any continuing involvement in the operations of Fenco. The Company may be subject to claims relating to the bankruptcy (see Note 17).
 
The Company’s income from discontinued operations was $100,877,000 during the nine months ended December 31, 2013 and consisted of (i) a $118,095,000 gain on the deconsolidation of the discontinued subsidiary, including an income tax benefit of $1,374,000, (ii) a loss of approximately $20,464,000 in connection with the guarantee of obligations to certain suppliers of the discontinued subsidiary partly offset by income tax benefits of $9,156,000, and (iii) net sales of approximately $14,140,000 and the resulting loss of approximately $5,910,000 incurred by the discontinued subsidiary from April 1, 2013 to May 31, 2013.

3. Deferred Core Revenue

For certain customers, the Company had agreed in the past to buy back Remanufactured Cores related to existing product offerings with such customers. The Company had deferred core revenue from these customers until there was no expectation that the sales allowances associated with Remanufactured Core buybacks from these customers would offset Remanufactured Core revenues that would otherwise be recognized. During the three months ended December 31, 2014, the Company was able to estimate the cost of the remaining Remanufactured Cores that can be bought back in the future from these customers. Therefore, the Company recognized previously deferred core revenue of $16,331,000 and associated cost of goods sold, partly offset by an accrued sales allowance of $3,706,000 for future buy-backs of Remanufactured Cores.

4. Intangible Assets

The following is a summary of the intangible assets subject to amortization at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014.

      
December 31, 2014
   
March 31, 2014
 
Weighted
Average
Amortization
Period
 
Gross
Carrying
Value
   
Accumulated
Amortization
   
Gross
Carrying
Value
   
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Intangible assets subject to amortization
                 
Trademarks
9 years
 
$
553,000
   
$
423,000
   
$
553,000
   
$
391,000
 
Customer relationships
12 years
   
6,464,000
     
3,860,000
     
6,464,000
     
3,393,000
 
Non-compete agreements
5 years
   
257,000
     
257,000
     
257,000
     
246,000
 
Total
11 years
 
$
7,274,000
   
$
4,540,000
   
$
7,274,000
   
$
4,030,000
 

Amortization expense for acquired intangible assets is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
Amortization expense
 
$
160,000
   
$
180,000
   
$
510,000
   
$
558,000
 

The estimated future amortization expense for intangible assets subject to amortization is as follows:

Year Ending March 31,
   
2015 - remaining three months
 
$
160,000
 
2016
   
349,000
 
2017
   
266,000
 
2018
   
266,000
 
2019
   
266,000
 
Thereafter
   
1,427,000
 
Total
 
$
2,734,000
 
 
5. Accounts Receivable — Net

Included in accounts receivable — net are significant offset accounts related to customer allowances earned, customer payment discrepancies, returned goods authorizations (“RGA”) issued for in-transit unit returns, estimated future credits to be provided for Used Cores returned by the customers and potential bad debts. Due to the forward looking nature and the different aging periods of certain estimated offset accounts, the offset accounts may not, at any point in time, directly relate to the balances in the accounts receivable-trade account.

Accounts receivable — net is comprised of the following:

   
December 31, 2014
 
March 31, 2014
 
Accounts receivable — trade
 
$
46,018,000
     
$
58,766,000
 
Allowance for bad debts
   
(623,000
)
     
(854,000
)
Customer allowances earned
   
(12,153,000
)
     
(9,088,000
)
Customer payment discrepancies
   
(487,000
)
     
(577,000
)
Customer returns RGA issued
   
(9,018,000
)
     
(5,809,000
)
Customer core returns accruals
   
(24,638,000
)
     
(20,155,000
)
Less: total accounts receivable offset accounts
   
(46,919,000
)
     
(36,483,000
)
Total accounts receivable — net
 
$
(901,000
)
(1)
 
$
22,283,000
 
 

(1) Accounts receivable –net has been reclassified and included in accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2014 (see Note 3).

Warranty Returns

The Company allows its customers to return goods to the Company that their end-user customers have returned to them, whether the returned item is or is not defective (warranty returns). The Company accrues an estimate of its exposure to warranty returns based on a historical analysis of the level of this type of return as a percentage of total unit sales. Amounts charged to expense for these warranty returns are considered in arriving at the Company’s net sales. At December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, the Company’s total warranty return accrual was $7,003,000 and $8,039,000, respectively, of which of $3,355,000 and $2,407,000 was included in the customer returns RGA issued balance in the above table for expected credits to be issued against accounts receivable and $3,648,000 and $5,632,000, respectively, was included in the customer finished goods returns accrual in the consolidated balance sheets for estimated future warranty returns.
 
Change in the Company’s warranty return accrual from its continuing operations is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
8,421,000
   
$
7,204,000
   
$
8,039,000
   
$
6,205,000
 
Charged to expense
   
13,651,000
     
12,471,000
     
44,010,000
     
41,196,000
 
Amounts processed
   
(15,069,000
)
   
(13,267,000
)
   
(45,046,000
)
   
(40,993,000
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
7,003,000
   
$
6,408,000
   
$
7,003,000
   
$
6,408,000
 

6. Inventory

Inventory is comprised of the following:

   
December 31, 2014
   
March 31, 2014
 
Non-core inventory
       
Raw materials
 
$
19,203,000
   
$
18,787,000
 
Work-in-process
   
265,000
     
124,000
 
Finished goods
   
41,022,000
     
30,197,000
 
     
60,490,000
     
49,108,000
 
Less allowance for excess and obsolete inventory
   
(1,959,000
)
   
(1,862,000
)
Total
 
$
58,531,000
   
$
47,246,000
 
                 
Inventory unreturned
 
$
8,046,000
   
$
7,534,000
 
Long-term core inventory
               
Used cores held at the Company's facilities
 
$
25,797,000
   
$
23,718,000
 
Used cores expected to be returned by customers
   
8,294,000
     
6,160,000
 
Remanufactured cores held in finished goods
   
21,698,000
     
18,093,000
 
Remanufactured cores held at customers' locations
   
98,560,000
     
96,351,000
 
     
154,349,000
     
144,322,000
 
Less allowance for excess and obsolete inventory
   
(701,000
)
   
(846,000
)
Total
 
$
153,648,000
   
$
143,476,000
 
                 
Long-term core inventory deposits
 
$
31,571,000
   
$
29,375,000
 
 
7. Major Customers

The Company’s largest customers accounted for the following total percentage of net sales from continuing operations:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
Sales
 
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
Customer A
   
63
%
   
54
%
   
57
%
   
52
%
Customer B
   
19
%
   
19
%
   
21
%
   
21
%
Customer C
   
5
%
   
10
%
   
6
%
   
11
%
Customer D
   
2
%
   
3
%
   
3
%
   
4
%

The Company’s largest customers accounted for the following total percentage of accounts receivable—trade:

Accounts receivable - trade
 
December 31, 2014
   
March 31, 2014
 
Customer A
   
36
%
   
46
%
Customer B
   
20
%
   
12
%
Customer C
   
5
%
   
7
%
Customer D
   
7
%
   
10
%

The Company’s largest supplier accounted for 5% and 13% of inventory purchases for the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The Company’s largest supplier accounted for 10% and 14% of inventory purchases for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

8. Debt

The Company has the following credit agreements.

