UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2015

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM       TO

Commission File No. 001-33861

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
New York
11-2153962
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
2929 California Street, Torrance, California
90503
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (310) 212-7910

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer ☑
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No
 
There were 18,176,168 shares of Common Stock outstanding at August 3, 2015.
 


MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
Page
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
4
4
5
6
7
8
22
29
29
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
31
31
31
31
32
34
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC.

GLOSSARY

The following terms are frequently used in the text of this report and have the meanings indicated below.

“Used Core” — An automobile part which has been used in the operation of a vehicle. Generally, the Used Core is an original equipment (“OE”) automobile part installed by the vehicle manufacturer and subsequently removed for replacement. Used Cores contain salvageable parts which are an important raw material in the remanufacturing process. We obtain most Used Cores by providing credits to our customers for Used Cores returned to us under our core exchange program. Our customers receive these Used Cores from consumers who deliver a Used Core to obtain credit from our customers upon the purchase of a newly remanufactured automobile part. When sufficient Used Cores cannot be obtained from our customers, we will purchase Used Cores from core brokers, who are in the business of buying and selling Used Cores. The Used Cores purchased from core brokers or returned to us by our customers under the core exchange program, and which have been physically received by us, are part of our raw material or work in process inventory included in long-term core inventory.

“Remanufactured Core” — The Used Core underlying an automobile part that has gone through the remanufacturing process and through that process has become part of a newly remanufactured automobile part. The remanufacturing process takes a Used Core, breaks it down into its component parts, replaces those components that cannot be reused and reassembles the salvageable components of the Used Core and additional new components into a remanufactured automobile part. Remanufactured Cores are included in our on-hand finished goods inventory and in the remanufactured finished good product held for sale at customer locations. Used Cores returned by consumers to our customers but not yet returned to us continue to be classified as Remanufactured Cores until we physically receive these Used Cores. All Remanufactured Cores are included in our long-term core inventory or in our long-term core inventory deposit.
 
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements

MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
   
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
ASSETS
 
(Unaudited)
   
 
Current assets:
 
   
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
17,349,000
   
$
61,230,000
 
Short-term investments
   
878,000
     
699,000
 
Accounts receivable — net
   
10,629,000
     
24,799,000
 
Inventory— net
   
58,185,000
     
56,829,000
 
Inventory unreturned
   
8,442,000
     
7,833,000
 
Deferred income taxes
   
23,122,000
     
22,998,000
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
8,037,000
     
7,407,000
 
Total current assets
   
126,642,000
     
181,795,000
 
Plant and equipment — net
   
14,165,000
     
12,535,000
 
Long-term core inventory — net
   
202,002,000
     
188,950,000
 
Long-term core inventory deposits
   
32,567,000
     
31,571,000
 
Long-term deferred income taxes
   
240,000
     
261,000
 
Goodwill
   
1,847,000
     
-
 
Intangible assets — net
   
5,725,000
     
2,574,000
 
Other assets
   
3,306,000
     
3,195,000
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
386,494,000
   
$
420,881,000
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS'  EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
67,313,000
   
$
61,893,000
 
Accrued liabilities
   
7,435,000
     
10,096,000
 
Customer finished goods returns accrual
   
19,526,000
     
19,678,000
 
Accrued core payment
   
10,233,000
     
13,190,000
 
Revolving loan
   
15,000,000
     
-
 
Other current liabilities
   
2,789,000
     
2,471,000
 
Current portion of term loan
   
2,302,000
     
7,733,000
 
Total current liabilities
   
124,598,000
     
115,061,000
 
Term loan, less current portion
   
22,263,000
     
71,489,000
 
Long-term accrued core payment
   
21,956,000
     
23,880,000
 
Other liabilities
   
21,832,000
     
20,248,000
 
Total liabilities
   
190,649,000
     
230,678,000
 
Commitments and contingencies
               
Shareholders' equity:
               
Preferred stock; par value $.01 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued
   
-
     
-
 
Series A junior participating preferred stock; par value $.01 per share, 20,000 shares authorized; none issued
   
-
     
-
 
Common stock; par value $.01 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized; 18,169,866 and 17,974,598 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively
   
182,000
     
180,000
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
195,364,000
     
191,279,000
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(2,873,000
)
   
(2,518,000
)
Retained earnings
   
3,172,000
     
1,262,000
 
Total shareholders' equity
   
195,845,000
     
190,203,000
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
386,494,000
   
$
420,881,000
 
 
The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
         
Net sales
 
$
85,835,000
   
$
62,975,000
 
Cost of goods sold
   
59,844,000
     
45,159,000
 
Gross profit
   
25,991,000
     
17,816,000
 
Operating expenses:
               
General and administrative
   
11,360,000
     
5,392,000
 
Sales and marketing
   
2,280,000
     
1,826,000
 
Research and development
   
736,000
     
522,000
 
Total operating expenses
   
14,376,000
     
7,740,000
 
Operating income
   
11,615,000
     
10,076,000
 
Interest expense, net
   
8,437,000
     
3,413,000
 
Income before income tax expense
   
3,178,000
     
6,663,000
 
Income tax expense
   
1,268,000
     
2,714,000
 
                 
Net income
 
$
1,910,000
   
$
3,949,000
 
                 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.11
   
$
0.26
 
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.10
   
$
0.25
 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:
               
Basic
   
18,002,877
     
15,082,818
 
Diluted
   
18,888,013
     
15,921,367
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
         
Net income
 
$
1,910,000
   
$
3,949,000
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
               
Unrealized (loss) gain on short-term investments (net of tax of $(4,000) and $7,000)
   
(6,000
)
   
10,000
 
Foreign currency translation (loss) income
   
(349,000
)
   
45,000
 
Total other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
   
(355,000
)
   
55,000
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
1,555,000
   
$
4,004,000
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
2015
   
2014
 
Net income
 
$
1,910,000
   
$
3,949,000
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation
   
517,000
     
453,000
 
Amortization of intangible assets
   
174,000
     
180,000
 
Amortization of debt issuance costs
   
334,000
     
419,000
 
Write-off of debt issuance costs
   
5,108,000
     
-
 
Amortization of interest on accrued core payments
   
190,000
     
-
 
Loss (gain) due to change in fair value of warrant liability
   
1,142,000
     
(1,114,000
)
Provision for inventory reserves
   
891,000
     
735,000
 
Net recovery of customer payment discrepancies
   
(141,000
)
   
(25,000
)
Net recovery of doubtful accounts
   
(85,000
)
   
(13,000
)
Deferred income taxes
   
(1,866,000
)
   
(114,000
)
Share-based compensation expense
   
516,000
     
498,000
 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
6,897,000
     
14,367,000
 
Inventory
   
3,310,000
     
(235,000
)
Inventory unreturned
   
(609,000
)
   
206,000
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
960,000
     
738,000
 
Other assets
   
(113,000
)
   
(118,000
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
   
1,387,000
     
(10,804,000
)
Customer finished goods returns accrual
   
(152,000
)
   
(863,000
)
Deferred core revenue
   
-
     
50,000
 
Long-term core inventory
   
(11,062,000
)
   
(6,668,000
)
Long-term core inventory deposits
   
(996,000
)
   
(263,000
)
Accrued core payments
   
(5,071,000
)
   