Financing Agreement

The Company is party to a financing agreement, as amended, (the “Financing Agreement”) with a syndicate of lenders, Cerberus Business Finance, LLC (“Cerberus”), as collateral agent, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent. The loans made thereunder (the “Loans”) consist of: (i) term loans aggregating $95,000,000 (the “Term Loans”) and (ii) revolving loans of up to $30,000,000, subject to borrowing base restrictions and a $10,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit (the “Revolving Loans”). The Loans mature on November 6, 2018. In connection with the Financing Agreement, the lenders were granted a security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company. In addition, the Company has the right, subject to meeting certain conditions, to repurchase up to $10,000,000 of the Company’s equity interests.

In June 2014, the Company entered into a first amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “First Amendment”), pursuant to which (i) the Revolving Loans were increased by $10,000,000 to $40,000,000 (the “Amended Revolving Loans”), (ii) the maximum amount of capital expenditures was increased to $7,000,000 for fiscal 2015, and $4,000,000 for each of fiscal 2016 and 2017, and (iii) certain other amendments and modifications were made.

In September 2014, the Company entered into a second amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Second Amendment”), pursuant to which the Company was permitted to lease an additional third party warehouse location in Mexico and office space in Canada.

In December 2014, the Company entered into a third amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Third Amendment”), pursuant to which (i) the definition of consolidated earnings before interest, income tax, depreciation and amortization expenses (“EBITDA”) was amended and (ii) certain schedules to the Financing Agreement were updated.
 
The Term Loans require quarterly principal payments of $2,100,000 per quarter and bear interest at rates equal to, at the Company’s option, either LIBOR (subject to a 1.50% LIBOR floor) plus 5.25% or a reference rate plus 4.25%. The Amended Revolving Loans bear interest at rates equal to, at the Company’s option, either LIBOR plus 2.50% or a reference rate plus 1.00%. The interest rate on the Company’s Term Loans using the LIBOR option was 6.75% at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively. The interest rate on the Company’s Revolving Loans using the LIBOR option was 2.66% at March 31, 2014.

The following summarizes information about the Company’s Term Loans at:

   
December 31, 2014
   
March 31, 2014
 
Principal amount of term loan
 
$
86,600,000
   
$
92,900,000
 
Unamortized financing fees
   
(4,705,000
)
   
(5,623,000
)
Net carrying amount of term loan
   
81,895,000
     
87,277,000
 
Less current portion of term loan
   
(7,843,000
)
   
(7,843,000
)
Long-term portion of term loan
 
$
74,052,000
   
$
79,434,000
 

Future repayments of the Company’s Term Loans, by fiscal year, are as follows:

Year Ending March 31,
   
2015 - remaining three months
 
$
2,100,000
 
2016
   
8,400,000
 
2017
   
8,400,000
 
2018
   
8,400,000
 
2019
   
59,300,000
 
Total payments
 
$
86,600,000
 

The Company may reduce or terminate the commitments of the lenders to make the Amended Revolving Loans or prepay the Term Loans in whole or in part. Such prepayments were subject to a prepayment penalty of 2.00% times the sum of the reduction of the revolving credit commitment plus the principal amount of any prepayment of the Term Loans through January 18, 2015 and may be made with no prepayment penalty thereafter.

The Financing Agreement, among other things, requires the Company to maintain certain financial covenants including a maximum senior leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and minimum consolidated EBITDA. The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants as of December 31, 2014.

The Company had no outstanding balance on the Amended Revolving Loans; however, $430,000 was reserved for standby letters of credit for workers’ compensation insurance and $694,000 for commercial letters of credit as of December 31, 2014. The Company had borrowed $10,000,000 under the Revolving Loans at March 31, 2014. As of December 31, 2014, $38,876,000, subject to certain adjustments, was available under the Amended Revolving Loans.

WX Agreement

In August 2012, the Company entered into a Revolving Credit/Strategic Cooperation Agreement (the “WX Agreement”) with Wanxiang America Corporation (the “Supplier”) and the discontinued subsidiary. In connection with the WX Agreement, the Company also issued a warrant (the “Supplier Warrant”) to the Supplier to purchase up to 516,129 shares of the Company’s common stock for an initial exercise price of $7.75 per share exercisable at any time after August 22, 2014 and on or prior to September 30, 2017. The exercise price is subject to adjustments, among other things, for sales of common stock by the Company at a price below the exercise price.

The fair value of the Supplier Warrant using the Monte Carlo simulation model was $12,246,000 and $10,047,000 at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively. This amount is recorded as a warrant liability which is included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014. During the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, a loss of $1,924,000 for each period was recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of this warrant liability. During the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, losses of $2,199,000 and $4,846,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of this warrant liability.
 
9. Accounts Receivable Discount Programs

The Company uses receivable discount programs with certain customers and their respective banks. Under these programs, the Company may sell those customers’ receivables to those banks at a discount to be agreed upon at the time the receivables are sold. These discount arrangements allow the Company to accelerate collection of customers’ receivables.

The following is a summary of the Company’s accounts receivable discount programs from its continuing operations:

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Receivables discounted
 
$
198,073,000
   
$
155,739,000
 
Weighted average days
   
337
     
336
 
Annualized weighted average discount rate
   
2.0
%
   
2.3
%
Amount of discount as interest expense
 
$
3,691,000
   
$
3,280,000
 

10. Net Income Per Share

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share includes the effect, if any, from the potential exercise or conversion of securities, such as stock options and warrants, which would result in the issuance of incremental shares of common stock.

The following presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted net income per share.

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
                 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
2,927,000
   
$
1,148,000
   
$
8,351,000
   
$
3,415,000
 
Income from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
100,877,000
 
Net income
 
$
2,927,000
   
$
1,148,000
   
$
8,351,000
   
$
104,292,000
 
Basic shares
   
17,921,682
     
14,618,930
     
16,331,168
     
14,513,864
 
Effect of potentially dilutive securities
   
900,982
     
810,826
     
874,901
     
431,073
 
Diluted shares
   
18,822,664
     
15,429,756
     
17,206,069
     
14,944,937
 
Net income per share:
                               
Basic net income per share from continuing operations
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.08
   
$
0.51
   
$
0.24
 
Basic net income per share from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
6.95
 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.08
   
$
0.51
   
$
7.19
 
                                 
Diluted net income per share from continuing operations
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.49
   
$
0.23
 
Diluted net income per share from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
6.75
 
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.16
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.49
   
$
6.98
 

The effect of dilutive options excludes 421,500 shares subject to options with exercise prices ranging from $10.73 to $15.06 per share for the nine months ended December 31, 2013— which were anti-dilutive.
 
11. Income Taxes

The Company recorded income tax expenses from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, of $2,826,000, or an effective tax rate of 49.1%, and $2,317,000, or an effective tax rate of 66.9%, respectively. For the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company recorded income tax expenses from continuing operations of $6,958,000, or an effective tax rate of 45.5%, and $4,022,000, or an effective tax rate of 54.1%, respectively. The Company’s income tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2014 includes the required adjustments to reflect the appropriate nine-month rate for fiscal 2015. The income tax rates for all periods were higher than the federal statutory rate primarily due to the impact of the non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m), non-deductible expenses in connection with the fair value adjustments on the warrants, and state income taxes, which were partially offset by the benefits of lower statutory tax rates in foreign taxing jurisdictions. In addition, the income tax rates for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 reflect the payments made under voluntary disclosure agreements with certain states.

The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various states and foreign jurisdictions with varying statutes of limitations. At December 31, 2014, the Company continues to be under examination in the U.S. by the Internal Revenue Service for fiscal years 2011 through 2013. The Company received a final determination from the State of California regarding its examination for fiscal years 2008 through 2010 in September 2014 requiring no significant changes to the Company’s tax returns for those fiscal years as filed. The Company is not under examination in any another jurisdiction. The Company believes no significant changes in the unrecognized tax benefits will occur within the next 12 months.