-
 
Other liabilities
   
93,000
     
1,259,000
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
3,334,000
     
2,637,000
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of plant and equipment
   
(619,000
)
   
(610,000
)
Purchase of business
   
(3,200,000
)
   
-
 
Change in short term investments
   
(188,000
)
   
(11,000
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(4,007,000
)
   
(621,000
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Borrowings under revolving loan
   
15,000,000
     
-
 
Borrowings under term loan
   
25,000,000
     
-
 
Repayments of term loan
   
(84,500,000
)
   
(2,100,000
)
Payments for debt issuance costs
   
(2,212,000
)
   
-
 
Payments on capital lease obligations
   
(67,000
)
   
(13,000
)
Exercise of stock options
   
1,786,000
     
180,000
 
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
   
1,786,000
     
-
 
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(43,207,000
)
   
(1,933,000
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
(1,000
)
   
10,000
 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
(43,881,000
)
   
93,000
 
Cash and cash equivalents — Beginning of period
   
61,230,000
     
24,599,000
 
Cash and cash equivalents  — End of period
 
$
17,349,000
   
$
24,692,000
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
               
Cash paid during the period for:
               
Interest, net
 
$
3,172,000
   
$
3,030,000
 
Income taxes, net of refunds
   
86,000
     
200,000
 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
Property acquired under capital lease
 
$
1,569,000
   
$
-
 
Contingent consideration
   
1,320,000
     
-
 

The accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part hereof.
 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015
(Unaudited)

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2016. This report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on June 15, 2015, as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2015.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a consistent basis with, and there have been no material changes to, except as noted below, the accounting policies described in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements that are presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

Debt Issuance Costs

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued guidance that requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The amendments in this update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim period within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the amendments in this update is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The Company adopted this guidance effective June 30, 2015 which resulted in the reclassification of debt issuance cost of $879,000 from other assets and is now presented as a direct deduction of $110,000 to the current portion of the term loan and $769,000 to the noncurrent portion of the term loan in the previously reported consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2015. The adoption of this guidance did not have any other impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Discontinued Operations

In April 2014, the FASB issued guidance on reporting discontinued operations. The new guidance changes the criteria for determining which disposals can be presented as discontinued operations and modifies related disclosure requirements. Under the new guidance, a discontinued operation is defined as a disposal of a component or group of components that is disposed of or is classified as held for sale and represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The guidance applies prospectively to new disposals and new classifications of disposal groups as held for sale after the effective date. The standard is required to be adopted by public business entities in annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014, and interim periods within those annual periods. The adoption of this guidance did not have any impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

1. Company Background and Organization

Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”, or “MPA”) is a leading manufacturer, remanufacturer, and distributor of aftermarket automotive parts. These replacement parts are sold for use on vehicles after initial vehicle purchase. These automotive parts are sold to automotive retail chain stores and warehouse distributors throughout North America and to major automobile manufacturers for both their aftermarket programs and warranty replacement programs (“OES”). The Company’s products include rotating electrical products such as alternators and starters, wheel hub assemblies and bearings, and new brake master cylinders.
 
The Company obtains used automotive parts, commonly known as Used Cores, primarily from its customers under the Company’s core exchange program. It also purchases Used Cores from vendors (core brokers). The customers grant credit to the consumer when the used part is returned to them, and the Company in turn provides a credit to the customers upon return to the Company. These Used Cores are an essential material needed for the remanufacturing operations.

The Company has remanufacturing, warehousing and shipping/receiving operations for automotive parts in North America and Asia. In addition, the Company utilizes various third party warehouse distribution centers in North America.

Pursuant to the guidance provided under the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), for segment reporting the Company has determined that its operating segments meet the criteria for aggregation and accordingly the Company has one reportable segment for purposes of recording and reporting its financial results.

2. Acquisition

On May 20, 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets and liabilities of OE Plus, Ltd. (“OE Plus”), a privately held remanufacturer of alternators and starters based in North Dighton, Massachusetts. The acquisition was consummated pursuant to an asset purchase agreement dated May 15, 2015 for an initial cash purchase price of $3,200,000, including $1,000,000 which is being held in escrow to be paid to the former owners of OE Plus, subject to certain working capital adjustments. In addition, the Company is contingently obligated to make additional payments to the former owners of OE Plus up to $2,000,000 over the next four years. The preliminary estimated fair value of the contingent consideration obligation as of the acquisition date was $1,320,000 and was determined using an option based pricing model.

On a preliminary basis, the Company allocated the purchase consideration to acquire OE Plus to finite-lived intangible assets of $635,000 for trademarks with an estimated useful life of 10 years and $2,690,000 for customer relationships with an estimated useful life of 8 years, $1,847,000 to goodwill, and other net liabilities of $652,000.  Assets and results of operations of OE Plus were not significant to the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations, and thus pro forma information is not presented.

Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired in business combinations. Goodwill is not amortized, but rather is tested for impairment at least annually or more frequently if there are indicators of impairment present. The Company performs the annual goodwill impairment analysis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year.
 
3. Intangible Assets

The following is a summary of the intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
     
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
Weighted
Average
Amortization
Period
 
Gross Carrying
Value
   
Accumulated
Amortization
   
Gross Carrying
Value
   
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Intangible assets subject to amortization
                 
Trademarks
11 years
 
$
820,000
   
$
79,000
   
$
397,000
   
$
278,000
 
Customer relationships
11 years
   
7,460,000
     
2,476,000
     
6,211,000
     
3,756,000
 
Total
   
$
8,280,000
   
$
2,555,000
   
$
6,608,000
   
$
4,034,000
 

Amortization expense for acquired intangible assets is as follows:
 
   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
         
Amortization expense
 
$
174,000
   
$
180,000
 
 
The estimated future amortization expense for intangible assets subject to amortization is as follows:
 
Year Ending March 31,
   
2016 - remaining nine months
 
$
522,000
 
2017
   
665,000
 
2018
   
665,000
 
2019
   
665,000
 
2020
   
665,000
 
Thereafter
   
2,543,000
 
Total $ 5,725,000

4. Accounts Receivable — Net

Included in accounts receivable — net are significant offset accounts related to customer allowances earned, customer payment discrepancies, returned goods authorizations (“RGA”) issued for in-transit unit returns, estimated future credits to be provided for Used Cores returned by the customers and potential bad debts. Due to the forward looking nature and the different aging periods of certain estimated offset accounts, the offset accounts may not, at any point in time, directly relate to the balances in the accounts receivable-trade account.
 
Accounts receivable — net is comprised of the following:

   
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
Accounts receivable — trade
 
$
54,526,000
   
$
62,171,000
 
Allowance for bad debts
   
(534,000
)
   
(629,000
)
Customer allowances earned
   
(7,577,000
)
   
(7,221,000
)
Customer payment discrepancies
   
(818,000
)
   
(852,000
)
Customer returns RGA issued
   
(7,349,000
)
   
(7,029,000
)
Customer core returns accruals
   
(27,619,000
)
   
(21,641,000
)
Less: total accounts receivable offset accounts
   
(43,897,000
)
   
(37,372,000
)
Total accounts receivable — net
 
$
10,629,000
   
$
24,799,000
 

Warranty Returns

The Company allows its customers to return goods to the Company that their end-user customers have returned to them, whether the returned item is or is not defective (warranty returns). The Company accrues an estimate of its exposure to warranty returns based on a historical analysis of the level of this type of return as a percentage of total unit sales. Amounts charged to expense for these warranty returns are considered in arriving at the Company’s net sales. At June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, the Company’s total warranty return accrual was $9,785,000 and $10,904,000, respectively, of which of $3,040,000 and $3,746,000, respectively, was included in the customer returns RGA issued balance in the above table for expected credits to be issued against accounts receivable and $6,745,000 and $7,158,000, respectively, was included in the customer finished goods returns accrual in the consolidated balance sheets for estimated future warranty returns.