12. Financial Risk Management and Derivatives

Purchases and expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which are primarily related to the Company’s facilities overseas, expose the Company to market risk from material movements in foreign exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and the foreign currency. The Company’s primary risk exposure is from fluctuations in the value of the Mexican peso and to a lesser extent the Chinese yuan. To mitigate these risks, the Company enters into forward foreign currency exchange contracts to exchange U.S. dollars for these foreign currencies. The extent to which forward foreign currency exchange contracts are used is modified periodically in response to the Company’s estimate of market conditions and the terms and length of anticipated requirements.

The Company enters into forward foreign currency exchange contracts in order to reduce the impact of foreign currency fluctuations and not to engage in currency speculation. The use of derivative financial instruments allows the Company to reduce its exposure to the risk that the eventual cash outflow resulting from funding the expenses of the foreign operations will be materially affected by changes in exchange rates. The Company does not hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes. The forward foreign currency exchange contracts are designated for forecasted expenditure requirements to fund foreign operations.

The Company had forward foreign currency exchange contracts with a U.S. dollar equivalent notional value of $18,717,000 and $17,796,000 at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively. These contracts generally expire in a year or less, at rates agreed at the inception of the contracts. The counterparty to this derivative transaction is a major financial institution with investment grade or better credit rating; however, the Company is exposed to credit risk with this institution. The credit risk is limited to the potential unrealized gains (which offset currency fluctuations adverse to the Company) in any such contract should this counterparty fail to perform as contracted. Any changes in the fair values of forward foreign currency exchange contracts are reflected in current period earnings and accounted for as an increase or offset to general and administrative expenses.
 
The following table shows the effect of the Company’s derivative instruments on its consolidated statements of income:

   
Gain (Loss) Recognized within General and Administrative Expenses
 
 
Derivatives Not Designated as
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
Hedging Instruments
 
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts
 
$
(938,000
)
 
$
74,000
   
$
(1,066,000
)
 
$
(759,000
)

The fair value of the forward foreign currency exchange contracts of $1,225,000 and $159,000 is included in other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively.

13. Fair Value Measurements

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value, by level within the fair value hierarchy as of December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014:

   
December 31, 2014
   
March 31, 2014
 
       
Fair Value Measurements
Using Inputs Considered as
       
Fair Value Measurements
Using Inputs Considered as
 
   
Fair Value
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Fair Value
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Assets
                               
Short-term investments
                               
Mutual funds
 
$
639,000
   
$
639,000
     
-
     
-
   
$
521,000
   
$
521,000
     
-
     
-
 
                                                                 
Liabilities
                                                               
Other current liabilities
                                                               
Deferred compensation
   
639,000
     
639,000
     
-
     
-
     
521,000
     
521,000
     
-
     
-
 
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts
   
1,225,000
     
-
   
$
1,225,000
     
-
     
159,000
     
-
   
$
159,000
     
-
 
Other liabilities
                                                               
Warrant liability
   
12,246,000
     
-
     
-
   
$
12,246,000
     
10,047,000
     
-
     
-
   
$
10,047,000
 

The Company’s short-term investments, which fund its deferred compensation liabilities, consist of investments in mutual funds. These investments are classified as Level 1 as the shares of these mutual funds trade with sufficient frequency and volume to enable the Company to obtain pricing information on an ongoing basis.

The forward foreign currency exchange contracts are primarily measured based on the foreign currency spot and forward rates quoted by the banks or foreign currency dealers. During the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, a loss of $938,000 and a gain of $74,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the value of the forward foreign currency exchange contracts subsequent to entering into the contracts. During the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, losses of $1,066,000 and $759,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the value of the forward foreign currency exchange contracts subsequent to entering into the contracts

The Company estimates the fair value of the warrant liability using level 3 inputs and the Monte Carlo simulation model at each balance sheet date. This amount is recorded as a warrant liability which is included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014. Any subsequent changes from the initial recognition in the fair value of the warrant liability are recorded in current period earnings as a general and administrative expense. During the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, losses of $1,924,000 and $2,920,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of the warrant liability. During the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, losses of $2,199,000 and $6,881,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of the warrant liability.
 
The assumptions used to determine the fair value of the Supplier Warrant recorded as warrant liability were:

   
December 31, 2014
 
Risk free interest rate
   
0.99
%
Expected life in years
   
2.75
 
Expected volatility
   
48.20
%
Dividend yield
   
-
 
Probability of future financing
   
0
%

The risk free interest rate used was based on U.S. treasury-note yields with terms commensurate with the remaining term of the warrant. The expected life is based on the remaining contractual term of the warrant and the expected volatility is based on the Company’s daily historical volatility over a period commensurate with the remaining term of the warrant.

A summary of the change to the Company’s warrant liability, as measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) is presented below:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
Beginning balance
 
$
10,322,000
   
$
5,975,000
   
$
10,047,000
   
$
2,014,000
 
Newly issued
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total (gain) loss included in net loss
   
1,924,000
     
2,920,000
     
2,199,000
     
6,881,000
 
Exercises/settlements
   
-
     
(2,410,000
)
   
-
     
(2,410,000
)
Net transfers in (out) of Level 3
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Ending balance
 
$
12,246,000
   
$
6,485,000
   
$
12,246,000
   
$
6,485,000
 

During the nine months ended December 31, 2014, the Company had no significant measurements of assets or liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis subsequent to their initial recognition.

The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The carrying amounts of the revolving loans, term loans and other long-term liabilities approximate their fair value based on the variable nature of interest rates and current rates for instruments with similar characteristics.

14. Stock Options and Restricted Stock Awards

Stock Options

The Company granted options to purchase 82,537 and 272,000 shares of common stock during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The cost associated with stock options is estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires the input of subjective assumptions including the expected volatility of the underlying stock and the expected holding period of the option. These subjective assumptions are based on both historical and other information. Changes in the values assumed and used in the model can materially affect the estimate of fair value.
 
The table below summarizes the Black-Scholes option pricing model assumptions used to derive the weighted average fair value of the stock options granted during the periods noted.

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Weighted average risk free interest rate
   
1.75
%
   
1.94
%
Weighted average expected holding period (years)
   
5.01
     
5.96
 
Weighted average expected volatility
   
46.02
%
   
48.52
%
Weighted average expected dividend yield
   
-
     
-
 
Weighted average fair value of options granted
 
$
9.65
   
$
4.42
 

A summary of stock option transactions for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 follows:

   
Number of
Shares
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2014
   
1,426,968
   
$
9.21
 
Granted
   
82,537
   
$
22.99
 
Exercised
   
(94,234
)
 
$
10.31
 
Cancelled
   
(8,250
)
 
$
10.71
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2014
   
1,407,021
   
$
9.93
 
 
At December 31, 2014, options to purchase 1,080,123 shares of common stock were exercisable at the weighted average exercise price of $8.80.

A summary of changes in the status of non-vested stock options during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 is presented below:

   
 
Number of
Shares
   
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
 
Non-vested at March 31, 2014
   
490,702
   
$
4.39
 
Granted
   
82,537
   
$
9.65
 
Vested
   
(246,341
)
 
$
3.89
 
Cancelled
   
-
   
$
-
 
Non-vested at December 31, 2014
   
326,898
   
$
6.09
 

At December 31, 2014, there was $1,685,000 of total unrecognized compensation expense from stock-based compensation granted under the plans, which is related to non-vested shares. The compensation expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted average vesting period of approximately 1.8 years.

Restricted Stock

During the nine months ended December 31, 2014, the Company granted 95,645 shares of restricted stock with an estimated grant date fair value of $2,316,000, which was based on the closing market price on the date of grant. During the nine months ended December 31, 2013, the Company granted 138,000 shares of restricted stock with an estimated grant date fair value of $1,286,000, which was based on the closing market price on the date of grant. These awards generally vest in three equal installments beginning each anniversary from the grant date, subject to continued employment. The fair value related to the awards of restricted stock is recognized as compensation expense over the vesting period.
 
A summary of changes in the status of non-vested restricted stock during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 is presented below:

   
 
Number of
Shares
   
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
 
Non-vested restricted stock at March 31, 2014
   
138,000
   
$
9.32
 
Restricted stock granted
   
95,645
   
$
24.21
 
Restricted stock vested
   
(50,402
)
 
$
10.51
 
Restricted stock cancelled
   
-
   
$
-
 
Non-vested restricted stock at December 31, 2014
   
183,243
   
$
16.77
 

As of December 31, 2014, there was $2,588,000 of unrecognized compensation expense related to awards of the restricted stock, which will be recognized over the remaining vesting period of approximately 2.2 years.

15. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended December 31, 2014
   
Three Months Ended December 31, 2013
 
   
Unrealized
Gain
on Short-Term
Investments
   
Foreign
Currency
Translation
   
 
 
 
Total
   
Unrealized
Gain
on Short-Term
Investments
   
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
   
Total
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
328,000
   
$
(1,666,000
)
 
$
(1,338,000
)
 
$
301,000
   
$
(1,145,000
)
 
$
(844,000
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
17,000
     
(338,000
)
   
(321,000
)
   
16,000
     
(47,000
)
   
(31,000
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
   
(2,000
)
   
-
     
(2,000
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Balance at end of period
 
$
343,000
   
$
(2,004,000
)
 
$
(1,661,000
)
 
$
317,000
   
$
(1,192,000
)
 
$
(875,000
)

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:

   
Nine Months Ended December 31, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended December 31, 2013
 
   
Unrealized
Gain
on Short-Term
Investments
   
Foreign
Currency
Translation
   
Total
   
Unrealized
Gain
on Short-Term
Investments
   
Foreign
Currency
Translation
   
Total
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
321,000
   
$
(1,198,000
)
 
$
(877,000
)
 
$
287,000
   
$
(1,133,000
)
 
$
(846,000
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
24,000
     
(806,000
)
   
(782,000
)
   
30,000
     
(59,000
)
   
(29,000
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
   
(2,000
)
   
-
     
(2,000
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Balance at end of period
 
$
343,000
   
$
(2,004,000
)
 
$
(1,661,000
)
 
$
317,000
   
$
(1,192,000
)
 
$
(875,000
)

16. Equity Transactions

During fiscal 2014, the Company filed a universal shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-195585) which was declared effective on May 9, 2014, for the proposed offering from time to time of up to $100,000,000 of the Company’s securities, including common stock, preferred stock, and debt securities. The securities may be offered by the Company from time to time at amounts, prices, interest rates, and other terms to be determined at the time of the offering.

In September 2014, the Company completed a public offering of 2,760,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $26.00 per share, which included the exercise in full by the underwriters of their option to purchase up to 360,000 additional shares of common stock. The Company received aggregate gross proceeds of $71,760,000 and net proceeds of $66,973,000 after expenses.
 
17. Litigation

There have been and may be additional claims filed against the Company by the trustee and some or all of the creditors in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings involving the Fenco Entities.  For example, the trustee has notified the Company’s insurance companies that it may have claims for wrongful acts, breach of fiduciary duty, civil conspiracy, aiding and abetting, negligence and conversion, but has not filed any litigation at this time.  The Company is also a defendant in a case in Ontario Superior Court and in a case in the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware claiming that the Company is liable for amounts due by the Fenco Entities to their employees under U.S. and Canadian law, including the WARN Act and ERISA.  Any litigation to determine the validity of these claims, regardless of their merit or resolution, may be costly and time consuming and divert the efforts and attention of the Company’s management from its business strategy.  Any adverse judgment or settlement by the Company of these claims could also result in significant additional expense.
 
The Company is also subject to various other lawsuits and claims in the normal course of business. Management does not believe that the outcome of these matters will have a material adverse effect on its financial position or future results of operations.

18. Related Party Transactions

In November 2014, Mr. Mel Marks was appointed to serve as a director for all of the Company’s Asian subsidiaries, in addition to his position as a director of the Company. Mr. Marks will receive annual compensation of $150,000 for his services in addition to his regular compensation as a director of the Company.

19. New Accounting Pronouncements

Income Taxes

In July 2013, the FASB issued guidance that requires entities to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward when settlement in this manner is available under the tax law and the Company intends to use the deferred tax asset for that purpose. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2013. The adoption of this guidance did not have any impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Discontinued Operations

In April 2014, the FASB issued guidance on reporting discontinued operations. The new guidance changes the criteria for determining which disposals can be presented as discontinued operations and modifies related disclosure requirements. Under the new guidance, a discontinued operation is defined as a disposal of a component or group of components that is disposed of or is classified as held for sale and represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The guidance applies prospectively to new disposals and new classifications of disposal groups as held for sale after the effective date. The standard is required to be adopted by public business entities in annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company does not expect any impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows from the adoption of this guidance.

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 606, “Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which amends the guidance in the former ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition”. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within that reporting period for a public company. Early application is not permitted. A full or modified retrospective transition method is required. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this guidance to its consolidated financial statements.
 
Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance which requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). If conditions or events raise substantial doubt that is not alleviated, an entity should disclose that there is substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued), along with the principal conditions or events that raise substantial doubt, management’s evaluation of the significance of those conditions or events in relation to the entity’s ability to meet its obligations and management’s plans that are intended to mitigate those conditions. The new guidance is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company does not expect any impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows from the adoption of this guidance.

Extraordinary Items

In January 2015, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies income statement presentation by eliminating the concept of extraordinary items. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. A reporting entity may apply the amendments prospectively or retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted provided that the guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company does not expect any impact on its consolidated financial statements from the adoption of this guidance.
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis presents factors that Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“our,” “we” or “us”) believe are relevant to an assessment and understanding of our consolidated financial position and results of operations. This financial and business analysis should be read in conjunction with our March 31, 2014 audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on June 16, 2014, as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2014.

Disclosure Regarding Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

This report contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to our future performance that involve risks and uncertainties. Various factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in such statements. These factors include, but are not limited to: the bankruptcy of the Fenco Entities and related claims and contingent liabilities, concentration of sales to a small number of customers, changes in the financial condition of or our relationship with any of our major customers, the increasing customer pressure for lower prices and more favorable payment and other terms, lower revenues than anticipated from new and existing contracts, the increasing demands on our working capital, the significant strain on working capital associated with large inventory purchases from customers, any meaningful difference between expected production needs and ultimate sales to our customers, our ability to obtain any additional financing we may seek or require, our ability to achieve positive cash flows from operations, potential future changes in our previously reported results as a result of the identification and correction of errors in our accounting policies or procedures or the potential material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting, our failure to meet the financial covenants or the other obligations set forth in our credit agreement and the lenders’ refusal to waive any such defaults, increases in interest rates, the impact of high gasoline prices, consumer preferences and general economic conditions, increased competition in the automotive parts industry including increased competition from Chinese and other offshore manufacturers, difficulty in obtaining Used Cores and component parts or increases in the costs of those parts, political, criminal or economic instability in any of the foreign countries where we conduct operations, currency exchange fluctuations, unforeseen increases in operating costs, and other factors discussed herein and in our other filings with the SEC.