Change in the Company’s warranty return accrual is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
10,904,000
   
$
8,039,000
 
Charged to expense/additions
   
17,371,000
     
13,007,000
 
Amounts processed
   
(18,490,000
)
   
(13,998,000
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
9,785,000
   
$
7,048,000
 
 
5. Inventory

Inventory is comprised of the following:

   
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
Non-core inventory
       
Raw materials
 
$
18,781,000
   
$
18,836,000
 
Work-in-process
   
392,000
     
255,000
 
Finished goods
   
41,342,000
     
39,828,000
 
     
60,515,000
     
58,919,000
 
Less allowance for excess and obsolete inventory
   
(2,330,000
)
   
(2,090,000
)
Total
 
$
58,185,000
   
$
56,829,000
 
                 
Inventory unreturned
 
$
8,442,000
   
$
7,833,000
 
Long-term core inventory
               
Used cores held at the Company's facilities
 
$
34,712,000
   
$
27,417,000
 
Used cores expected to be returned by customers
   
7,887,000
     
9,799,000
 
Remanufactured cores held in finished goods
   
23,949,000
     
21,557,000
 
Remanufactured cores held at customers' locations
   
136,205,000
     
130,762,000
 
     
202,753,000
     
189,535,000
 
Less allowance for excess and obsolete inventory
   
(751,000
)
   
(585,000
)
Total
 
$
202,002,000
   
$
188,950,000
 
                 
Long-term core inventory deposits
 
$
32,567,000
   
$
31,571,000
 
 
6. Major Customers

The Company’s largest customers accounted for the following total percentage of net sales:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Sales
 
2015
   
2014
 
Customer A
   
50
%
   
53
%
Customer B
   
20
%
   
22
%
Customer C
   
17
%
   
5
%
Customer D
   
3
%
   
3
%

The Company’s largest customers accounted for the following total percentage of accounts receivable—trade:

Accounts receivable - trade
 
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
Customer A
   
38
%
   
48
%
Customer B
   
20
%
   
16
%
Customer C
   
16
%
   
12
%
Customer D
   
10
%
   
4
%

The Company had no suppliers that accounted for more than 10% of inventory purchases for the three months ended June 30, 2015. The Company’s largest supplier accounted 13% of inventory purchases for the three months ended June 30, 2014.
 
7. Debt

The Company has the following credit agreements.

Credit Facility

The Company was party to a financing agreement (as amended, modified, amended and restated or supplemented, the “Financing Agreement”) with a syndicate of lenders party thereto, Cerberus Business Finance, LLC, as collateral agent, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent. The Financing Agreement was comprised of (i) a $95,000,000 term loan facility (the “Term Loans”) and (ii) an up to $40,000,000 revolving credit facility subject to borrowing base restrictions and a $10,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit (the “Revolving Facility”). The interest rate on the Company’s Term Loans using the LIBOR option was 6.75% at March 31, 2015. The obligations under the Financing Agreement were repaid on June 3, 2015. The repayment of the Term Loans was accounted for as extinguishment of debt and as a result, the Company wrote off $5,108,000 of previously deferred debt issuance costs associated with the Term Loans.

On June 3, 2015, the Company entered into a new $125,000,000 senior secured financing (the “Credit Facility”) with the lenders party thereto, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, consisting of (i) a $100,000,000 revolving loan facility, subject to borrowing base restrictions and a $15,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit (the “New Revolving Facility”) and (ii) a $25,000,000 term loan facility (the “New Term Loans”).  The loans under the Credit Facility mature on June 3, 2020. In connection with the Credit Facility, the lenders were granted a security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company. The Company capitalized $2,212,000 of new debt issuance costs, allocated between the New Revolving Facility and the New Term Loans.

The New Term Loans require quarterly principal payments of $781,250 beginning October 1, 2015. The New Revolving Facility and New Term Loans made under the Credit Facility bear interest at rates equal to either LIBOR plus a margin of 2.50%, 2.75% or 3.00% or a reference rate plus a margin of 1.50%, 1.75% or 2.00%, in each case depending on the total leverage ratio as of the applicable measurement date. There is also a facility fee of 0.25% to 0.375%, depending on the total leverage ratio as of the applicable measurement date. The interest rate on the Company’s New Revolving Facility and New Term Loans was 2.94% using the LIBOR option at June 30, 2015. The Credit Facility, among other things, requires the Company to maintain certain financial covenants including a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio beginning with the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2015.

The following summarizes information about the Company’s term loans at:

   
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
Principal amount of term loan
 
$
25,000,000
   
$
84,500,000
 
Unamortized debt issuance costs
   
(435,000
)
   
(5,278,000
)
Net carrying amount of term loan
   
24,565,000
     
79,222,000
 
Less current portion of term loan
   
(2,302,000
)
   
(7,733,000
)
Long-term portion of term loan
 
$
22,263,000
   
$
71,489,000
 
 
Future repayments of the Company’s New Term Loans, by fiscal year, are as follows:

Year Ending March 31,
   
2016 - remaining nine months
 
$
1,563,000
 
2017
   
3,125,000
 
2018
   
3,125,000
 
2019
   
3,125,000
 
2020
   
3,125,000
 
Thereafter
   
10,937,000
 
Total payments
 
$
25,000,000
 

As of June 30, 2015, the Company had $15,000,000 of revolving loans outstanding under the New Revolving Facility. In addition, $430,000 was reserved for standby letters of credit for workers’ compensation insurance and $2,338,000 for commercial letters of credit as of June 30, 2015. The Company had no outstanding balance under the Revolving Facility at March 31, 2015. As of June 30, 2015, $82,232,000, subject to certain adjustments, was available under the New Revolving Facility.

WX Agreement

In August 2012, the Company entered into a Revolving Credit/Strategic Cooperation Agreement (the “WX Agreement”) with Wanxiang America Corporation (the “Supplier”) and the discontinued subsidiary. In connection with the WX Agreement, the Company also issued a warrant (the “Supplier Warrant”) to the Supplier to purchase up to 516,129 shares of the Company’s common stock for an initial exercise price of $7.75 per share exercisable at any time after August 22, 2014 and on or prior to September 30, 2017. The exercise price is subject to adjustments, among other things, for sales of common stock by the Company at a price below the exercise price.

The fair value of the Supplier Warrant using the Monte Carlo simulation model was $11,648,000 and $10,506,000 at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively. This amount is recorded as a warrant liability which is included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015. During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, a loss of $1,142,000 and a gain of $1,114,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of this warrant liability.

8. Accounts Receivable Discount Programs

The Company uses receivable discount programs with certain customers and their respective banks. Under these programs, the Company may sell those customers’ receivables to those banks at a discount to be agreed upon at the time the receivables are sold. These discount arrangements allow the Company to accelerate collection of customers’ receivables.