Management Overview

We are a leading manufacturer, remanufacturer, and distributor of aftermarket automotive parts for import and domestic cars, light trucks, heavy duty, agricultural and industrial applications. We sell our products predominantly in North America to the largest auto parts retail and traditional warehouse chains and to major automobile manufacturers for both their aftermarket programs and their OES programs. Our products include alternators and starters, wheel hub assemblies and bearings, and new brake master cylinders. We began selling new brake master cylinders to a major customer in late July 2014.

The aftermarket for automobile parts is divided into two markets. The first market is the DIY market, which is generally serviced by the large retail chain outlets. Consumers who purchase parts from the DIY channel generally install parts into their vehicles themselves. In most cases, this is a less expensive alternative than having the repair performed by a professional installer. The second market is the professional installer market, commonly known as the DIFM market. This market is serviced by the traditional warehouse distributors, the dealer networks, and the commercial divisions of retail chains. Generally, the consumer in this channel is a professional parts installer. Our products are distributed to both the DIY and DIFM markets.

The DIFM market is growing faster and is an attractive opportunity for growth. We are positioned to benefit from this market opportunity in three ways: (i) our auto parts retail customers are expanding their efforts to target the DIFM market, (ii) we sell our products under private label and our own brand names directly to suppliers that focus on professional installers, and (iii) we sell our products to original equipment manufacturers for distribution to the professional installer both for warranty replacement and their general aftermarket channels. We have been successful in growing sales to this market.
 
We have positioned ourselves to take advantage of multiple growth strategies including growing our product lines both with existing and potential new customers and by introducing new product lines.  We were awarded a significant amount of new business for our rotating electrical products which we began shipping in January 2015. In addition, we were awarded new business for wheel hub products from existing customers, which we expect to begin shipping in the next fiscal year.

In accordance with the authoritative accounting guidance for segment reporting, we have determined that our operating segments meet the criteria for aggregation and accordingly we have one reportable segment for purposes of recording and reporting our financial results.

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2014 and 2013

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein.

The following table summarizes certain key operating data from our continuing operations for the periods indicated:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Gross profit percentage
   
29.1
%
   
33.4
%
Cash flow (used in) provided by continuing operations
 
$
(9,667,000
)
 
$
12,205,000
 
Finished goods turnover (annualized) (1)
   
6.2
     
6.7
 
 

(1) Annualized finished goods turnover for the fiscal quarter is calculated by multiplying cost of sales for the quarter by 4 and dividing the result by the average between beginning and ending non-core finished goods inventory values for the fiscal quarter. We believe this provides a useful measure of our ability to turn our inventory into revenues.

Net Sales and Gross Profit

The following table summarizes net sales and gross profit from our continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net sales
 
$
83,992,000
   
$
65,568,000
 
Cost of goods sold
   
59,564,000
     
43,642,000
 
Gross profit
   
24,428,000
     
21,926,000
 
Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales
   
70.9
%
   
66.6
%
Gross profit percentage
   
29.1
%
   
33.4
%

Net Sales. Our net sales for the three months ended December 31, 2014 increased by $18,424,000, or 28.1%, to $83,992,000 compared to net sales for the three months ended December 31, 2013 of $65,568,000. The increase in net sales was due to (i) recognition of revenue related to the Remanufactured Cores of $16,331,000, which was previously deferred, partly offset by an accrued sales allowance of $3,706,000 for future buy-backs of Remanufactured Cores, (ii) growth in sales of our wheel hub products, and (iii) the introduction of new brake master cylinders, which we began selling in late July 2014.

Cost of Goods Sold/Gross Profit. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales increased during the three months ended December 31, 2014 to 70.9% from 66.6% for the three months ended December 31, 2013, resulting in a corresponding decrease in our gross profit to 29.1% for the three months ended December 31, 2014 from 33.4% for the three months ended December 31, 2013. Our gross profit for the three months ended December 31, 2014 was lower primarily due to changes in the mix of product lines sold, and the impact of ramp up costs and other related production costs for additional business starting in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015. In addition, during the three months ended December 31, 2014, we recorded a net expense of $537,000 in connection with the returns of products associated with the new business awarded to us.
 
Operating Expenses

The following table summarizes operating expenses from our continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
General and administrative
 
$
12,628,000
   
$
9,580,000
 
Sales and marketing
   
2,281,000
     
1,905,000
 
Research and development
   
601,000
     
452,000
 
                 
Percent of net sales
               
                 
General and administrative
   
15.0
%
   
14.6
%
Sales and marketing
   
2.7
%
   
2.9
%
Research and development
   
0.7
%
   
0.7
%

General and Administrative. Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2014 were $12,628,000, which represents an increase of $3,048,000, or 31.8%, from general and administrative expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2013 of $9,580,000. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to (i) a $1,859,000 increase in our legal fees associated with the discontinued subsidiary and $402,000 of increased legal fees for all other corporate-related activities, (ii) a $1,012,000 increase in expense due to the change in the fair value of the forward foreign exchange contracts, (iii) a $290,000 increase in share-based compensation expense, and (iv) $240,000 of increased bad debt expense. In addition, our prior year general and administrative expenses included $996,000 of expense due to the change in the fair value of the Cerberus warrant liability partly offset by a gain of $216,000 recorded on the extinguishment of the Cerberus warrant.

Sales and Marketing. Our sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2014 increased $376,000, or 19.7%, to $2,281,000 from $1,905,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2013. The increase was due primarily to (i) $149,000 of increased trade shows expense, (ii) $112,000 of increased commissions, and (iii) $82,000 of increased employee-related costs.

Research and Development. Our research and development expenses increased by $149,000, or 33.0%, to $601,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2014 from $452,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2013, due primarily to (i) $70,000 of increased employee-related costs and (ii) $42,000 of increased supplies expense.

Interest Expense

Interest Expense, net. Our interest expense, net from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2014 decreased $3,359,000, or 51.5%, to $3,165,000 from $6,524,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2013. The decrease in interest expense was due primarily to (i) the write-off of deferred financing costs in connection with the amendment to the financing agreements during the three months ended December 31, 2013, (ii) lower average outstanding debt balances, and (iii) lower interest rates on our long-term debt.

Provision for Income Taxes

Income Tax. Our income tax expense from continuing operations was $2,826,000, or an effective tax rate of 49.1%, and $2,317,000, or an effective tax rate of 66.9% during the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The income tax rates were higher than the federal statutory rate primarily due to state income taxes, which were partially offset by the benefit of lower statutory tax rates in foreign taxing jurisdiction. In addition, the income tax rate for three months ended December 31, 2014 includes the required adjustments to reflect the appropriate nine-month rate for fiscal 2015 and the impact of the non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m). The income tax rates for the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, were also impacted by non-deductible expenses in connection with the fair value adjustment on the warrants.
 
Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended December 31, 2014 and 2013

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein.

The following table summarizes certain key operating data from our continuing operations for the periods indicated:

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Gross profit percentage
   
27.9
%
   
31.7
%
Cash flow provided by continuing operations
 
$
2,926,000
   
$
19,725,000
 
Finished goods turnover (annualized) (1)
   
5.9
     
6.8
 
 

(1) Annualized finished goods turnover for each nine month period is calculated by multiplying cost of sales for each nine month period by 1.33 and dividing the result by the average between beginning and ending non-core finished goods inventory values for each nine month period. We believe this provides a useful measure of our ability to turn our inventory into revenues.