The following is a summary of the Company’s accounts receivable discount programs:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Receivables discounted
 
$
79,247,000
   
$
68,608,000
 
Weighted average days
   
342
     
337
 
Annualized weighted average discount rate
   
2.1
%
   
2.0
%
Amount of discount as interest expense
 
$
1,579,000
   
$
1,292,000
 

9. Net Income Per Share

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share includes the effect, if any, from the potential exercise or conversion of securities, such as stock options and warrants, which would result in the issuance of incremental shares of common stock.
 
The following presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted net income per share:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
         
Net income
 
$
1,910,000
   
$
3,949,000
 
Basic shares
   
18,002,877
     
15,082,818
 
Effect of potentially dilutive securities
   
885,136
     
838,549
 
Diluted shares
   
18,888,013
     
15,921,367
 
Net income per share:
               
                 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.11
   
$
0.26
 
                 
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.10
   
$
0.25
 

The effect of dilutive options excludes (i) 2,722 shares subject to options with an exercise price of $31.10 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and (ii) 1,837 shares subject to options with an exercise price of $25.51 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2014, which were anti-dilutive.

10. Income Taxes

The Company recorded income tax expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, of $1,268,000, or an effective tax rate of 39.9%, and $2,714,000, or an effective tax rate of 40.7%, respectively. The income tax rates were higher than the federal statutory rate primarily due to state income taxes, which were partially offset by the benefit of lower statutory tax rates in foreign taxing jurisdiction. In addition, the income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 include the impact of the non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m) and the non-deductible expense or non-taxable gain in connection with the fair value adjustment on the warrants.

The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various states and foreign jurisdictions with varying statutes of limitations. At June 30, 2015, the Company continues to be under examination in the U.S. by the Internal Revenue Service for fiscal years 2011, 2012, and 2013 and by the State of California for fiscal year 2013. The Company is not under examination in any another jurisdiction. The Company believes no significant changes in the unrecognized tax benefits will occur within the next 12 months.

11. Financial Risk Management and Derivatives

Purchases and expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which are primarily related to the Company’s facilities overseas, expose the Company to market risk from material movements in foreign exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and the foreign currency. The Company’s primary risk exposure is from fluctuations in the value of the Mexican peso and to a lesser extent the Chinese yuan. To mitigate these risks, the Company enters into forward foreign currency exchange contracts to exchange U.S. dollars for these foreign currencies. The extent to which forward foreign currency exchange contracts are used is modified periodically in response to the Company’s estimate of market conditions and the terms and length of anticipated requirements.

The Company enters into forward foreign currency exchange contracts in order to reduce the impact of foreign currency fluctuations and not to engage in currency speculation. The use of derivative financial instruments allows the Company to reduce its exposure to the risk that the eventual cash outflow resulting from funding the expenses of the foreign operations will be materially affected by changes in exchange rates. The Company does not hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes. The forward foreign currency exchange contracts are designated for forecasted expenditure requirements to fund foreign operations.
 
The Company had forward foreign currency exchange contracts with a U.S. dollar equivalent notional value of $19,533,000 and $19,356,000 at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively. These contracts generally have a term of one year or less, at rates agreed at the inception of the contracts. The counterparty to this derivative transaction is a major financial institution with investment grade or better credit rating; however, the Company is exposed to credit risk with this institution. The credit risk is limited to the potential unrealized gains (which offset currency fluctuations adverse to the Company) in any such contract should this counterparty fail to perform as contracted. Any changes in the fair values of forward foreign currency exchange contracts are reflected in current period earnings and accounted for as an increase or offset to general and administrative expenses.

The following table shows the effect of the Company’s derivative instruments on its consolidated statements of income:

   
Gain (Loss) Recognized within General
and Administrative Expenses
 
Derivatives Not Designated as
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Hedging Instruments
 
2015
   
2014
 
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts
 
$
178,000
   
$
233,000
 

The fair value of the forward foreign currency exchange contracts of $1,015,000 and $1,193,000 is included in other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively.

12. Fair Value Measurements

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value, by level within the fair value hierarchy as of June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015:
 
   
June 30, 2015
   
March 31, 2015
 
       
Fair Value Measurements
Using Inputs Considered as
       
Fair Value Measurements
Using Inputs Considered as
 
   
Fair Value
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Fair Value
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Assets
                               
Short-term investments
                               
Mutual funds
 
$
878,000
   
$
878,000
     
-
     
-
   
$
699,000
   
$
699,000
     
-
     
-
 
                                                                 
Liabilities
                                                               
Accrued liabilities
                                                               
Contingent consideration
   
393,000
     
-
     
-
   
$
393,000
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Other current liabilities
                                                               
Deferred compensation
   
878,000
     
878,000
     
-
     
-
     
699,000
     
699,000
     
-
     
-
 
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts
   
1,015,000
     
-
   
$
1,015,000
     
-
     
1,193,000
     
-
   
$
1,193,000
     
-
 
Other liabilities
                                                               
Warrant liability
   
11,648,000
     
-
     
-
     
11,648,000
     
10,506,000
     
-
     
-
   
$
10,506,000
 
Contingent consideration
   
927,000
     
-
     
-
     
927,000
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 

Short-term Investments and Deferred Compensation

The Company’s short-term investments, which fund its deferred compensation liabilities, consist of investments in mutual funds. These investments are classified as Level 1 as the shares of these mutual funds trade with sufficient frequency and volume to enable the Company to obtain pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Forward Foreign Currency Exchange

The forward foreign currency exchange contracts are primarily measured based on the foreign currency spot and forward rates quoted by the banks or foreign currency dealers. During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, gains of $178,000 and $233,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the value of the forward foreign currency exchange contracts subsequent to entering into the contracts.
 
Warranty Liability

The Company estimates the fair value of the warrant liability using level 3 inputs and the Monte Carlo simulation model at each balance sheet date.This amount is recorded as a warrant liability which is included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015. Any subsequent changes from the initial recognition in the fair value of the warrant liability are recorded in current period earnings as a general and administrative expense. During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, a loss of $1,142,000 and a gain of $1,114,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of the warrant liability.

The assumptions used to determine the fair value of the Supplier Warrant recorded as warrant liability were:

   
June 30, 2015
 
Risk-free interest rate
   
0.73
%
Expected life in years
   
2.25
 
Expected volatility
   
45.70
%
Dividend yield
   
-
 
Probability of future financing
   
0
%
 
The risk-free interest rate used was based on U.S. treasury-note yields with terms commensurate with the remaining term of the warrant. The expected life is based on the remaining contractual term of the warrant and the expected volatility is based on the Company’s daily historical volatility over a period commensurate with the remaining term of the warrant.

Contingent Consideration

The preliminary fair value of the contingent consideration of the OE Plus acquisition discussed in Note 2 was $1,320,000. The contingent consideration was recorded in accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, and was Level 3 liability that was measured at fair value. The Company estimated the fair value of the contingent consideration based on an option pricing model.

The assumptions used to determine the fair value of the contingent consideration were:

   
June 30, 2015
 
Expected volatility
   
35.00
%
Probability
   
90.00
%
Counter party present value factor
   
4.52
%

In addition to the above assumptions, a risk-free interest rate ranging from 0.23% to 1.28% commensurate with the term of the contingent consideration was used.  Any subsequent changes from the initial recognition in the fair value of the contingent consideration liability will be recorded in current period earnings as a general and administrative expense.
 