Net Sales and Gross Profit

The following table summarizes net sales and gross profit from our continuing operations for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net sales
 
$
217,807,000
   
$
181,987,000
 
Cost of goods sold
   
157,143,000
     
124,342,000
 
Gross profit
   
60,664,000
     
57,645,000
 
Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales
   
72.1
%
   
68.3
%
Gross profit percentage
   
27.9
%
   
31.7
%

Net Sales. Our net sales for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 increased by $35,820,000, or 19.7%, to $217,807,000 compared to net sales for the nine months ended December 31, 2013 of $181,987,000. The increase in net sales was due primarily to (i) the full period impact of the introduction of our wheel hub products, which we launched in late June 2013, (ii) recognition of revenue related to the Remanufactured Cores of $16,331,000, which was previously deferred, partly offset by an accrued sales allowance of $3,706,000 for future buy-backs of Remanufactured Cores, (iii) growth in the unit sales of our rotating electrical products, and (iv) launch of new master cylinder products which we began selling in late July 2014. In addition, net sales for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 were negatively impacted by returns and allowances associated with the new brake master cylinder products and the new business awarded to us in our existing product lines.

Cost of Goods Sold/Gross Profit. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales increased during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 to 72.1% from 68.3% for the nine months ended December 31, 2013, resulting in a corresponding decrease in our gross profit to 27.9% for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 from 31.7% for the nine months ended December 31, 2013. Our gross profit for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 was lower primarily due to changes in the mix of product lines sold. In addition, our gross profit for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 was impacted by (i) $6,641,000 recorded in connection with the returns of certain wheel hub and new brake master cylinder products, (ii) $2,879,000 of allowances recorded in connection with certain core inventory purchases, (iii) $560,000 of initial warranty accrual set up for the new brake master cylinders, (iv) $537,000 net expense recorded in connection with the returns of products associated with the new business awarded to us, (v) special upfront allowances incurred of $442,000, and (vi) $189,000 of start-up costs incurred related to new brake master cylinder products.
 
Operating Expenses

The following table summarizes operating expenses from our continuing operations for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
General and administrative
 
$
27,832,000
   
$
27,918,000
 
Sales and marketing
   
5,944,000
     
5,779,000
 
Research and development
   
1,662,000
     
1,399,000
 
                 
Percent of net sales
               
                 
General and administrative
   
12.8
%
   
15.3
%
Sales and marketing
   
2.7
%
   
3.2
%
Research and development
   
0.8
%
   
0.8
%

General and Administrative. Our general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 were $27,832,000, which represents a decrease of $86,000, or 0.3%, from general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended December 31, 2013 of $27,918,000. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to (i) a $2,647,000 decrease in expense related to the change in the fair value of the outstanding warrant liability and (ii) our prior year general and administrative expenses included $2,035,000 of expense due to the change in the fair value of the Cerberus warrant liability partly offset by a gain of $216,000 recorded on the extinguishment of the Cerberus warrant. These decreases were partly offset by (i) $2,574,000 of increased legal fees related to the discontinued subsidiary, which was partially offset by decreased legal fees of $512,000 for all other corporate-related activities, (ii) $1,148,000 of increased share-based compensation, (iii) $698,000 of increased incentive compensation, (iv) $432,000 of increased employee-related costs, (v) $307,000 of increased expense related to the change in the fair value of the forward foreign exchange contracts, and (vi) $237,000 of increased travel. In addition, our prior year general and administrative expenses included $645,000 of professional fees related to the discontinued subsidiary.

Sales and Marketing. Our sales and marketing expenses for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 increased $165,000, or 2.9%, to $5,944,000 from $5,779,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2013. The increase in sales and marketing expenses was due to increased employee-related costs.

Research and Development. Our research and development expenses increased by $263,000, or 18.8%, to $1,662,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 from $1,399,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2013, due primarily to $131,000 of increased employee-related costs and $131,000 of increased supplies expense.

Interest Expense

Interest Expense, net. Our interest expense, net from continuing operations for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 decreased $5,195,000, or 34.4%, to $9,917,000 from $15,112,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2013. The decrease in interest expense was due primarily to lower interest rates on long-term debt. In addition, our prior year interest expense included the write-off of deferred financing costs in connection with the amendment to the financing agreements and interest on certain vendor payables.  These decreases were partly offset by increased interest payments on receivables discount programs due to a larger balance of receivables discounted under the program during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 as compared to December 31, 2013.
 
Provision for Income Taxes

Income Tax. Our income tax expense from continuing operations was $6,958,000, or an effective tax rate of 45.5%, and $4,022,000, or an effective tax rate of 54.1% during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The income tax rates were higher than the federal statutory rate primarily due to state income taxes, which were partially offset by the benefit of lower statutory tax rates in foreign taxing jurisdictions. In addition, our income tax rate for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 was impacted by the payments made under voluntary disclosure agreements with certain states and the impact of the non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m). The income tax rates for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 were also impacted by the non-deductible expenses in connection with the fair value adjustment on the warrants.
 
Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations

Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations. Our income from discontinued operations was $100,877,000 during the nine months ended December 31, 2013 and consisted of (i) a $118,095,000 gain on the deconsolidation of the discontinued subsidiary, including an income tax benefit of $1,374,000, (ii) a loss of approximately $20,464,000 in connection with the guarantee of obligations to certain suppliers of the discontinued subsidiary partly offset by income tax benefits of $9,156,000, and (iii) net sales of approximately $14,140,000 and the resulting loss of approximately $5,910,000 incurred by the discontinued subsidiary from April 1, 2013 to May 31, 2013.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

At December 31, 2014, we had working capital of $68,292,000, a ratio of current assets to current liabilities of 1.7:1, and cash of $76,718,000, compared to working capital of $22,077,000, a ratio of current assets to current liabilities of 1.2:1, and cash of $24,599,000 at March 31, 2014.

During fiscal 2014, we filed a universal shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-195585) which was declared effective on May 9, 2014, for the proposed offering from time to time of up to $100,000,000 of our securities, including common stock, preferred stock, and debt securities. The securities may be offered by us from time to time at amounts, prices, interest rates, and other terms to be determined at the time of the offering.

In September 2014, we completed a public offering of 2,760,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $26.00 per share, which included the exercise in full by the underwriters of their option to purchase up to 360,000 additional shares of common stock. We received aggregate gross proceeds of $71,760,000 and net proceeds of $66,973,000 after expenses. We intend to use the net proceeds for working capital and other general corporate purposes.

During the nine months ended December 31, 2014, we generated cash from operations, the use of receivable discount programs with certain of our major customers, and the public offering of our common stock in September 2014. The cash generated from these activities was used partly to build up our inventory in preparation for additional business starting in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, repay all amounts outstanding under our revolving loan, and make the quarterly principal term loan payments.

We believe our cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, use of receivable discount programs, amounts available under our financing agreement, and other sources are sufficient to satisfy our expected future working capital needs, repayment of the current portion of our term loans, capital lease commitments, and capital expenditure obligations over the next twelve months.
 
Cash Flows

Cash flows from our continuing operations as reflected in the consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 are summarized as follows:

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Cash provided by (used in):
       
Operating activities from our continuing operations
 
$
2,926,000
   
$
19,725,000
 
Investing activities from our continuing operations
   
(2,628,000
)
   
(2,189,000
)
Financing activities from our continuing operations
   
51,896,000
     
16,348,000
 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
(75,000
)
   
(36,000
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents from our continuing operations
 
$
52,119,000
   
$
33,848,000
 
 
Additional selected cash flow data:
               
Depreciation and amortization
 
$
1,865,000
   
$
2,091,000
 
Capital expenditures
   
2,551,000
     
2,154,000
 

Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations was $2,926,000 and $19,725,000 during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The significant changes in our operating activities from continuing operations for the nine months ended December 31, 2014, were due primarily to higher collections of accounts receivable which were partly used to build up our inventory in preparation for additional business starting in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015.  In addition, our prior year operating activities include the receipt of an income tax refund of $16,472,000.

Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations was $2,628,000 and $2,189,000 during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and primarily related to the purchase of equipment for our office, manufacturing and warehousing facilities.

Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations was $51,896,000 and $16,348,000 during the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. This increase was due mainly to the net proceeds of $66,973,000 received from the public offering of our common stock in September 2014 partly offset by the repayment of all amounts outstanding under our revolving loan and quarterly principal term loan payments compared to additional borrowing during the nine months ended December 31, 2013.

Capital Resources

Debt

We are party to the following credit agreements.

Financing Agreement

We are party to a financing agreement, as amended, (the “Financing Agreement”), with a syndicate of lenders, Cerberus Business Finance, LLC (“Cerberus”), as collateral agent, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent. The loans made thereunder (the “Loans”) consist of: (i) term loans aggregating $95,000,000 (the “Term Loans”) and (ii) revolving loans of up to $30,000,000, subject to borrowing base restrictions and a $10,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit (the “Revolving Loans”). The Loans mature on November 6, 2018. In connection with the Financing Agreement, the lenders were granted a security interest in substantially all of our assets. In addition, we have the right, subject to meeting certain conditions, to repurchase up to $10,000,000 of our equity interests.
 
In June 2014, we entered into a first amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “First Amendment”), pursuant to which (i) the Revolving Loans were increased by $10,000,000 to $40,000,000 (the “Amended Revolving Loans”), (ii) the maximum amount of capital expenditures was increased to $7,000,000 for fiscal 2015, and $4,000,000 for each of fiscal 2016 and 2017, and (iii) certain other amendments and modifications were made.

In September 2014, we entered into a second amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Second Amendment”), pursuant to which we were permitted to lease an additional third party warehouse location in Mexico and office space in Canada.

In December 2014, we entered into a third amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Third Amendment”), pursuant to which (i) the definition of consolidated earnings before interest, income tax, depreciation and amortization expenses (“EBITDA”) was amended and (ii) certain schedules to the Financing Agreement were updated.

The Term Loans require quarterly principal payments of $2,100,000 and bear interest at rates equal to, at our option, either LIBOR (subject to a 1.50% LIBOR floor) plus 5.25% or a reference rate plus 4.25%. The Amended Revolving Loans bear interest at rates equal to, at our option, either LIBOR plus 2.50% or a reference rate plus 1.00%. The interest rate on our Term Loans using the LIBOR option was 6.75% at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively. The interest rate on our Revolving Loans using the LIBOR option was 2.66% at March 31, 2014, respectively.

We may reduce or terminate the commitments of the lenders to make the Amended Revolving Loans or prepay the Term Loans in whole or in part Such prepayments were subject to a prepayment penalty of 2.00% times the sum of the reduction of the revolving credit commitment plus the principal amount of any prepayment of the Term Loans through January 18, 2015 and may be made with no prepayment penalty thereafter.

The Financing Agreement, among other things, requires us to maintain certain financial covenants including a maximum senior leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and minimum consolidated earnings before EBITDA. We were in compliance with all financial covenants under the Financing Agreement as of December 31, 2014.

The following table summarizes the financial covenants required under the Financing Agreement as of December 31, 2014:

   
Calculation as of
December 31, 2014
   
Financial covenants
required per the
Financing Agreement
 
Maximum senior leverage ratio
   
1.32
     
3.05
 
Minimum fixed charge coverage ratio
   
1.96
     
1.05
 
Minimum consolidated EBITDA
 
$
65,599,000
   
$
32,000,000
 

We had no outstanding balance on the Amended Revolving Loans; however, $430,000 was reserved for standby letters of credit for workers’ compensation insurance and $694,000 for commercial letters of credit as of December 31, 2014. We had borrowed $10,000,000 under the Revolving Loans at March 31, 2014. As of December 31, 2014, $38,876,000, subject to certain adjustments, was available under the Amended Revolving Loans.

WX Agreement

In August 2012, we entered into the WX Agreement with the Supplier and the discontinued subsidiary. In connection with the WX Agreement, we issued the Supplier Warrant to the Supplier to purchase up to 516,129 shares of our common stock for an initial exercise price of $7.75 per share exercisable at any time after August 22, 2014 and on or prior to September 30, 2017. The exercise price is subject to adjustments, among other things, for sales of common stock by us at a price below the exercise price.
 
The fair value of the Supplier Warrant using the Monte Carlo simulation model was $12,246,000 and $10,047,000 at December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2014, respectively. This amount is recorded as a warrant liability which is included in other liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. During the three months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, a loss of $1,924,000 for each period was recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of this warrant liability. During the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, losses of $2,199,000 and $4,846,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of this warrant liability.

Receivable Discount Programs

We use receivable discount programs with certain customers and their respective banks. Under these programs, we have options to sell those customers’ receivables to those banks at a discount to be agreed upon at the time the receivables are sold. These discount arrangements allows us to accelerate collection of customers’ receivables. While these arrangements have reduced our working capital needs, there can be no assurance that these programs will continue in the future. Interest expense resulting from these programs would increase if interest rates rise, if utilization of these discounting arrangements expands or if the discount period is extended to reflect more favorable payment terms to customers.

The following is a summary of the receivable discount programs from continuing operations:

   
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Receivables discounted
 
$
198,073,000
   
$
155,739,000
 
Weighted average days
   
337
     
336
 
Annualized weighted average discount rate
   
2.0
%
   
2.3
%
Amount of discount as interest expense
 
$
3,691,000
   
$
3,280,000
 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At December 31, 2014, we had no off-balance sheet financing or other arrangements with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships (such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities) established for purposes of facilitating off-balance sheet financing or other debt arrangements or for other contractually narrow or limited purposes.

Capital Expenditures and Commitments

Capital Expenditures

Our capital expenditures were $2,551,000 and $2,154,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Our capital expenditures were primarily related to the purchase of equipment for our office, manufacturing and warehousing facilities. We expect our fiscal year 2015 capital expenditures to be in the range of $3,000,000 to $7,000,000 depending on the timing of initiatives primarily related to our purchases of equipment, information technology, and leasehold improvements to our current facilities. We expect to use our working capital and incur additional capital lease obligations to finance these capital expenditures.

Related Party Transactions

There have been no material changes to our related party transactions, except as discussed below, that are presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2014, which was filed on June 16, 2014, and as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2014.

In November 2014, Mr. Mel Marks was appointed to serve as a director for all of our Asian subsidiaries, in addition to his position as one of our directors. Mr. Marks will receive annual compensation of $150,000 for his services in addition to his regular compensation as one of our directors.
 
Litigation

There have been and may be additional claims filed against us by the trustee and some or all of the creditors in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings involving the Fenco Entities.  For example, the trustee has notified our insurance companies that it may have claims for wrongful acts, breach of fiduciary duty, civil conspiracy, aiding and abetting, negligence and conversion, but has not filed any litigation at this time.  We are also a defendant in a case in Ontario Superior Court and in a case in the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware claiming that we are liable for amounts due by the Fenco Entities to their employees under U.S. and Canadian law, including the WARN Act and ERISA.  Any litigation to determine the validity of these claims, regardless of their merit or resolution, may be costly and time consuming and divert the efforts and attention of our management from our business strategy.  Any adverse judgment or settlement by us of these claims could also result in significant additional expense.
 