The following table summarizes the activity for financial assets and liabilities utilizing Level 3 fair value measurements:

   
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
   
Supplier
Warrant
   
Contingent
Consideration
   
Supplier
Warrant
   
Contingent
Consideration
 
Beginning balance
 
$
10,506,000
   
$
-
   
$
10,047,000
   
$
-
 
Newly issued
   
-
     
1,320,000
     
-
     
-
 
Total (gain) loss included in net loss
   
1,142,000
     
-
     
(1,114,000
)
   
-
 
Exercises/settlements
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Net transfers in (out) of Level 3
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Ending balance
 
$
11,648,000
   
$
1,320,000
   
$
8,933,000
   
$
-
 

During the three months ended June 30, 2015, the Company had no significant measurements of assets or liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis subsequent to their initial recognition.

The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The carrying amounts of the revolving loans, term loans and other long-term liabilities approximate their fair value based on the variable nature of interest rates and current rates for instruments with similar characteristics.

13. Share-based Payments

Stock Options

The Company granted options to purchase 2,722 and 82,537 shares of common stock during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The cost associated with stock options is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires the input of subjective assumptions including the expected volatility of the underlying stock and the expected holding period of the option. These subjective assumptions are based on both historical and other information. Changes in the values assumed and used in the model can materially affect the estimate of fair value.

The table below summarizes the Black-Scholes option pricing model assumptions used to derive the weighted average fair value of the stock options granted during the periods noted.

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Weighted average risk-free interest rate
   
1.82
%
   
1.75
%
Weighted average expected holding period (years)
   
5.00
     
5.01
 
Weighted average expected volatility
   
49.02
%
   
46.02
%
Weighted average expected dividend yield
   
-
     
-
 
Weighted average fair value of options granted
 
$
13.77
   
$
9.65
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
The following is a summary of stock option transactions for the three months ended June 30, 2015:

   
Number of
Shares
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2015
   
1,389,254
   
$
9.97
 
Granted
   
2,722
   
$
31.10
 
Exercised
   
(183,635
)
 
$
9.72
 
Cancelled
   
-
   
$
-
 
Outstanding at June 30, 2015
   
1,208,341
   
$
10.05
 

At June 30, 2015, options to purchase 913,506 shares of common stock were exercisable at the weighted average exercise price of $9.08.

At June 30, 2015, there was $1,257,000 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock option awards. The compensation expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted average vesting period of approximately 1.25 years.

Restricted Stock

The Company did not grant any shares of restricted stock during the three months ended June 30, 2015. During the three months ended June 30, 2014, the Company granted 95,645 shares of restricted stock. A summary of changes in the status of non-vested restricted stock during the three months ended June 30, 2015 is presented below:

   
Number of Shares
   
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
 
Non-vested restricted stock at March 31, 2015
   
181,443
   
$
16.84
 
Restricted stock granted
   
-
   
$
-
 
Restricted stock vested
   
(30,417
)
 
$
24.27
 
Restricted stock cancelled
   
-
   
$
-
 
Non-vested restricted stock at June 30, 2015
   
151,026
   
$
15.34
 
 
As of June 30, 2015, there was $1,994,000 of unrecognized compensation expense related to awards of the restricted stock, which will be recognized over the remaining vesting period of approximately 1.5 years.

14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended June 30, 2014
 
   
Unrealized
Gain (Loss)
on Short-Term
Investments
   
Foreign
Currency
Translation
   
Total
   
Unrealized
Gain (Loss)
on Short-Term
Investments
   
Foreign
Currency
Translation
   
Total
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
345,000
   
$
(2,863,000
)
 
$
(2,518,000
)
 
$
321,000
   
$
(1,198,000
)
 
$
(877,000
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
   
(6,000
)
   
(349,000
)
   
(355,000
)
   
10,000
     
45,000
     
55,000
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Balance at end of period
 
$
339,000
   
$
(3,212,000
)
 
$
(2,873,000
)
 
$
331,000
   
$
(1,153,000
)
 
$
(822,000
)

15. Litigation

In May 2011, the Company purchased (i) all of the outstanding equity of Fenwick Automotive Products Limited (“FAPL”), (ii) all of the outstanding equity of Introcan, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Introcan”), and (iii) 1% of the outstanding equity of Fapco S.A. de C.V., a Mexican variable capital company (“Fapco”) (collectively, “Fenco” and also referred to herein as the “discontinued subsidiary”). Since FAPL owned 99% of Fapco prior to these acquisitions, the Company owned 100% of Fapco following these transactions.
 
On June 10, 2013, each of FAPL, Introcan and Introcan’s subsidiaries, Flo-Pro Inc., LH Distribution Inc., Rafko Logistics Inc., Rafko Holdings Inc. and Rafko Enterprises Inc. (collectively, the “Fenco Entities”), filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 7 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware.

There have been and may be claims filed against the Company by the trustee and some or all of the creditors in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings involving the Fenco Entities.

In February 2015, M&T Bank filed a complaint in the Superior Court for the State of California, County of Los Angeles, against the Company and some of its executives alleging negligent misrepresentation, tortious interference with contractual relationship, conspiracy, unjust enrichment, conversion, declaratory judgment/alter ego, breach of contract and breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing. The plaintiff is seeking unspecified damages, punitive damages, attorneys’ fees and other relief.  Pending motions to stay or dismiss this litigation, or portions thereof, are scheduled to be heard in October 2015.  M&T Bank also filed a similar complaint for oppression under Canadian law and similar damages in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

In addition, the trustee has notified the Company and its insurance companies that the trustee may have claims for wrongful acts, breach of fiduciary duty, civil conspiracy, aiding and abetting, negligence and conversion against MPA and its executive officers, but has not filed any litigation at this time.  A tolling agreement has been entered into with the trustee and expires in September 2015.

Any litigation to determine the validity of these claims involving the Fenco Entities by M&T Bank and the trustee, regardless of its merit or resolution, may be costly and time consuming and divert the efforts and attention of the Company’s management from its business strategy.  Any adverse judgment or settlement by the Company and its executive officers of these claims could also result in significant additional expense which could be material to the Company’s financial operations and future results of operations.

The Company is also a defendant in the following cases: one in Ontario Superior Court and another in the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. In each case the plaintiffs’ claim that the Company is liable for amounts due from the Fenco Entities to their employees under applicable U.S. and Canadian law. The Company has resolved these matters, subject to court approvals, for a cash payment, substantially all of which was previously accrued.

The Company is also subject to various other lawsuits and claims in the normal course of business. Management does not believe that the outcome of these other matters will have a material adverse effect on its financial position or future results of operations.

16. New Accounting Pronouncements

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 606, “Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which amends the guidance in the former ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition”. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within that reporting period for a public company. Early application is not permitted. A full or modified retrospective transition method is required. The FASB recently decided to delay the effective date by one year for all entities. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this guidance to its consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance which requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). If conditions or events raise substantial doubt that is not alleviated, an entity should disclose that there is substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued), along with the principal conditions or events that raise substantial doubt, management’s evaluation of the significance of those conditions or events in relation to the entity’s ability to meet its obligations and management’s plans that are intended to mitigate those conditions. The new guidance is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company does not expect any impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows from the adoption of this guidance.

Extraordinary Items

In January 2015, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies income statement presentation by eliminating the concept of extraordinary items. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. A reporting entity may apply the amendments prospectively or retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted provided that the guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company does not expect any impact on its consolidated financial statements from the adoption of this guidance.

Inventory

In July 2015, the FASB issued guidance that requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using LIFO or the retail inventory method. The amendments in this update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The amendments in this update should be applied prospectively with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this guidance to its consolidated financial statements.
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis presents factors that Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“our,” “we” or “us”) believe are relevant to an assessment and understanding of our consolidated financial position and results of operations. This financial and business analysis should be read in conjunction with our March 31, 2015 audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on June 15, 2015, as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2015.

Disclosure Regarding Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

This report contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to our future performance that involve risks and uncertainties. Various factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in such statements. These factors include, but are not limited to: the bankruptcy of the Fenco Entities and related claims and contingent liabilities, concentration of sales to a small number of customers, changes in the financial condition of or our relationship with any of our major customers, the increasing customer pressure for lower prices and more favorable payment and other terms, lower revenues than anticipated from new and existing contracts, the increasing demands on our working capital, the significant strain on working capital associated with large inventory purchases from customers, any meaningful difference between expected production needs and ultimate sales to our customers, our ability to obtain any additional financing we may seek or require, our ability to achieve positive cash flows from operations, potential future changes in our previously reported results as a result of the identification and correction of errors in our accounting policies or procedures or the potential material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting, our failure to meet the financial covenants or the other obligations set forth in our credit agreement and the lenders’ refusal to waive any such defaults, increases in interest rates, the impact of high gasoline prices, consumer preferences and general economic conditions, increased competition in the automotive parts industry including increased competition from Chinese and other offshore manufacturers, difficulty in obtaining Used Cores and component parts or increases in the costs of those parts, political, criminal or economic instability in any of the foreign countries where we conduct operations, currency exchange fluctuations, unforeseen increases in operating costs, and other factors discussed herein and in our other filings with the SEC.

Management Overview

We are a leading manufacturer, remanufacturer, and distributor of aftermarket automotive parts for import and domestic cars, light trucks, heavy duty, agricultural and industrial applications. We sell our products predominantly in North America to the largest auto parts retail and traditional warehouse chains and to major automobile manufacturers for both their aftermarket programs and their OES programs. Our products include (i) rotating electrical products such as alternators and starters, (ii) wheel hub assemblies and bearings, and (iii) new brake master cylinders.

The aftermarket for automobile parts is divided into two markets. The first market is the DIY market, which is generally serviced by the large retail chain outlets. Consumers who purchase parts from the DIY channel generally install parts into their vehicles themselves. In most cases, this is a less expensive alternative than having the repair performed by a professional installer. The second market is the professional installer market, commonly known as the DIFM market. This market is serviced by the traditional warehouse distributors, the dealer networks, and the commercial divisions of retail chains. Generally, the consumer in this channel is a professional parts installer. Our products are distributed to both the DIY and DIFM markets.

Pursuant to the guidance provided under the FASB ASC for segment reporting, we have determined that our operating segments meet the criteria for aggregation and accordingly we have one reportable segment for purposes of recording and reporting our financial results.
 
Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein.
 
The following table summarizes certain key operating data for the periods indicated:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Gross profit percentage
   
30.3
%
   
28.3
%
Cash flow provided by operations
 
$
3,334,000
   
$
2,637,000
 
Finished goods turnover (annualized) (1)
   
5.9
     
5.9
 


(1) Annualized finished goods turnover for the fiscal quarter is calculated by multiplying cost of sales for the quarter by 4 and dividing the result by the average between beginning and ending non-core finished goods inventory values for the fiscal quarter. We believe this provides a useful measure of our ability to turn our inventory into revenues.

Net Sales and Gross Profit

The following table summarizes net sales and gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Net sales
 
$
85,835,000
   
$
62,975,000
 
Cost of goods sold
   
59,844,000
     
45,159,000
 
Gross profit
   
25,991,000
     
17,816,000
 
Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales
   
69.7
%
   
71.7
%
Gross profit percentage
   
30.3
%
   
28.3
%

Net Sales. Our net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2015 increased by $22,860,000, or 36.3%, to $85,835,000 compared to net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2014 of $62,975,000. The increase in our net sales was across all the product lines and sales of new brake master cylinder products which we began selling in late July 2014.

Cost of Goods Sold/Gross Profit. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales decreased during the three months ended June 30, 2015 to 69.7% from 71.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2014, resulting in a corresponding increase in our gross profit to 30.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2015 from 28.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2014. Our gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2015 increased primarily due to changes in the mix of product lines sold and overall lower per unit costs which resulted from enhanced purchases and production and better absorption of overhead. In addition, our prior year gross profit was impacted by certain start-up costs incurred in connection with our new brake master cylinder products.
 
Operating Expenses

The following table summarizes operating expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
General and administrative
 
$
11,360,000
   
$
5,392,000
 
Sales and marketing
   
2,280,000
     
1,826,000
 
Research and development
   
736,000
     
522,000
 
                 
Percent of net sales
               
                 
General and administrative
   
13.2
%
   
8.6
%
Sales and marketing
   
2.7
%
   
2.9
%
Research and development
   
0.9
%
   
0.8
%

General and Administrative. Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2015 were $11,360,000, which represents an increase of $5,968,000, or 110.7%, from general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2014 of $5,392,000. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to (i) $2,256,000 of increased loss recorded due to the change in the fair value of the warrant liability, (ii) a $1,823,000 increase in our legal fees associated with the discontinued subsidiary and $237,000 of increased legal fees for all other corporate activities, (iii) $521,000 of increased incentive compensation and other employee-related expenses, (iv) $495,000 of increased expense for professional services, and (v) our prior year general and administrative expenses included a gain of $288,000 due to the reversal of the holdback recorded in connection with a prior business acquisition.

Sales and Marketing. Our sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2015 increased $454,000, or 25.9%, to $2,280,000 from $1,826,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014. The increase was due primarily to (i) $162,000 of increased employee-related costs, (ii) $157,000 of increased commissions, and (iii) a $100,000 increase in other marketing expenses in connection with the new business.

Research and Development. Our research and development expenses increased by $214,000, or 41.0%, to $736,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 from $522,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014, due primarily to (i) $117,000 of increased employee-related costs and (ii) $78,000 of increased supplies expense.

Interest Expense

Interest Expense, net. Our interest expense, net for the three months ended June 30, 2015 increased $5,024,000, or 147.2%, to $8,437,000 from $3,413,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014. The increased in interest expense was due primarily to the write-off of previous debt issuance costs of $5,108,000 in connection with the Financing Agreement which was terminated in June 2015. We entered into a new credit facility on June 3, 2015. In addition, the decrease in interest expense resulting from lower interest rates and average outstanding balances on our loans was mostly offset by a higher balance of receivables discounted during the three months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014.