We are also subject to various other lawsuits and claims in the normal course of business. We do not believe that the outcome of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our financial position or future results of operations.

Critical Accounting Policies

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates that are presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2014, which was filed on June 16, 2014, except as discussed below.

New Accounting Pronouncements

Income Taxes

In July 2013, the FASB issued guidance that requires entities to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward when settlement in this manner is available under the tax law and the Company intends to use the deferred tax asset for that purpose. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2013. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Discontinued Operations

In April 2014, the FASB issued guidance on reporting discontinued operations. The new guidance changes the criteria for determining which disposals can be presented as discontinued operations and modifies related disclosure requirements. Under the new guidance, a discontinued operation is defined as a disposal of a component or group of components that is disposed of or is classified as held for sale and represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The guidance applies prospectively to new disposals and new classifications of disposal groups as held for sale after the effective date. The standard is required to be adopted by public business entities in annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014, and interim periods within those annual periods. We do not expect any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows from the adoption of this guidance.

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 606, “Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which amends the guidance in the former ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition”. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within that reporting period for a public company. Early application is not permitted. A full or modified retrospective transition method is required. We are currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this guidance to our consolidated financial statements.
 
Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance which requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). If conditions or events raise substantial doubt that is not alleviated, an entity should disclose that there is substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued), along with the principal conditions or events that raise substantial doubt, management’s evaluation of the significance of those conditions or events in relation to the entity’s ability to meet its obligations and management’s plans that are intended to mitigate those conditions. The new guidance is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. We do not expect any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows from the adoption of this guidance.

Extraordinary Items

In January 2015, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies income statement presentation by eliminating the concept of extraordinary items. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. A reporting entity may apply the amendments prospectively or retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted provided that the guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have any impact on our consolidated financial statements.
 

Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

There have been no material changes in market risk from the information provided in Item 7A. “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K as of March 31, 2014, which was filed on June 16, 2014.

Item 4.
Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We have established disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer, we have conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer concluded that MPA’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2014.

Inherent Limitations Over Internal Controls

The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f).

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, applying certain estimates
and judgments as required.

Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:
1. Pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company;
2. Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and
3. Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in MPA’s internal control over financial reporting during the third quarter ended December 31, 2014 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, MPA’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1A.
 Risk Factors

There have been no material changes in the risk factors set forth in Item 1A to Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014, filed on June 16, 2014 and as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2014.

Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Limitation on Payment of Dividends—The Financing Agreement prohibits the declaration or payment of any dividends by us other than dividends payable in our capital stock.

Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 5.
Other Information

None.
 
Item 6.
Exhibits

(a) Exhibits:
 
Number
 
Description of Exhibit
 
Method of Filing
3.1
 
Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 declared effective on March 22, 1994 (the “1994 Registration Statement”).
 
3.2
 
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 33-97498) declared effective on November 14, 1995.
 
3.3
 
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1997.
         
3.4
 
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998 (the “1998 Form 10-K”).
 
3.5
 
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit C to the Company’s proxy statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on November 25, 2003.
 
3.6
 
Amended and Restated By-Laws of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 24, 2010.
 
3.7
 
Certificate of Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 9, 2014.
 
4.1
 
2003 Long Term Incentive Plan
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on April 2, 1004.
 
4.2
 
2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan
 
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the 2004 Annual Shareholders Meeting.
 
4.3
 
Registration Rights Agreement among the Company and the investors identified on the signature pages thereto, dated as of May 18, 2007
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2007.
 
4.4
 
2010 Incentive Award Plan
 
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on December 15, 2010.
 
4.5
 
Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan
 
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on March 5, 2013.
 
4.6
 
Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan
 
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on March 3, 2014.
 
Number
 
Description of Exhibit
 
Method of Filing
4.7
 
2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan
 
Incorporated by reference to Appendix B to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on March 3, 2014.
 
10.1
 
Third Amendment to Amended and Restated Financing Agreement, dated as of December 11, 2014, among Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., each lender from time to time party thereto, Cerberus Business Finance, LLC, as collateral agent, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent
 
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 12, 2014.
 
 
Consulting Arrangement, dated as of November 19, 2014, among Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., and Mr. Mel Marks
 
Filed herewith.
 
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
 
Filed herewith.
 
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
 
Filed herewith.
 
 
Certification of Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
 
Filed herewith.
 
 
Certifications of Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
 
Filed herewith.
 
101.1
 
The following financial information from Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2014, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (“XBRL”) and filed electronically herewith: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (v) the Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
Filed herewith.
 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC
 
       
Dated: February 9, 2015
By:
/s/ David Lee
 
   
David Lee
 
   
Chief Financial Officer
 
       
Dated: February 9, 2015
By:
/s/ Kevin Daly
 
   
Kevin Daly
 
   
Chief Accounting Officer
 
 
 
39


Exhibit 10.2

November 19, 2014

Mel Marks
##### ######## ###
#### #####, ## #####
 
RE: Marks Consulting Arrangement

Dear Mr. Marks:

We have had discussions concerning the terms of your expanded roles on behalf of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “MPA”).  In addition to your position as a Director of MPA, we expect you will serve as a director of all of MPA’s Asian subsidiaries. As such, you will report to Selwyn Joffe, our Chairman, President and CEO or his delegate.

As compensation for all of your work with regard to our Asian subsidiaries and any other work you may do under this arrangement, you will receive $150,000/annum payable no less frequently than quarterly in arrears on a Form 1099 basis. You also will continue to receive your regular compensation as a director of MPA as paid to all other directors of MPA.

This arrangement is “at will” and the arrangement may be cancelled by written notice at any time by you or us.

If the above is consistent with your understanding of the arrangements between us, please sign this letter where indicated and return it to Jessenia Bailey via fax (310) 224-5128.
 
 
Yours sincerely,
       
 
By:
 /S/ Selwyn Joffe
 
   
Selwyn Joffe
 
   
Chairman, President & CEO
 

AGREED TO AND ACCEPTED:
 
   
/S/ Mel Marks
 
Mel Marks
 
   
 
 
November 20, 2014
 
 
 


Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Selwyn Joffe, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused, such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: February 9, 2015
/s/ Selwyn Joffe
 
Selwyn Joffe
 
Chief Executive Officer
 


Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATIONS

I, David Lee, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused, such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based upon such evaluation; and

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: February 9, 2015
/s/ David Lee
 
David Lee
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
 


Exhibit 31.3

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Kevin Daly, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused, such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based upon such evaluation; and

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: February 9, 2015
/s/ Kevin Daly
 
Kevin Daly
 
Chief Accounting Officer
 


Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATE OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER AND CHIEF
ACCOUNTING OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2014 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Quarterly Report”), I, Selwyn Joffe, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

1. The Quarterly Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 
/s/ Selwyn Joffe
 
Selwyn Joffe
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
February 9, 2015

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2014 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Quarterly Report”), I, David Lee, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

1. The Quarterly Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 
/s/ David Lee
 
David Lee
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
February 9, 2015

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2014 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Quarterly Report”), I, Kevin Daly, Chief Accounting Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

1. The Quarterly Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 
/s/ Kevin Daly
 
Kevin Daly
 
Chief Accounting Officer
 
February 9, 2015

The foregoing certifications are being furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission as part of the accompanying report on Form 10-Q. A signed original of each of these statements has been provided to Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and will be retained by Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.