Provision for Income Taxes

Income Tax. Our income tax expense was $1,268,000, or an effective tax rate of 39.9%, and $2,714,000, or an effective tax rate of 40.7% during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The income tax rates were higher than the federal statutory rate primarily due to state income taxes, which were partially offset by the benefit of lower statutory tax rates in foreign taxing jurisdiction. In addition, the income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 include the impact of the non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m) and the non-deductible expense or non-taxable gain in connection with the fair value adjustment on the warrants.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

At June 30, 2015, we had working capital of $2,044,000, a ratio of current assets to current liabilities of 1:1, and cash of $17,349,000, compared to working capital of $66,734,000, a ratio of current assets to current liabilities of 1.6:1, and cash of $61,230,000 at March 31, 2015.  We generated cash during the three months ended June 30, 2015 from operations and the use of receivable discount programs with certain of our major customers. The cash generated from these activities was used partly for the repayment of our Term Loans, build up our inventory in anticipation of higher future sales, and to make accrued core payments.

In June 2015, we entered into a new $125,000,000 senior secured financing with the lenders party thereto, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, consisting of a $100,000,000 revolving loan facility and a $25,000,000 term loan facility. The obligations under the previous Financing Agreement were repaid on June 3, 2015 and the previous Financing Agreement was terminated.

We believe our cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, use of receivable discount programs, amounts available under our credit facility, and other sources are sufficient to satisfy our expected future working capital needs, repayment of the current portion of our term loans, capital lease commitments, and capital expenditure obligations over the next twelve months.

Cash Flows

Cash flows as reflected in the consolidated statement of cash flows for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 are summarized as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Cash provided by (used in):
       
Operating activities
 
$
3,334,000
   
$
2,637,000
 
Investing activities
   
(4,007,000
)
   
(621,000
)
Financing activities
   
(43,207,000
)
   
(1,933,000
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
(1,000
)
   
10,000
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
(43,881,000
)
 
$
93,000
 
                 
Additional selected cash flow data:
               
Depreciation and amortization
 
$
691,000
   
$
633,000
 
Capital expenditures
   
619,000
     
610,000
 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $3,334,000 and $2,637,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The significant changes in our operating activities for the three months ended June 30, 2015, were due primarily to increased operating results (net income plus net add-back for non-cash transactions in earnings) partly offset by cash used to increase long-term core inventory to support significant new business awarded to us.

Net cash used in investing activities was $4,007,000 and $621,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and primarily related to the acquisition of OE Plus and the purchase of equipment for our office, manufacturing and warehousing facilities.

Net cash used in financing activities was $43,207,000 and $1,933,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The change in financing activities during the three months ended June 30, 2015 was due mainly to (i) net repayment of our long term debt, (ii) the payment of debt issuance costs, and (iii) increased proceeds from stock options exercises during the three months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014.
 
Capital Resources

Debt

We are party to the following credit agreements.

Credit Facility

We were party to a financing agreement (as amended, modified, amended and restated or supplemented, the “Financing Agreement”) with a syndicate of lenders party thereto, Cerberus Business Finance, LLC, as collateral agent, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent. The Financing Agreement was comprised of (i) a $95,000,000 term facility (the “Term Loans” and (ii) an up to $40,000,000 revolving facility subject to borrowing base restrictions and a $10,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit (the “Revolving Facility”). The interest rate on our Term Loans using the LIBOR option was 6.75% at March 31, 2015. The obligations under the Financing Agreement were repaid on June 3, 2015.

On June 3, 2015, we entered into a new $125,000,000 senior secured financing (the “Credit Facility”) with the lenders party thereto, and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, consisting of (i) a $100,000,000 revolving loan facility, subject to borrowing base restrictions and a $15,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit (the “New Revolving Facility”) and (ii) a $25,000,000 term loan facility (the “New Term Loans”).  The loans under the Credit Facility mature on June 3, 2020. In connection with the Credit Facility, the lenders were granted a security interest in substantially all of our assets.

The New Term Loans require quarterly principal payments of $781,250 beginning October 1, 2015. The New Revolving Facility and New Term Loans made under the Credit Facility bear interest at rates equal to either LIBOR plus a margin of 2.50%, 2.75% or 3.00% or a reference rate plus a margin of 1.50%, 1.75% or 2.00%, in each case depending on the total leverage ratio as of the applicable measurement date. There is also a facility fee of 0.25% to 0.375%, depending on the total leverage ratio as of the applicable measurement date. The interest rate on our New Revolving Facility and New Term Loans was 2.94% using the LIBOR option at June 30, 2015. The Credit Facility, among other things, requires us to maintain certain financial covenants including a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio beginning with the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2015.

In addition to other covenants, the Credit Facility places limits on our ability to, incur liens, incur additional indebtedness, make loans and investments, engage in mergers and acquisitions, engage in asset sales, declare dividends or redeem or repurchase capital stock, alter the business conducted by us and our subsidiaries, transact with affiliates, prepay, redeem or purchase subordinated debt, and amend or otherwise alter debt agreements.

As of June 30, 2015, we had $15,000,000 outstanding under the New Revolving Facility. In addition, $430,000 was reserved for standby letters of credit for workers’ compensation insurance and $2,338,000 for commercial letters of credit as of June 30, 2015. We had no outstanding balance under the Revolving Facility at March 31, 2015. As of June 30, 2015, $82,232,000, subject to certain adjustments, was available under the New Revolving Facility.

WX Agreement

In August 2012, we entered into a Revolving Credit/Strategic Cooperation Agreement (the “WX Agreement”) with Wanxiang America Corporation (the “Supplier”) and the discontinued subsidiary. In connection with the WX Agreement, we also issued a warrant (the “Supplier Warrant”) to the Supplier to purchase up to 516,129 shares of our common stock for an initial exercise price of $7.75 per share exercisable at any time after August 22, 2014 and on or prior to September 30, 2017. The exercise price is subject to adjustments, among other things, for sales of common stock by us at a price below the exercise price.
 
The fair value of the Supplier Warrant using the Monte Carlo simulation model was $11,648,000 and $10,506,000 at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively. This amount is recorded as a warrant liability which is included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015. During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, a loss of $1,142,000 and a gain of $1,114,000, respectively, were recorded in general and administrative expenses due to the change in the fair value of this warrant liability.

Receivable Discount Programs

We use receivable discount programs with certain customers and their respective banks. Under these programs, we have options to sell those customers’ receivables to those banks at a discount to be agreed upon at the time the receivables are sold. These discount arrangements allows us to accelerate collection of customers’ receivables. While these arrangements have reduced our working capital needs, there can be no assurance that these programs will continue in the future. Interest expense resulting from these programs would increase if interest rates rise, if utilization of these discounting arrangements expands or if the discount period is extended to reflect more favorable payment terms to customers.

The following is a summary of the receivable discount programs:

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Receivables discounted
 
$
79,247,000
   
$
68,608,000
 
Weighted average days
   
342
     
337
 
Annualized weighted average discount rate
   
2.1
%
   
2.0
%
Amount of discount as interest expense
 
$
1,579,000
   
$
1,292,000
 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At June 30, 2015, we had no off-balance sheet financing or other arrangements with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships (such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities) established for purposes of facilitating off-balance sheet financing or other debt arrangements or for other contractually narrow or limited purposes.

Capital Expenditures and Commitments

Capital Expenditures

Our capital expenditures were $619,000 and $610,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Our capital expenditures were primarily related to the purchase of equipment for our office, manufacturing and warehousing facilities. We expect our fiscal year 2016 capital expenditures to be approximately $4,000,000 for initiatives primarily related to our purchases of equipment, information technology, and leasehold improvements to our current facilities. We expect to use our working capital and incur additional capital lease obligations to finance these capital expenditures.

Related Party Transactions

There have been no material changes to our related party transactions that are presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2015, which was filed on June 15, 2015, and as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2015.

Litigation

There have been no material changes to our litigation matters that are presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2015, which was filed on June 15, 2015, and as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2015, except as discussed below.
 
Pending motions to stay or dismiss the litigation, or portions thereof, filed by M&T Bank in connection with the Fenco bankruptcy, are scheduled to be heard in October 2015.  M&T Bank also filed a similar complaint for oppression under Canadian law and similar damages in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.  In addition, a tolling agreement has been entered into with the trustee in connection with the Fenco bankruptcy that expires in September 2015.

Any litigation to determine the validity of these claims involving the Fenco Entities by M&T Bank and the trustee, regardless of its merit or resolution, may be costly and time consuming and divert the efforts and attention of our management from our business strategy.  Any adverse judgment or settlement by us and our executive officers of these claims could also result in significant additional expense which could be material to our financial operations and future results of operations.

We have also resolved, subject to court approvals, the cases in Ontario Superior Court and in the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware relating to amounts due from the Fenco Entities to their employees under applicable U.S. and Canadian law for a cash payment, substantially all of which was previously accrued.

Critical Accounting Policies

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates that are presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2015, which was filed on June 15, 2015, except as discussed below.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

Debt Issuance Costs

In April 2015, the FASB issued guidance that requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The amendments in this update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim period within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the amendments in this update is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. We adopted this guidance effective June 30, 2015 which resulted in the reclassification of debt issuance cost of $879,000 from other assets and is now presented as a direct deduction of $110,000 to the current portion of the term loan and $769,000 to the noncurrent portion of the term loan in the previously reported consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2015. The adoption of this guidance did not have any other impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Discontinued Operations

In April 2014, the FASB issued guidance on reporting discontinued operations. The new guidance changes the criteria for determining which disposals can be presented as discontinued operations and modifies related disclosure requirements. Under the new guidance, a discontinued operation is defined as a disposal of a component or group of components that is disposed of or is classified as held for sale and represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The guidance applies prospectively to new disposals and new classifications of disposal groups as held for sale after the effective date. The standard is required to be adopted by public business entities in annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014, and interim periods within those annual periods. The adoption of this guidance did not have any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

New Accounting Pronouncements

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 606, “Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which amends the guidance in the former ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition”. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within that reporting period for a public company. Early application is not permitted. A full or modified retrospective transition method is required. The FASB recently decided to delay the effective date by one year for all entities. We are currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this guidance to our consolidated financial statements.
 
Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance which requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). If conditions or events raise substantial doubt that is not alleviated, an entity should disclose that there is substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued), along with the principal conditions or events that raise substantial doubt, management’s evaluation of the significance of those conditions or events in relation to the entity’s ability to meet its obligations and management’s plans that are intended to mitigate those conditions. The new guidance is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. We do not expect any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows from the adoption of this guidance.

Extraordinary Items

In January 2015, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies income statement presentation by eliminating the concept of extraordinary items. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. A reporting entity may apply the amendments prospectively or retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted provided that the guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. We do not expect any impact on its consolidated financial statements from the adoption of this guidance.

Inventory

In July 2015, the FASB issued guidance that requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using LIFO or the retail inventory method. The amendments in this update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The amendments in this update should be applied prospectively with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. We are currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this guidance to our consolidated financial statements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

There have been no material changes in market risk from the information provided in Item 7A. “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K as of March 31, 2015, which was filed on June 15, 2015.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We have established disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer, we have conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer concluded that MPA’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2015.

Inherent Limitations Over Internal Controls

The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f).

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, applying certain estimates
and judgments as required.

Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:
1. Pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company;
2. Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and
3. Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in MPA’s internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter ended June 30, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, MPA’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes in the risk factors set forth in Item 1A to Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015, filed on June 15, 2015 and as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on July 29, 2015.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Limitation on Payment of Dividends—The Credit Facility prohibits the declaration or payment of any dividends by us other than dividends payable in our capital stock.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 5. Other Information

None.
 
Item 6. Exhibits

(a) Exhibits:

Number  
Description of Exhibit                                                                
Method of Filing  
3.1
Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 declared effective on March 22, 1994 (the “1994 Registration Statement”).
 
3.2
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 33-97498) declared effective on November 14, 1995.
 
3.3
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1997.
     
3.4
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998 (the “1998 Form 10-K”).
 
3.5
Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit C to the Company’s proxy statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on November 25, 2003.
 
3.6
Amended and Restated By-Laws of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 24, 2010.
 
3.7
Certificate of Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 9, 2014.
 
4.1
2003 Long Term Incentive Plan
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on April 2, 1004.
 
4.2
2004 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the 2004 Annual Shareholders Meeting.
 
4.3
2010 Incentive Award Plan
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on December 15, 2010.
 
4.4
Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on March 5, 2013.
 
4.5
Second Amended and Restated 2010 Incentive Award Plan
Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on March 3, 2014.
Number  
Description of Exhibit                                                                
Method of Filing  
4.6
2014 Non-Employee Director Incentive Award Plan
Incorporated by reference to Appendix B to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on March 3, 2014.
 
10.1
Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of June 3, 2015, among Motorcar Parts of America, Inc., each lender from time to time party thereto, and PNC Bank, National Association, as agent
Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 8, 2015.
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
Filed herewith.
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
Filed herewith.
 
Certification of Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
Filed herewith.
 
Certifications of Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002
Filed herewith.
 
101.1
The following financial information from Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (“XBRL”) and filed electronically herewith: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (v) the Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Filed herewith.
 
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
MOTORCAR PARTS OF AMERICA, INC
     
Dated: August 10, 2015
By:
/s/ David Lee
   
David Lee
   
Chief Financial Officer
     
Dated: August 10, 2015
By:
/s/ Kevin Daly
   
Kevin Daly
   
Chief Accounting Officer
 
 
34


Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Selwyn Joffe, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused, such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Date: August 10, 2015
/s/ Selwyn Joffe
 
Selwyn Joffe
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 


Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATIONS

I, David Lee, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused, such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based upon such evaluation; and

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: August 10, 2015
/s/ David Lee
 
David Lee
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
 


Exhibit 31.3

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Kevin Daly, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused, such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based upon such evaluation; and

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: August 10, 2015
/s/ Kevin Daly
 
Kevin Daly
 
Chief Accounting Officer
 
 


Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATE OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER AND CHIEF
ACCOUNTING OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Quarterly Report”), I, Selwyn Joffe, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

1. The Quarterly Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 
/s/ Selwyn Joffe
 
Selwyn Joffe
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
August 10, 2015

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Quarterly Report”), I, David Lee, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

1. The Quarterly Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 
/s/ David Lee
 
David Lee
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
August 10, 2015

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Quarterly Report”), I, Kevin Daly, Chief Accounting Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

1. The Quarterly Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 
/s/ Kevin Daly
 
Kevin Daly
 
Chief Accounting Officer
 
August 10, 2015

The foregoing certifications are being furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission as part of the accompanying report on Form 10-Q. A signed original of each of these statements has been provided to Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and will be retained by Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.